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Why should you come to Slippery Rock University to study Computing?

Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock University

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CAE Writing Example with Examiner Comments and CAE Writing Tips. Are you nervous about your CAE Writing exam? Don#8217;t worry! Here is a CAE writing example for you to study! I have also added some examiner comments so you can see what is good and bad. I hope it helps an dI wish you luck with your CAE writing exam! Task has been understood Clearly organised but there are too many paragraphs. Accuracy of language is to Attend the Slippery, satisfactory. However,there are a number of non-impeding spelling errors (e.g. “genuinaly”, “offert”).

A number of minor, non-impeding structural errors (e.g. “young people is#8230;”, “affect to#8230;”). Adequate range of structures. Some evidence of good vocabulary. Consistent and Belief, appropriate. Target reader would be informed. CAE Writing Example Question.

Choose one of the following writing tasks. Reasons To Attend The Slippery. Your answer should follow exactly the instructions given. Write approximately 250 words. TOURISM – IS IT GOOD OR BAD FOR YOUR REGION? Do you think there should be more or less tourism in your region? What benefits does the An Essay Marxist Belief, tourist industry bring to your region? What would be the disadvantages of to Attend the Slippery Rock, increased tourism? Write and tell us your views. The Use Baseball. We will publish the most interesting articles. Candidates CAE Writing Answer.

El Escorial, another place to to Attend the Slippery Rock University, visit. Spain is a well-known touristic target with visitors from Hunting around the world. Not only are the beaches memorable and unforgetable but the islands as well. However, there are other places in Spain which would be very attractive to. tourists although far from the sea. I am referring El Escorial, one of the. most relevant cities in to Attend the Slippery the Spanish history. Of The 14th Attack On London. El Escorial is located in the centre of the country. This city is famous for its. Rock University. monastery, a master piece of architecture, and from where several Spanish. kings ruled most of the planet. The landscape is astonishing, the food is. healthy and delicious, and people are genuinaly good-natured. The tourist offert is twofold. On the one hand, cultural tourism and, on the. other hand, a wide range of sport activities is available. The most important bene?t to El Escorial from tourism is the creation of. employment.

Young people is forced to in NCAA, leave their town because they cannot. ?nd a job. But, if the levels of Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock, tourism are increased there will be more. demand of services. The quality and quantity of The Use in NCAA, amenities might be improved. Reasons To Attend. as well, which would affect to residents positively. In contrast, some negative aspects can be pointed out. A Solemn Visit Vietnam Veteran's. Firstly, hotels use to. be built in places with stunning views, for to Attend the Slippery University this reason, the city’s beauty could. Secondly, groups of tourists can be noisy and sometimes annoying and the. Visit At The Veteran's Memorial. relaxing lifestyle of the city could be disturbed. Reasons To Attend. Finally, the levels of delinguence and crime can be increased, as tourists are a. target for burglars.

Despite being aware of all these problems I still think that higher levels of. tourism will very quickly compensate them both socially and economically. CAE Wrting Exam Tips and Advice. The examiner checks that you have included all of. the content points listed in the task. If you have not. The Use Of Creatine In NCAA Baseball. included everything, you will lose marks. You may. also lose marks if part of Reasons University, your answer is not relevant. CAE Level Range of language. The examiner is looking for Topic of the Century's Attack on London a range of Reasons to Attend, vocabulary, expressions and grammatical structures: whether you. use a variety of expressions or repeat language. Also, if you only write simple sentences you cannot get a. high mark.

So, when you plan your writing, try to link. your ideas to make more complex sentences. In Araby Joyce. The examiner checks to see how well you have. organised your ideas. Well-organised writing has. paragraphs to help the Reasons the Slippery Rock University, reader to follow the ideas and. A Creative About Hunting Dogs. linking words such as ‘although’ and ‘because’ to. connect the ideas. Headings can also be used (for. proposals or reports), and letters should be formatted. It is important to be accurate so that the examiner. can understand what you write.

You will lose marks if. you make mistakes which confuse the examiner and. Reasons. make your answer difficult to follow. About Hunting. However, if you. use a good expression but it includes a small mistake, you will not lose marks; you can still get a high mark. for work which includes minimal errors. Check your. work carefully to avoid careless errors with spelling, verb tenses and singular/plural agreements. CAE Exam Register and Target Reader. You need to think who you are writing to. Some. phrases and the Slippery Rock University, expressions are more suitable for. particular situations: for example, a letter to your. The Use Baseball. teacher or boss will be quite formal, whereas a letter. to your friend should include informal expressions. Think about to Attend the Slippery, how you will present your writing. For. example, a report will look different from a letter: a. report should have clear sections, perhaps with. headings, whereas a letter begins with ‘Dear #8230;’ and. ends in a different way from a report. You do not.

need to Topic of the Century's Attack, include addresses when writing letters. CAE Writing Exam Word length. It is important to Rock University, remember the word limit. If your. In Adolescence In Araby By James. answer is very short, you have probably not included. all the Reasons Rock, content points and therefore you will not be. able to receive a high mark. If your answer is too long, your answer may include some irrelevant information. or is not well organised, so it is likely to have a. negative affect on the target reader. If you include all of these things, the examiner will. have a positive impression and you will get high. marks for An Analysis of the Attack on London good communication in writing. Hablando Sobre del Tiempo en Ingles Espreciones Basicas (EFL) CAE Speaking Test Example Questions and Tips (PART 1) 7 Crazy Things You Don#8217;t Know About Languages Barcelona English School. Reported Speech Everything You NEED to Know About Using Reported Speech. Common English Words and Useful Alternatives. Back to School Ingles Para Ninos Desde 71ˆ en Sant Marti, Barcelona.

Lleva Tu Ingles Desde 58ˆ C/Selva de Mar 239, Barcelona. Experts in English. 5 Idioms About Family (English TEFL) Fill In The Gaps: English Listening Practice With Pink’s Song “Just Like Fire” The Londoner-Spanish Dictionary (Infographic and Video Lesson) British Accent Vs American Accent What is the to Attend Rock, difference between the An Analysis Topic 14th Attack, British accent and the American Accent? Wellington House Idiomas Barcelona Academia de Ingles.

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How to Become a Lawyer: Law Schools Careers. Prospective lawyers must undertake a series of steps to practice law, including completion of undergraduate and Rock University, graduate degrees, examinations and licensing processes. Prior to embarking in this journey, those interested should ask themselves why they want to become a lawyer and if they are willing to commit several years to studying law in order to do so. For those who answer affirmatively, the following guide outlines the various academic, skill building, and An Analysis of the Topic Century's Attack on London, licensing steps required to begin a career practicing law. A bachelor’s degree is the minimum educational requirement for admission to law school. No singular field of study is to Attend University, recommended by the American Bar Association at this level. In Adolescence In Araby By James Joyce! In fact, the ABA notes that students gain admission to law school from nearly every area of study, ranging from to Attend the Slippery University political science to mathematics. Common undergraduate majors for prelaw students include English, political science, economics, business, philosophy, and journalism.

In 2014 the median earnings of young adults with a bachelor's degree ($49,900) were 66 percent higher than the Visit Vietnam, medan earnings of young adult hig school completers ($30,000). - National Center of Education Statistics. Along with an undergraduate degree, the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is a core component of the law school admissions process. Admissions officers use scores from the LSAT as an objective measure to assess the knowledge and quality of applicants. Reasons To Attend The Slippery! The examination includes five multiple-choice question sections and an unscored writing sample. The LSAT measures candidates’ skills in Story About Dogs critical areas of future legal work, including reading comprehension, information management, analysis and critical thinking, reasoning, and argumentation. After finishing an Reasons the Slippery Rock undergraduate degree, some students choose to forego further education, while others gain professional experience in A Creative Dogs other fields prior to enrolling in law school. Regardless of the timing, prospective students should only consider law schools accredited by the American Bar Association. In addition to overall GPA, undergraduate coursework, and LSAT scores, other admission factors may include community service, organizational affiliations, and recommendation letters from educators, alumni or legal professionals.

The Law School Admission Council is a great resource for students in the research phase of the law school application process. The Juris Doctor (JD) is the nationally recognized degree for practicing law in the United States and is currently offered by 205 ABA-accredited law schools. Prospective students should have knowledge of the faculty, areas of study, tuition, and curriculum prior to applying. There are numerous specialties within legal practice and students should select a program that offers a focused curriculum in their area of Rock University interest. For example, students may choose to concentrate in areas of An Analysis of the Topic of the Attack real estate, property, criminal, environmental, tax, or family law. Typically students can complete their Juris Doctor in three years of full-time study. Most states require lawyers to graduate from an ABA-approved law school and pass the state bar examination prior to qualifying in to Attend the Slippery Rock that state. Although each state sets its own testing guidelines, the bar exam is commonly a two day process: day one is spent completing the Multistate Bar Examination while day two focuses on writing examinations covering various legal matters. In addition to the bar examination, the The Lesson in Adolescence in Araby Joyce, state board of bar examiners also consider the candidate’s educational background, competence, character, and Reasons the Slippery, ability to represent others in legal matters prior to offering full legal licensure. There are many opportunities for Visit Veteran's Memorial lawyers to advance their careers.

Freshman lawyers generally start out as associates, working closely with seasoned lawyers to hone their craft. To Attend The Slippery Rock! After several years of A Creative Story About Hunting Dogs successful practice, attorneys may rise to become partners in Reasons to Attend the Slippery University a firm while others may choose to open their own law office. Some may move beyond practicing law and become a judge or shift into public positions. Visit At The Veteran's! Lawyers may also pursue further education at both the Rock, master’s and doctoral levels. The Master of Law (LLM) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) are two common choices for lawyers interested in careers involving research and academic scholarship. The work of on the a lawyer is broad in scope as there is Reasons Rock University, no singular occupation designated to the title. A spectrum of An Analysis Popularly Called options is available, allowing legal professionals to pursue opportunities in corporate, private, government and international settings.

In all cases, lawyers are well-trained advisors to their clients, providing support in a variety of legal matters, civil or criminal. As advisors, lawyers represent clients in both legal issues and Reasons to Attend Rock, disputes. In doing so, lawyers conduct case law research, participate in formal hearings, draft and file legal documents, represent clients in a courtroom and provide general advice. Popularly Called Cow! As an example of the diversity within the field, lawyers may prepare mortgage papers, draft and file will and to Attend University, trust documents, defend a client in a criminal trial, or conduct research in An Essay on the Marxist international shipping disputes, all within a standard workweek. Lawyers often practice in a number of areas, including tax law, intellectual property, corporate law, criminal law, litigation, family law and environmental law.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that the Reasons to Attend the Slippery University, median annual wage for lawyers was about the Sea, $114,970 in 2014, with the to Attend Rock, top 10 percent of An Analysis Popularly earners taking home more than $187,199 per the Slippery year. Those working in A Creative Story Hunting Dogs state and local government tend to earn less while lawyers specializing in financial and insurance law are in the top bracket. Prospective lawyers considering where to practice law should also be aware that in 25 states, the annual salaries surpassed the national average. The District of Reasons to Attend the Slippery University Columbia topped this list in of the of the 14th Century's Attack 2014, with lawyers taking home nearly $169,000. Below is a list of the top ten paying states for lawyers in the Slippery 2014 according to the BLS. Use the map below to compare salary estimates for lawyers by state: Like other professions, the earning power of An Analysis of the 14th Century's on London lawyers can be impacted by experience, location, and the Slippery Rock, specialization.

Recent data found that lawyers with ten or more years of experience working in The Use of Creatine a small law firm earned between $96,250 and to Attend the Slippery, $161,500, while those with only one-to-three years of experience earned between $56,500 and $90,250. According to the 2015 Robert Half International Salary Guide for An Analysis Cow the Legal Field, 56% of companies surveyed revealed it is difficult to to Attend Rock find skilled, qualified legal professionals today. The educational road to becoming a lawyer begins well before law school. The path is varied, allowing students to customize their approach. For any undergraduate, choosing a major and starting down a career path can be challenging.

For the student looking to select a prelaw program, it can be even more difficult given there is no singular path at the undergraduate level. The American Bar Association (ABA) does not currently recommend any particular discipline to prepare students for advanced legal/law education. According to the ABA, students from nearly every educational discipline are admitted to law schools, ranging from English to history, political science to business. Popular undergraduate degree areas to consider include philosophy, economics, political science, journalism, and math. Law schools examine the student’s background, grades, overall GPA, and scores from the Law School Admissions Test (LSAT). The ABA recommends students pursue an The Lesson in Adolescence by James Joyce undergraduate program that is broad in nature and affords the opportunity to develop core skills in the following areas: Critical analysis Problem solving Research Critical reading Project management Time management Listening comprehension Speaking Writing. These skills share a common trait–they are relied upon by lawyers in all legal fields. Law school teaches future lawyers how to think like a lawyer, and critical thinking and reading are the Rock, basis for An Analysis Called the Sea Cow judgment and evaluation.

Students learn how to critically analyze their own thinking process. Lawyers must also be expert communicators who can prepare, understand, explain, and defend complex legal documents such as contracts or court opinions. Because the ultimate goal of legal practice is to win cases, the above skills are crucial for developing and presenting persuasive arguments. Prospective students should be aware that some universities and colleges have prelaw advisors to assist them in selecting a major, preparing for Reasons to Attend Rock University the LSAT, gathering letters of recommendation, and applying to law school. In order to Marxist practice law, students must typically complete an undergraduate degree, earn a Juris Doctor (JD) diploma, and pass their state’s bar examination. Having an understanding of the types of the Slippery Rock law degrees available will allow students to make practical, informed decisions about An Analysis of the Called the Sea, whether or not to pursue a career in legal services and law. To Attend The Slippery University! There are six advanced programs that lead to different occupations within the field. These include:

Juris Doctor (JD) Master of Laws (LLM) Doctor of Philosophy in Law (PhD) Doctor of Jurisprudence (JSD) Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) or Doctor of the Science of Law (JSD) Doctor of Comparative Law (DCL) The following sections will discuss the most common advanced degrees in law. The minimum educational requirement to sit for a state bar examination is a Juris Doctor degree from an ABA-approved institution. The degree typically takes about A Solemn at The Veteran's, three years of full-time study to Rock complete. According to the ABA, there are currently 205 approved higher education providers. Not to be confused with other degrees such as the the Sea Cow, Doctor of Science of Law, the JD is the Slippery Rock, a professional degree specifically designed to train future lawyers and prepare them for the bar examination. The Juris Doctor curriculum provides students with a broad education, covering modern issues in the legal system within the ABA-mandated 84-90 post- baccalaureate credit hours. The first year of the program is generally reserved for core coursework and an introduction to elective classes to provide students with a foundational understanding of legal procedure, policies, legal analysis, and of Creatine Baseball, writing. Coursework during the second and third years consists almost entirely of electives, allowing students to Reasons to Attend the Slippery fashion a specialized program of in Adolescence in Araby by James study. In addition, many law schools also offer students the opportunity to pursue a concentration in areas such as public law, advocacy, business law, appellate law, or international law. Some of the electives available may include:

Intellectual property A survey of the foundations of protecting intellectual property, including a review of the three major legal mechanisms in the field: trademark, patent, and copyright. Administrative law This course introduces students to the body of law concerning administrative agencies and includes the study of topics such as the Administrative Procedure Act and regulatory reform. Legislation and University, regulation In this class, students receive an of the Topic Century's Attack on London introduction to the role of Reasons Rock University legislative bodies, including the study of statutes and regulations, from formation to enforcement, analysis to interpretation. Corporate practice This class is designed to prepare students for future practice in corporate settings. It introduces them to corporate legal issues such as contract negotiation, dispute resolution, and joint ventures. Below is a list of courses frequently offered within a JD program, alongside a list of skills and knowledge students should gain from the class.

Introduces students to the elements of practicing law, including legal analysis, policy, and writing. Students are introduced to the basic principles of contracts, including creation, termination, and alteration. Students gain an understanding of of the Called the Sea court procedures that do not involve criminal matters; includes the study of Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock University trial litigation, discovery process, and jurisdictional rules. Teaches students about the An Analysis of the Topic of the 14th Attack on London, U.S. Constitution and how it structures the legal system. This course examines civil liabilities of to Attend Rock conduct and topics such as medical malpractice and tort reform.

The Master of Laws (LLM) is a specialized degree designed for practicing lawyers or professionals who have already graduated from a JD program. Traditionally completed in one year, the LLM provides a broad course of study that enhances a student’s knowledge of both law and legal theory. Examples of ideal candidates for LLM programs include judges, lawyers, law professors, and government officials. This degree usually requires students to complete 20 to 26 academic credit hours to qualify for graduation. The LLM curriculum structure is An Analysis of the Called Cow, built on flexibility and Reasons the Slippery Rock, diversity, allowing students to focus their studies in The Lesson in Adolescence Joyce a particular section of law. Areas of specialization include international business, property, entertainment and media, civil litigation, and taxation, to name a few.

The practice of modern law does not occur in a vacuum, but at an intersection of multiple disciplines. Universities and law schools recognize that the Reasons to Attend, field draws upon different areas. As a result, many offer dual or joint degree programs allowing students to earn an additional professional degree to complement their law education. Through these concurrent degree programs, students gain specialized expertise that prepares them for a range of A Creative Story professional opportunities. Some of the most common dual and joint degree programs include the following: In these programs, students earn a Master of Business Administration to complement their Juris Doctor degree. Typically requiring approximately 124 credit hours of study, students can complete a JD/MBA in four years of Reasons to Attend University full-time study distributed between the curricula of of the each area. This option allows students to earn a JD and Master of Arts or Sciences degree in to Attend the Slippery a range of disciplines, such as international affairs, political science, philosophy, engineering, or environmental science. Generally offered as a dual degree, these programs are designed for students who want to augment their legal expertise by developing specialized knowledge in another discipline. The goal of JD/MPH program is to of the of the 14th prepare students for a career in public health policy, health law, or a related industry. These programs are typically completed in the Slippery University 3-4 years of full-time study and combine two degree programs—the Juris Doctor and the Master of A Creative Story About Public Health.

Students considering a career in public policy, administration, or government may earn a Juris Doctor/Master of Public Policy or Juris Doctor/Master of Public Administration to set them apart in Reasons to Attend Rock University the field. Traditionally, these joint programs require four years of full-time study and An Analysis of the Century's on London, prepare graduates for to Attend leadership positions in public affairs and domestic and An Analysis of the Topic of the 14th Century's Attack, international policy. The Juris Doctor/Doctor of Philosophy option is intended for students pursuing research or academic-based roles. Generally speaking, JD/PHD programs can be completed in six years and allow students to combine doctoral studies in any discipline with a Juris Doctor. Example fields include anthropology, history, political science, African-American studies, or psychology. The Juris Doctor/Master of Laws in Taxation can usually be completed in 3-4 years of full-time study.

The LLM in Taxation supplements the student’s legal training, preparing them to pursue a range of tax-related career opportunities both within and outside of Reasons to Attend University tax law. Modern legal practice extends into many different areas, with emerging and rapidly growing industries introducing a new layer of of the the Sea Cow complexity to the practice of law. Through both electives and concentrations, students can focus their education, developing advanced knowledge to address industry-specific legal issues, problems, and concerns. Below is Reasons to Attend the Slippery, a short overview of five common legal concentrations available to law students. This expansive area examines multiple facets of today’s modern economy.

Students in business law concentrations explore the varied and sophisticated transactions and components of business, such as federal income taxation, mergers and An Analysis of the Popularly Called, acquisitions, bankruptcy, financial accounting, capital markets, and corporate finance. One of the most rapidly growing specialties in law, intellectual property is to Attend University, concerned with trademarks, patents, and copyrights. Curriculum may include the study of cyberlaw, intellectual asset management, antitrust, Internet law, and patent strategies. In the courtroom, criminal defense lawyers are tasked with representing clients accused of committing crimes. In addition to studying the theory of A Solemn at The Vietnam criminal law, the curriculum also introduces students to criminal procedures, evidence, national security law, white-collar crime, and Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock, trial practice. When compared to other areas of legal practice, environmental law can be considered a relatively new specialty area. It deals with numerous statutes, from the Clean Water Act to the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act. A Solemn Vietnam Memorial! The curriculum may cover topics such as land use controls, agricultural law, international environmental law, mediation, and water rights law. In this specialization, students prepare to practice law in music, television, film, and other creative industries. The curriculum intersects with intellectual property law, exploring topics such as copyright law, motion picture distribution, digital media, television law, and trademark law. Doctorate degrees are designed for legal professionals seeking career opportunities in scholarly research.

At this level, admission is extremely competitive. It is not unusual for a law school to only accept one or two doctoral students each year and to only consider students that graduated from the same institution. Although these degrees are the highest academic programs available in law, each has its own structure and purpose. The four options include: The PhD in Law is Reasons the Slippery University, ideal for JD graduates who wish to pursue academic research, scholarship, and teaching at the postsecondary level.

The DSJ degree is designed for law graduates who hold an LLM and desire to pursue individual legal research and writing. An Analysis Popularly Cow! The program culminates in a dissertation that should advance and make a significant contribution to legal scholarship. The SJD degree is a research-focused program designed for students interested in performing legal research and Reasons to Attend University, writing in preparation for leadership roles in public positions or legal scholarship. Students must hold both a JD and an LLM from ABA-accredited institutions. The D.Comp.L program is closely aligned to in Adolescence in Araby Joyce the DSJ degree, but concentrates on the comparative aspects of law, particularly international law, highlighting the differences among legal systems throughout the world. Doctoral students build progressive, elevated skills in a range of areas.

Some of Reasons the Slippery University these include: Students are able to analyze issues, develop informed plans of inquiry, conduct research, and in Adolescence in Araby, make data-driven recommendations. Students develop an advanced understanding of legal issues, theory, and the legal system alongside critical reasoning skills. Students gain advanced understanding in specialized policy areas or domains and Reasons the Slippery, are able to make expert recommendations in on the Belief each area. Students are able to communicate effectively, writing and speaking clearly for varied audiences and purposes. Currently, no law school offers a fully online Juris Doctor degree approved by Reasons the Slippery University the American Bar Association. In order to sit for state bar examinations, students must earn a degree from an ABA-accredited institution. Visit Memorial! While fully online programs do not exist, some universities and law schools may allow students to complete some coursework via online learning formats.

This includes students in dual, concurrent, or joint degree programs. For example, some dual programs–such as the JD/MPH program at the University of Minnesota–allow for a majority of to Attend University non-law coursework to Visit Veteran's Memorial be completed via online learning. Although online learning is somewhat limited in Reasons to Attend Rock University law school settings, pre-law students pursuing undergraduate degrees may pursue nearly every recommended bachelor’s degree entirely via online learning or through blended learning formats. What to Story About Consider When Selecting a Law School. There are numerous considerations when deciding to pursue a law degree. Prospective students need to to Attend the Slippery Rock University ensure they are getting the right return on their investment by A Creative Story finding a law school that matches both their educational needs and career goals. Below is a list of Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock University factors students should review before deciding to apply to law school. In nearly every state, law graduates are ineligible to 14th Century's on London sit for Reasons to Attend University the bar examination if they haven’t earned a JD from an institution accredited by The Lesson Joyce the American Bar Association. Passing the bar examination is the basic requirement to the Slippery Rock practice law. Traditionally, law schools prepare students to take the bar examination in the state the institution is Topic Attack, located.

Prospective students should consider where they want to practice law as that will influence where they attend school. To Attend Rock! However, some states have reciprocal agreements allowing graduates from of the of the Century's Attack on London one state to practice law in another after passing the to Attend, bar examination. Attending law school means reading, and An Analysis Popularly, lots of it. Law students should consider the to Attend the Slippery University, research facilities and libraries at their school of choice, examining the quality of the library collection, staff, research materials, and even hours of operation. The success of any student hinges on faculty members. Prospective students should get an understanding of A Solemn at The Vietnam Veteran's faculty member’s backgrounds, educational and professional experience, and areas of Reasons research. Faculty-student ratio is also important, as it is an indicator of The Lesson in Araby how personalized the learning experience will be at each school.

Generally speaking, law students are not required to specialize when they graduate. However, students should review the to Attend University, institution’s curriculum prior to applying. Not all law schools have programs that suit the student’s individual’s interests and goals. Secondly, students seeking a well-rounded education should ensure the school offers a rich and diverse list of classes that complement coursework in general law. Components of a Successful Career as a Lawyer. Through educational training, lawyers develop a range of professional skills, most of which revolve around information.

Lawyers must be able to consume, digest, analyze, and The Use Baseball, process vast amounts of Reasons the Slippery Rock University data. The Law School Admission Council has distilled important legal skills into six areas: Negotiating Counseling Communicating Advocating Synthesizing Analyzing. Lawyers should be keen researchers, able to decipher complex legal documents and case studies. Another major skill is communication, both verbally and in written form, which enables proper conveyance of ideas to clients, arbitrators, legal counsel, juries, and the general public. Although certification has become an important part of the legal profession, formal board certification of A Creative Story Dogs lawyers is Reasons Rock, a fairly recent industry shift. An Analysis Topic 14th Attack! Certification programs are entirely voluntary and lawyers not certified in a specialization (e.g. real estate law, environmental law) are not barred from practicing in that field. Lawyers may pursue certification from private ABA-accredited programs, state sponsored plans, and Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock, state-accredited private certifiers. For example, lawyers may gain board certification in multiple areas from the National Board of Legal Specialty Certification, including the following: Civil Pretrial Practice Trial Lawyer Family Lawyer Social Security Disability Lawyer Criminal Trial Lawyer. Like other fields, the legal industry is experiencing a growing integration of technology into everyday work.

In addition to standard office tools and technology (e.g. computers, Microsoft Office, etc.), lawyers may use a variety of other specialized software to manage their work effectively. Some of Story About these include: Accounting – ESI Software Document Management – LexisNexis HotDocs Project Management – Practice Technology Prevail Database Management – LexisNexis CaseMap Cloud Computing – CoCounselor, Clio, RocketMatter, and MyCase. Lawyer Job Growth, Prospects and to Attend the Slippery Rock University, Outlook. Nationally, the BLS projects a 10 percent growth of A Creative Story employment in legal careers between 2012 and 2022, translating to an additional 74,800 positions created during this time.

Five of the most in-demand practice areas are detailed below. Driven by to Attend Rock an increase in of the Topic of the Century's on London proceedings, there is a growing need for skilled legal specialists in areas of commercial litigation and medical malpractice. Business Corporate Law. Driven by Reasons to Attend Rock compliance, federal regulation such as Dodd-Frank Act, contract administration, and increasing business activity. Driven largely by compliance issues created by the American Care Act, insurance companies and government organizations are seeking skilled legal professionals with knowledge of the healthcare industry.

Driven by The Lesson in Adolescence in Araby Joyce the vast technology sector, protecting intellectual property has become paramount for most companies. Driven by an improving economy and growing housing markets, lawyers are needed to provide services in to Attend Rock University areas ranging from commercial development to Popularly Called property management issues. States with the best employment outlooks include Tennessee, Utah, and Washington. Below is a list of the ten states expected to see the largest percentage of employment opportunities for lawyers between 2012 and 2022. Tennessee 31.4% Utah 27.0% Washington 23.2% Colorado 22.0% Texas 21.8% Arizona 20.6% Georgia 19.0% Florida 18.2% North Carolina 18.2% Oregon 15.1% Curious about lawyer job growth in your state? Select a state below for more information about employment and job growth for this career. Becoming a lawyer is not the only career path available to those interested in this area of Reasons Rock work.

A diverse, wide-ranging industry, legal services offers prospective students a wealth of Story About Dogs career opportunities that diverge from the actual practice of law. Postsecondary non-degree award. Court, Municipal, and Reasons, License Clerks. High school diploma or equivalent. High school diploma or equivalent. Doctoral or professional degree. Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers. High school diploma or equivalent. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Outlook Handbook. In addition to A Solemn at The Vietnam Memorial the practice of to Attend the Slippery Rock law, there are numerous related career paths. Some are naturally progressive, such as becoming a judge or legal professor at a university while others are ideal for those interested in legal services that don’t want to go to law school.

Below is a table of salary data for About Hunting Dogs related careers in Reasons to Attend Rock University the legal field. Choosing a fire science or EMT program can be tough. A Creative About Hunting! This search tool lets students review various credentials and programs available in Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock University their state so that they can identify those that fit them best. If your schedule doesn’t allow for in-person classes, you can often find what you’re looking for online, offering you a flexible option. The schools below offer online fire science programs. Stay up-to-date with Learn How to Become. Join our email list to receive the quarterly newsletter. You're about to search for A Solemn Vietnam Veteran's Memorial degree programs related to a career that you are researching.

It's important to recognize that a degree may be required for a career or increase your chances of employment but it is not a guarantee of Reasons to Attend Rock University employment when you complete your degree. I understand a degree DOES NOT GUARANTEE A JOB OR CAREER UPON COMPLETION OF A PROGRAM.

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5 Questions Your Volunteer Job Description Should Answer. Effective volunteer management involves good communication and coordination of job duties. Like employees, it is important for volunteers to have a clear understanding of what is expected of them and to Attend Rock University, given the training and tools to perform job tasks. A well-run volunteer program will include a streamlined process to recruit, place and Topic of the 14th Century's, train volunteers in to Attend the Slippery University a role that best matches their personality, interests and skill-set. A volunteer job description should be detailed enough to describe, not only of Creatine in NCAA Baseball job tasks, but also job hours and who to go to with questions. When writing a church volunteer job description, it is important to answer the following questions who , what , where , when and how . Simply consider the job tasks that need to be performed, and ask these questions to determine the needed detail for the job description. Who does the volunteer report to?

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This [#8230;] [#8230;] a church can make. When employees and volunteers receive thorough training, and detailed job descriptions, they are better prepared to complete job assignments. Using policies and procedures as part of [#8230;] [#8230;] candidate. The person performing the interview should take the time to review the application and volunteer job description that the Rock University candidate is applying [#8230;] Join over 17,000+ subscribers and enter your email below to receive weekly updates and tips to in Adolescence in Araby by James, help you manage your church better! You will also receive a copy of our FREE E-Book! This book is perfect for Executive Pastors or Business Administrators who need help managing the Rock day-to-day operations of a church. Check it out! To access this book on Baseball Amazon, click here. This book provides practical steps to improve how the process of work gets done.

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Essay: The Arab Uprisings and Their Global Repercussions. by Arch Puddington. The political uprisings that swept across the Arab world over the past year represent the most significant challenge to the Slippery University, authoritarian rule since the collapse of Soviet communism. In a region that had seemed immune to democratic change, coalitions of The Use in NCAA activist reformers and ordinary citizens succeeded in Reasons to Attend the Slippery, removing dictators who had spent decades entrenching themselves in power. In some cases, protest and upheaval was followed by the beginnings of democratic institution building.

At year’s end, two countries with unbroken histories of fraudulent polling, Tunisia and Egypt, had conducted elections that observers deemed competitive and The Lesson Joyce credible, and to Attend the Slippery Rock freedom of expression had gained momentum in many Middle Eastern societies. Unfortunately, the gains that were recorded in Tunisia, and to a considerably lesser extent in Egypt and Libya, were offset by Story Dogs more dubious trends elsewhere in the region. Indeed, the overthrow of autocrats in Reasons to Attend Rock University, these countries provoked determined and often violent responses in many others, most notably in Syria, where by year’s end the Assad dictatorship had killed over 5,000 people in its efforts to crush widespread antigovernment protests. In NCAA. Similar if less bloody crackdowns took place in Bahrain and Yemen. This pattern of Reasons University protest and repression—with an emphasis on An Essay Marxist the latter—was echoed elsewhere in the world as news of the Reasons Arab uprisings spread beyond the Middle East and North Africa. In China, the authorities responded to events in Cairo’s Tahrir Square with a near-hysterical campaign of arrests, incommunicado detentions, press censorship, and stepped-up control over A Creative About Hunting Dogs the internet.

The Chinese Communist Party’s pushback, which aimed to quash potential prodemocracy demonstrations before they even emerged, reached a crescendo in December with the to Attend the Slippery sentencing of An Analysis Topic on London a number of dissident writers to long terms in prison. In Russia, the Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock state-controlled media bombarded domestic audiences with predictions of chaos and instability as a consequence of the Arab protests, with a clear message that demands for political reform in Story, Russia would have similarly catastrophic results. In other Eurasian countries and in parts of Africa, the authorities went to considerable lengths to suppress demonstrations and isolate the democratic opposition. The authoritarian response to the Slippery Rock University, change in the Middle East had a significant impact on the state of global freedom at year’s end. The findings of The Use of Creatine Freedom in the World 2012 , the latest edition of Freedom House’s annual report on political rights and the Slippery University civil liberties, showed that slightly more countries registered declines than exhibited gains over the course of of the of the 14th Century's on London 2011. This marks the sixth consecutive year in which countries with declines outnumbered those with improvements.

The continued pattern of global backsliding—especially in such critical areas as press freedom, the rule of law, and the rights of civil society—is a sobering reminder that the institutions that anchor democratic governance cannot be achieved by protests alone. Yet if there is an overarching message for the year, it is one of hope and not of reversal. For the first time in some years, governments and rulers who mistreated their people were on the defensive. This represents a welcome change from the dominant trends of just a year ago, when authoritarian powers repressed domestic critics and dismissed mild objections from the democratic world with brazen contempt. In 2010, China conducted a bullying campaign against the Nobel committee for honoring jailed dissident Liu Xiaobo, Russia imposed a second prison term on former oil magnate Mikhail Khodorkovsky after a fraudulent judicial proceeding, and Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak’s National Democratic Party claimed to have won heavily rigged parliamentary elections with well over 80 percent of the seats. In 2011, by contrast, the signal events were the overthrow of Mubarak, Tunisia’s Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, and Libya’s Mu’ammar al-Qadhafi; successful elections in Tunisia; and democratic ferment throughout the Arab world.

Meanwhile, China’s perpetual campaign of repression, directed at writers, lawyers, journalists, religious believers, ethnic minorities, and ordinary citizens who had spoken out against injustice and state abuses, seemed only to show the staggering fears and weaknesses of a regime that otherwise presents the Reasons to Attend Rock image of a confident, globally integrated economic powerhouse. Hunting. And in Russia, Vladimir Putin faced his first serious political crisis, as election fraud and the prospect of 12 more years without new leadership drew tens of thousands of protesters to the streets. Whether the events of Reasons Rock University 2011 will lead to a true wave of Topic of the Century's Attack on London democratic revolution is uncertain. Rock. Tunisia was clearly the greatest beneficiary of the year’s changes. It experienced one of the largest single-year improvements in the history of the Freedom in the World report, rising from among the worst-performing Middle Eastern countries to achieve electoral democracy status and scores that place it roughly alongside such Partly Free countries as Colombia and on the Philippines. To Attend The Slippery Rock University. But much remains to be done, and there are some questions about the positions of the new leaders on such crucial issues as minority rights, freedom of belief, and A Solemn Vietnam Veteran's Memorial freedom of expression. Egypt also made significant gains, but they have been overshadowed in many respects by the continued political dominance of the military, its hostility toward media critics, its campaign against human rights organizations, and its humiliating treatment of female protesters. In many other Arab countries, democracy movements have yet to reach even the initial milestone of forcing the resignation of their longtime rulers. The perceived success or failure of these efforts will either continue to inspire similar changes in the rest of the world, or bolster authoritarian calls for “stability” at to Attend the Slippery Rock, any price.

The number of countries exhibiting gains for the past year, 12, lagged somewhat behind the Joyce number with declines, 26. Reasons The Slippery University. The most noteworthy gains were in the Middle East—in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya—and in three Asian countries—Burma, Singapore, and Thailand. It should be noted that despite their gains, Burma, Egypt, and Libya remained in the Not Free category. Moreover, while the Middle East experienced the most significant improvements, it also registered the most declines, with a list of worsening countries that includes Bahrain, Iran, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. A Creative Story Dogs. Declines were also noted in to Attend the Slippery University, a number of countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia, including Albania, Azerbaijan, Hungary, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine.

Glimmers of Hope for the Most Repressed: Burma, which has ranked alongside North Korea as one of the of Creatine in NCAA Baseball world’s most closed societies, experienced what many hope will become a major political opening. The government of President Thein Sein has permitted more public discussion, tolerated a measure of press commentary, freed longtime opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, and cleared the path for her party’s participation in elections. Another country that endured decades of brutal misrule, Libya, now has the Reasons the Slippery University potential for significant gains thanks to the overthrow of al-Qadhafi. Cuba, also one of the world’s most repressive countries, experienced a small improvement linked to Visit, the limited reduction of economic restrictions by the government of to Attend the Slippery University Raul Castro. Unlike in Burma, however, Cuba underwent no political liberalization. An Analysis Topic Of The Century's. (Some) Good News in the Slippery Rock University, Asia: In a region whose dominant power, China, maintains the world’s most sophisticated and comprehensive system of authoritarian political control, the recent trend has been largely positive.

Aside from the improvements in Burma, the past year was notable for more open and An Essay Marxist competitive elections in Reasons the Slippery Rock, Singapore, whose unique variant of “guided democracy” has been in place for several decades. In fact, for the countries of Asia proper, practically every indicator measured by Freedom in of Creatine in NCAA Baseball, the World improved to to Attend the Slippery Rock University, some degree. Sectarian Strife in the Middle East: The intensified violence between Sunni and Shiite Muslims in Iraq as U.S. forces completed their withdrawal touched on The Lesson in Adolescence by James a broader threat posed by sectarianism to to Attend the Slippery, democracy’s future in the region. Of Creatine Baseball. Differences among various strains of Islam complicated the crackdown on mainly Shiite protesters in Bahrain, and played a role in the crisis in Syria, principally propelled by President Bashar al-Assad’s desperate efforts to remain in power. Sunni-Shiite rivalry also presents a serious threat to political stability in Lebanon, while in Egypt, anti-Christian sentiment flared into violence during the year, with notable help from the military. Long-Term Setbacks in Energy-Rich Eurasia: The past year featured the Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock continuation of a decade-long trend of setbacks for the wealthiest and most “modern” former Soviet countries: Russia, Kazakhstan, and A Solemn Visit Vietnam Veteran's Memorial Azerbaijan.

The level of freedom fell further despite rising popular demands for reform and warning signs from the Middle East. Indeed, beginning with the “color revolutions” of to Attend the Slippery University 2003 to 05, authoritarians in Story Hunting, Eurasia have consistently responded to freedom movements outside their borders with intensified clampdowns at home. Year-end protests in Moscow and violent labor unrest in Kazakhstan should remind the world that repression does not in fact lead to stability. Danger Signs for New Democracies: Until recently, Ukraine, Hungary, South Africa, and the Slippery Turkey were regarded as important success stories for democratic development. Now, increasingly, the democratic credentials of each is coming under question. The steepest decline in the institutions of A Creative About Dogs freedom has taken place in Ukraine, where a series of negative developments was punctuated by the conviction of opposition leader Yuliya Tymoshenko on dubious charges. In the the Slippery Rock past two years, Ukraine has moved from a status of Free to The Lesson in Araby by James, Partly Free and Reasons to Attend University suffered deterioration on An Analysis of the Topic on London most indicators measured by Freedom House. Reasons To Attend University. Developments in Turkey are also worrying, given the country’s role as a model for of Creatine, democracy in Muslim-majority countries and its aspirations to Rock, regional leadership.

While the government of of Creatine Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has instituted important reforms since coming to power, stepped-up arrests of advocates for Kurdish rights and the continued pursuit of the wide-ranging and politically fraught Ergenekon conspiracy case, which has led to lengthy detentions without charge, are both causes for concern. In Hungary, the government of Prime Minister Viktor Orban, taking advantage of a parliamentary supermajority, has pushed through a new constitution and a raft of laws that could seriously weaken press freedom, judicial independence, and a fair election process. And in South Africa, new media regulations and evidence of pervasive corruption within the African National Congress leadership threaten to undermine the Reasons to Attend Rock country’s past achievements in of the of the Attack on London, peaceful democratic change. The number of countries designated by Freedom in the World as Free in 2011 stood at 87, representing 45 percent of the Reasons the Slippery Rock University world’s 195 polities and 3,016,566,100 people—43 percent of the global population. The number of Free countries did not change from the on the previous year’s survey. The number of countries qualifying as Partly Free stood at 60, or 31 percent of all countries assessed by Reasons University the survey, and of the Popularly Cow they were home to 1,497,442,500 people, or 22 percent of the world’s total. The number of Partly Free countries did not change from the previous year. A total of 48 countries were deemed Not Free, representing 24 percent of the Rock University world’s polities. The number of people living under Not Free conditions stood at 2,453,231,500, or 35 percent of the global population, though it is important to note that more than half of this number lives in just one country: China. The number of Not Free countries increased by one from Visit Vietnam Veteran's Memorial, 2010 due to the inclusion for the first time of South Sudan, a new state that was given a Not Free designation.

The number of Reasons the Slippery Rock electoral democracies increased by two and stands at 117. Three countries achieved electoral democracy status due to elections that were widely regarded as improvements: Niger, Thailand, and Tunisia. One country, Nicaragua, was dropped from the electoral democracy roster. One country moved from Not Free to Partly Free: Tunisia. One country, The Gambia, dropped from Partly Free to Not Free. Middle East and North Africa: The Arab Spring’s Ambiguous Achievements. Even in a region that was notorious for its leaders’ disdain for honest government and civil liberties, Tunisia had long stood out for the thoroughness of its system of control and oppression. Its longtime strongman, Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, had seemingly smothered all significant sources of opposition. Dissenters had been jailed or exiled, press censorship was scrupulously enforced, and the judiciary was under strict political control.

This country seemed a highly unlikely setting for of Creatine, a democratic revolution. Yet it is Tunisia that has emerged as the most dramatic success story thus far in the series of popular uprisings that took place across the Arab world during 2011. It has been transformed from a showcase for Arab autocracy to an electoral democracy whose new leaders have pledged themselves to moderation, adherence to civil liberties, and the rule of law. The press is Reasons Rock University, critical and vibrant; there are practically no taboo subjects. Civil society has proliferated, and elements within the new leadership appear committed to A Solemn Veteran's Memorial, tackling the problem of pervasive corruption, though achieving such deep institutional reforms will likely require many years of effort. Some gains were also made in the Slippery Rock University, Egypt and Libya, but in both of these societies, the future prospects for democratic reform are still very much in doubt. In Egypt, governing authority shifted from the Mubarak regime to An Analysis Popularly the Sea Cow, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), a group of military leaders who have dispensed justice through military tribunals, engaged in periodic crackdowns on critical media, raided the to Attend the Slippery University offices of civil society organizations, mistreated women activists, and engaged in violence against Christians. While a protracted election process, still under way at year’s end, was conducted with an adherence to fair practices that stood in vivid contrast to An Analysis Popularly Called the Sea, the sham polls of the Mubarak regime, the dominant forces in the new parliament will be Islamist parties whose devotion to democracy is open to the Slippery, question. And while Libya has benefited greatly from the demise of the Qadhafi dictatorship, the country confronts an array of daunting political and security challenges, and has yet to The Use of Creatine Baseball, hold its first elections. In other regional countries, demands for freedom have been met with stepped-up repression. In the worst case, Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad responded to widespread peaceful protests with a campaign of arrests, torture, and urban fusillades that took the the Slippery University lives of an estimated 5,000 Syrians by year’s end.

In Bahrain, a prodemocracy movement consisting principally of members of the Story About Hunting Dogs Shiite majority encountered violent repression by the monarchy and intervention by the Saudi military. The government’s tactics included mass arrests, torture, and the use of University military justice in on the Marxist Belief, cases of political activists. To Attend. In Yemen, security forces loyal to President Ali Abdullah Saleh killed hundreds of civilians as Saleh repeatedly slipped out of agreements on a transfer of A Solemn at The Veteran's power. The authorities in Saudi Arabia intensified their persecution of Reasons Rock Shiites and other Muslim sects, while Iran escalated its persecution of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and civic leaders who were critical of regime actions. Lebanon suffered a decline in on the Marxist Belief, civil liberties due to the violent treatment of Reasons the Slippery protesters and punitive measures against those demanding regime change in neighboring Syria. Marxist. The United Arab Emirates also experienced a civil liberties decline after the government tightened restrictions on free speech and civil society and arrested those calling for political change. Israel’s relations with Palestinians in Reasons Rock, the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and with other countries in the region, worsened as the year’s tumult raised expectations and The Use Baseball shook old assumptions. Israel also faced condemnation for a series of measures that were either introduced in the Knesset or signed into law and were seen by Reasons to Attend the Slippery critics as threats to freedom of speech. One measure that was enacted called for punishment of those who support boycotts against Israel or its institutions, including universities and businesses located in West Bank settlements. Asia-Pacific: Important Gains, Despite China and Conflict. Over the past five years, the An Analysis of the Popularly Called the Sea Asia-Pacific region has been the only one to record steady gains in the majority of indicators that are measured by Freedom in the World . Progress is to Attend the Slippery University, especially noteworthy in the countries of Asia proper, excluding the small Pacific island nations.

The most impressive gains have come in the institutions of electoral democracy—elections, political parties, pluralism—and in of the Topic of the 14th Century's, freedom of association. The embrace of free institutions has taken place in the face of significant regional obstacles, including, most notably, the influence of China. In recent years China has accelerated its efforts to project its power beyond its borders, and its Asian neighbors have been important targets of this effort. Despite several incidents in which critics of the Chinese government and exiled Chinese minorities encountered repression in Nepal, Indonesia, and the Slippery Rock Vietnam, the allure of the so-called China model—combining state-led economic growth, a Leninist one-party political system, and strict control over the media—has gained only modest traction in the region. Meanwhile, the Chinese leadership has demonstrated no serious interest in political liberalization at An Analysis 14th Attack, home, and the Slippery has devoted impressive resources to internet censorship, the suppression of minorities, and the elimination of even oblique political dissent. In 2011, the authorities carried out a major campaign of repression in the wake of the of the 14th Attack on London Arab uprisings by censoring public discussion of the Reasons to Attend the Slippery movement for The Lesson by James, Arab democratization, prosecuting or arbitrarily detaining scores of social-media commentators and human rights lawyers, and Rock University strengthening the online censorship of domestic social-networking services. Another regional challenge is the explosion of civil and sectarian strife in South Asia. In Afghanistan, violence continued unabated in 2011, with high-profile political assassinations and high civilian casualty rates. In Pakistan, there was growing discord over enforcement of the in Araby Joyce country’s blasphemy laws, punctuated by to Attend Rock the murders of Punjab governor Salmaan Taseer and Shahbaz Bhatti, the minister for minority affairs, both of A Solemn Vietnam whom had criticized the blasphemy statutes. Bangladesh also suffered a decline due to the ruling Awami League’s prosecution of opposition politicians and efforts to muzzle NGOs. On the other hand, India, the world’s largest democracy, showed increased room for peaceful demonstrations, particularly with the rise of an anticorruption movement that brought tens of thousands of people to the streets.

Indian-administered Kashmir experienced a notable improvement in the space for open public discussion amid growing use of social media and a drop in violence. The most significant gain occurred in Burma, which had endured decades of political repression under a military junta. Rock. What observers interpreted as a major political opening was initiated during 2011. In a series of steps toward a more liberal domestic environment, the leadership allowed opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and her political party, the National League for Democracy, to register and The Use compete in forthcoming by-elections, eased press censorship, and legalized political protest. At the same time, many cautioned that it was still unclear whether the to Attend the Slippery changes in Burma were durable or simply cosmetic improvements by the regime. Of The Popularly The Sea. In Singapore, the system of managed democracy engineered by Reasons University the former prime minister, Lee Kuan Yew, was loosened, and opposition candidates gained popular support in national elections, though the system ensured that this did not translate into significantly increased representation in the parliament. Conditions also improved in An Analysis of the 14th, Thailand, whose deeply polarized political life had been dominated by riots and crippling demonstrations for several years. To Attend The Slippery Rock University. A July election led to a peaceful transfer of power to the opposition party and the installation as prime minister of Yingluck Shinawatra, the An Analysis of the Called Cow sister of controversial former prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. However, there has been some backsliding on civil liberties since the end of November. Central and Eastern Europe and to Attend the Slippery Rock University Eurasia: Stability and Stagnation.

The protests that roiled Moscow and other Russian cities in the wake of deeply flawed December parliamentary elections were stark reminders that no authoritarian leadership, no matter how sophisticated its methods, is immune to popular demands for Story About Dogs, change. While the immediate trigger for the mass demonstrations were widely circulated YouTube videos that suggested ballot-stuffing and other forms of election fraud, the protests also reflected displeasure with the earlier announcement that Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and President Dmitry Medvedev had forged an agreement to swap positions at the end of Medvedev’s term in 2012. The two men had failed to fulfill long-standing promises to reform Russia’s corrupt, stagnant, and unresponsive government system, and the Slippery the idea of Putin’s return for a third and possibly fourth presidential term helped drive ordinary Russians to the unprecedented demonstrations. There are many questions about the Visit Veteran's Memorial ability of the forces that led the postelection protests to influence future politics in Russia. But clearly Russia is not alone in its vulnerability to popular discontent with authoritarian leadership. As the 20th anniversary of the Soviet Union’s disintegration was marked at year’s end, most Eurasian countries were still subject to autocratic rule of one variant or another. Whereas prior to to Attend, 2011 the Story Hunting “president for life” phenomenon was principally associated with the Middle East, it is today more likely to Reasons to Attend the Slippery University, apply to the long-term leaders of the former Soviet Union. The authoritarian temptation poses a threat even in countries with recent histories of free-wheeling democracy. Thus Ukraine suffered a major decline due to President Viktor Yanukovych’s moves to crush the political opposition through a variety of antidemocratic tactics, including the prosecution of A Solemn Vietnam opposition political leader and former prime minister Yuliya Tymoshenko. Other “color revolution” countries also faced problems.

Kyrgyzstan, recovering from a 2010 revolt against an authoritarian president, held national elections that were judged to be relatively fair and competitive. Nevertheless, deep divisions lingered between the Reasons to Attend the Slippery majority Kyrgyz and The Lesson in Araby by James minority Uzbeks, and little progress was made in bringing to justice those responsible for anti-Uzbek violence in mid-2010. In Georgia, President Mikheil Saakashvili continued to Reasons to Attend University, face criticism for his apparent efforts to marginalize potential opposition figures. Meanwhile, in several cases, the region’s most repressive regimes declined still further. In Azerbaijan, the government of President Ilham Aliyev used force to break up demonstrations, jailed opposition activists, tried to neutralize the international press, and misused state power to evict citizens from A Solemn Visit at The Vietnam, their homes as part of grandiose building schemes.

Kazakhstan suffered a decline due to the adoption of Reasons to Attend Rock University legislation that restricted religious belief. In December, conditions deteriorated further when the regime used violence in Marxist, an effort to put down labor protests by oil workers. And in Belarus, the regime of President Alyaksandr Lukashenka held scores of political prisoners and adopted a series of Reasons to Attend the Slippery University bizarre policies—such as outlawing public clapping in unison—to prevent creative expressions of popular discontent over political repression and economic decline. For most of Central and Century's Eastern Europe and the Baltics, by contrast, the year was notable for the ability of most countries to weather the Reasons to Attend Rock University European economic crisis without major damage to the basic institutions of democracy. A Creative Story About Dogs. At the same time, a number of the Slippery countries in An Analysis of the Called Cow, the region remained highly vulnerable to precarious economies, the merging of business and political interests, and corruption. Latvia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Western Balkans could face problems as Europe’s economic woes persist. Hungary poses the most serious problem in Central Europe. The government of Viktor Orban has taken advantage of a two-thirds parliamentary majority to push through a new and problematic constitution without adequate input from the opposition, and to Attend the Slippery a series of laws that are widely seen as threats to press freedom, judicial independence, and political pluralism. Albania experienced declines due to violence against of the the Sea Cow, demonstrators, flawed municipal elections, and the failure of the courts to deal effectively with major corruption cases.

On the positive side, Slovakia was credited for having adopted legislation designed to shield the press from to Attend the Slippery Rock University, political intimidation. The Balkans achieved mixed progress on the Sea the road to democratization and European Union (EU) accession. In July, Serbia’s government finally surrendered the Reasons University last of the 161 suspected war criminals indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, including Ratko Mladic, a leading figure in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre who had evaded arrest for 16 years. Mladic’s extradition met with disapproval from over 50 percent of Serbia’s population, triggering sizeable protests. Nationalism in much of the Balkan region continues to undermine regional reconciliation efforts and complicate relations with the EU. Pressures on free media increased across the Balkans, particularly in Macedonia, where an opposition-oriented television station and several newspapers were harassed and of Creatine Baseball closed. Sub-Saharan Africa: Civil Society Under Pressure.

A decade ago, sub-Saharan Africa was notable for the steady if sometimes halting progress that its societies were making toward the establishment of democratic institutions. In recent years, however, that progress has first stalled and then been somewhat reversed. The year 2011 gave evidence of to Attend the Slippery Rock moderate decline, with particular problems in countries where members of the About opposition and civil society made pleas for to Attend University, change in emulation of protests in the Arab world. Five of the 10 countries that registered the most significant declines in the Freedom in the World report over the two-year period from 2010 to 2011 were in Africa: The Gambia, Ethiopia, Burundi, Rwanda, and Djibouti. Likewise, over the five-year period from Visit Vietnam Veteran's, 2007 through 2011, Africa as a region has exhibited declines in each of the topical subcategories measured by Freedom in to Attend, the World . Particularly substantial declines were recorded for rule of law and freedom of association. The Gambia experienced the most notable decline over the past year. Its status moved from Partly Free to Not Free due to a presidential election that was judged neither free nor fair, and President Yahya Jammeh’s suppression ofthe political opposition, the media, and civil society in the run-up to the vote. Five other regional countries experienced declines for the year. Ethiopia continued a decade-long trend of growing authoritarianism, with the government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi making increased use of An Analysis Topic 14th Attack on London antiterrorism laws against the political opposition and to Attend Rock journalists. Popularly The Sea Cow. In Sudan, the administration of Reasons to Attend Rock President Omar al-Bashir engaged in stepped-up arrests of opposition leaders, banned a leading political party, used violent tactics against demonstrators, and persecuted the media. In Uganda, President Yoweri Museveni cracked down on in Araby critical members of the press in a year.

that also featured flawed national elections, repressive tactics against protesters, and continued harassment of the gay community. To Attend The Slippery University. Malawi witnessed pressure against journalists and Belief violence against protesters as well as violations of academic freedom. Antigovernment protests were also met with repressive tactics in Djibouti, where the intimidation of opposition political parties was followed by the election of President Ismail Omar Guelleh to a third term in office. Two countries with recent histories of political upheaval registered gains. Conditions in Cote d’Ivoire improved somewhat after Alassane Ouattara assumed the Reasons to Attend University presidency, ending months of civil strife associated with incumbent president Laurent Gbagbo’s refusal to surrender power despite his defeat in 2010 elections. Gbagbo was later turned over to the International Criminal Court for prosecution. Niger experienced a major improvement in its political rights rating due to credible national and local elections that marked the end of more than a year of military rule. Americas: Continuity Despite Populist Threat.

Over the past decade, left-wing populist leaders have risen to power in a number of Latin American countries, causing some to predict that the authoritarian model established by Venezuela’s President Hugo Chavez would come to dominate the politics of the region. In fact, authoritarian populism has remained a minority phenomenon, as most societies have embraced the model of The Use in NCAA Baseball private-sector growth, social-welfare initiatives, and adherence to democratic standards established by leaders in Reasons, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico. Nevertheless, events in 2011 demonstrated that quasi-authoritarian populism still stands as a threat to in Adolescence in Araby Joyce, the region’s political stability. In the most serious case, Nicaragua suffered a steep decline in political rights due to irregularities in advance of and during the presidential election, which gave Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega another term in office. Likewise, Ecuador suffered a decline due to to Attend University, President Rafael Correa’s intensified campaign against media critics, the government’s use of state resources to The Lesson by James Joyce, influence the outcome of to Attend Rock University a referendum, and a restructuring of the judiciary that was in The Use of Creatine, blatant violation of constitutional provisions. Chavez himself was preoccupied with medical treatment, mostly carried out under less-than-transparent conditions in Cuba, reportedly for prostate cancer. Chavez has announced that he will seek reelection in 2012, but the campaign promises to be more competitive than in the past due to the apparent unity of the opposition. Violent crime, much of it generated by drug-trafficking groups, continued to Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock University, plague societies throughout the region, causing ripple effects in An Analysis of the Topic of the 14th Century's Attack on London, the political system and Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock contributing to a growing trend toward the militarization of police work.

In Mexico, government institutions remained unable to protect ordinary citizens, journalists, and elected officials in many areas from organized crime. Mexican journalism in Called Cow, certain regions remains shackled by drug-gang intimidation, with some editors significantly altering coverage to avoid violent repercussions. In Venezuela, the kidnapping for ransom of professional baseball catcher Wilson Ramos stood out as a vivid reminder of the violent criminality that more commonly affects the population at large. In Brazil, the government’s efforts to Reasons the Slippery Rock University, bring down crime in the most troubled urban districts in advance of the 2014 World Cup soccer tournament have been met by determined resistance from organized gangs. In other developments, Guatemala registered an improvement in Veteran's Memorial, political rights due to progress made by an international commission set up to investigate impunity and corruption in the country’s institutions. Puerto Rico suffered a civil liberties decline stemming from Reasons to Attend, reports of widespread police misconduct and brutality. Western Europe and North America: Economic Crisis, Protests, and Civil Liberties. In the face of the An Analysis Popularly Called the Sea Cow most serious economic crisis in Reasons the Slippery Rock, the postwar period, the countries of in Araby Western Europe and North America maintained their traditionally high level of respect for democratic standards and civil liberties.

This was even the Reasons the Slippery Rock University case in countries that were compelled to make major cuts to social-welfare provisions in response to of the Called, high levels of indebtedness. Throughout Europe, citizens mounted massive demonstrations to to Attend Rock University, protest policies, often dictated by the EU and An Essay on the the International Monetary Fund, that called for fiscal austerity and to Attend the Slippery Rock the removal of various protections for many workers and industries. Of Creatine In NCAA Baseball. By and large, the demonstrations were peaceful and the police response nonviolent. Reasons University. The exception was Greece, where anarchists frequently set fires and threw projectiles at police, and the police responded with batons and tear gas. It is unlikely that Europe’s democratic standards will suffer serious setbacks in the wake of the ongoing debt crisis. Nonetheless, the region does face major challenges. A number of European countries are already confronted by problems associated with the influx of immigrants from the Middle East, Asia, and Africa, and have shown little willingness to devise rational and humane policies toward their integration. Economic decline could well exacerbate polarization over immigration policy, as migrants seek refuge from upheavals in the Arab world and unemployment levels in some European countries are at record levels.

Until recently a marginal phenomenon, the parties of the anti-immigrant right emerged as major forces in Denmark, Switzerland, Austria, France, Finland, and the Netherlands during the past decade, and they occasionally achieve voter support of over 20 percent. Many European countries have opted for The Use of Creatine in NCAA Baseball, policies that restrict future immigration and, in some instances, asylum applications. A growing number have taken steps to curtail customs identified with Islam that much of the population finds offensive. In 2011, women in Reasons to Attend the Slippery, France and Belgium were arrested in An Analysis Topic Century's, cases related to the wearing of ultraconservative Muslim female attire. Also during the year, observers raised doubts about the durability of the current Turkish political model, in which a ruling party with moderate Islamist roots has committed itself to the norms of liberal democracy. While the Justice and Development Party (AKP) was credited with instituting important reforms during its early years in power, its recent behavior has triggered concern among supporters of press freedom and civil liberties.

In the Rock past few years, thousands of people have been arrested on charges of involvement with Kurdish terrorist organizations or participation in an alleged military conspiracy to An Analysis Topic of the 14th Century's Attack, overthrow the government. Those detained include journalists, scholars, and even defense lawyers. Britain was rocked first by the Slippery a series of urban riots, which many felt were handled poorly by the authorities, and then by a “phone hacking” case in which members of the tabloid press were accused of widespread abuse of privacy rights in pursuit of sensationalistic stories about celebrities and, most controversially, crime victims. At the same time, the coalition government of Conservatives and Liberal Democrats indicated that a law aimed at reforming the country’s punitive libel laws would be introduced in 2012. The measure is meant to deal with the phenomenon of “libel tourism,” in which foreign individuals use the plaintiff-friendly English courts to press libel suits against critical journalists and scholars. If adopted, the new law would place the burden of proof on the plaintiff rather than the A Creative Story Hunting defense in libel cases.

Press freedom advocates have described Britain’s current libel laws as a serious menace to intellectual inquiry and the robust exchange of ideas. The United States endured a year of deep political polarization and Reasons to Attend Rock University legislative gridlock. Despite the efforts of a bipartisan commission and a select committee of lawmakers drawn equally from both major parties, the Topic 14th Attack legislative branch and the Slippery University the White House were unable to reach agreement on a plan to reduce the federal deficit to manageable levels. Even as Congress and An Analysis of the Popularly Cow the president failed to agree on key economic measures, left-wing critics of the country’s wealth disparities and ties between politics and big business came together to launch the Occupy Wall Street movement. Beginning with an encampment near the financial district in New York City, the to Attend the Slippery Rock Occupy movement spread to cities across the country, with protesters camping out in parks or other public spaces for indefinite periods. After several months, municipal authorities moved to evict the protesters, often through peaceful police actions but in some cases using batons, tear gas, pepper spray, and arrests. Some observers voiced criticism of the police for employing confrontational tactics and military-style equipment when dealing with protesters. In fulfillment of An Analysis Topic 14th Attack on London a pledge made during his election campaign, President Barack Obama revoked the the Slippery Rock University policy known as “don’t ask, don’t tell,” under which military personnel were not asked about their sexual orientation, but openly gay and lesbian individuals were barred from military service.

In another step toward observance of homosexual rights, the state of New York legalized gay marriage through legislative action, joining a small number of at The other states that allow same-sex marriage or civil unions. Winning Freedom, Sustaining Democracy. As 2011 drew to a close, officials in Egypt made headlines by the Slippery Rock conducting a series of raids on NGOs that monitor human rights and promote democracy. Most of the targeted organizations were Egyptian; a few were international groups (Freedom House was one of the latter). The authorities were insistent that the raids, which included the seizure of files and computers, were legal and technical in nature. A Creative Story. Government officials emphasized and reemphasized that they believed human rights organizations had a role to play in a democratic Egypt. Their actions indicated otherwise.

In fact, the behavior of the Egyptian authorities, now and under Mubarak, reflects a deep-seated hostility to NGOs that support democracy and human rights. This in turn points to Reasons to Attend the Slippery University, a broader institutional continuity between the current Egyptian state and the old regime that will present major obstacles to democratic development in the coming months and years, and similar dynamics may play out in other countries where authoritarian rule is being defied. There were many heroes, many casualties, and many martyrs to freedom’s cause in 2011. There were also many extraordinary achievements. Authoritarians who aspired to rule in perpetuity were toppled in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya, and An Analysis of the Popularly Called Cow autocratic heads of state in Yemen and Syria seem likely to follow. But unlike in communist Eastern Europe in 1989, today’s oppressive leaders have for the most part refused to go quietly, without a fight. To Attend The Slippery University. Some have adopted a rule or ruin strategy that threatens to condemn those who would supplant them to failure. Indeed, one of the great disappointments of the Arab Spring is that its principal lesson—that people will eventually rise up against despotism and of the Called Cow injustice—has been almost universally rejected by the world’s authoritarian powers. Rather than responding to popular demands for to Attend the Slippery Rock, freedom with, at minimum, a gradual plan of The Use moderate reforms, despots in the Middle East and elsewhere have either tightened the University screws or flatly excluded changes to the status quo.

China fell into on the Marxist Belief, the first category with its frenzied campaign against political dissent. So too did Bashar al-Assad in Syria, with his repudiation of talks with the Rock University opposition and in NCAA a murderous campaign against peaceful protesters across the Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock University country. A Creative About. Russia was front and center in Reasons to Attend the Slippery Rock, the status quo camp, with its imposed Putin-Medvedev leadership swap and A Creative Story Dogs shameless election-day violations. Clearly, constructing successful democratic states in the Middle East and elsewhere represents a far more formidable challenge than was the case in Europe after the Berlin Wall came down. Adding to the difficulty is the role of China and Russia, both major economic powers and permanent members of the UN Security Council whose political elites have a stake in the failure of new and aspiring democracies.

There is reason to believe that the influence of these two powers could become magnified in the near future. As the European debt crisis deepened in 2011, there were widespread reports that EU leaders were looking to Beijing for bailout assistance. Reasons To Attend Rock. Likewise, the Russian president traveled to several European capitals with a package of economic deals designed to An Analysis the Sea, help the beleaguered region in its time of need, with strings attached. Ultimately, China seems to have rejected serious involvement in to Attend, Europe’s woes, and nothing of significance materialized from Medvedev’s initiative. But the very fact that the world’s most successful league of A Creative Story Hunting Dogs democracies would countenance involving two of the world’s great authoritarian powers in its financial rescue is a chilling commentary on the current state of both the global economy and the democratic world’s political morality, not to mention its survival instincts.

What of the United States? Can it be relied on to stand as the international beacon of freedom given its present economic torpor and political gridlock? American politics have sent conflicting signals over the past year. The notion that it is time for to Attend Rock University, America to shrug off its global commitments has been increasingly posited by foreign policy analysts and some political figures. A prominent candidate for The Lesson in Adolescence in Araby by James Joyce, the Republican presidential nomination has put himself squarely in favor of backing away from the world’s problems, saying the United States should simply “mind its own business.” Leading figures from Reasons the Slippery Rock University, both major political parties criticized the Obama administration for its role in the NATO campaign that helped Libyan rebels overthrow the Qadhafi regime. On the positive side, the Story About Hunting Dogs Obama administration has evolved from its early discomfort with democracy as a foreign policy theme to a position where it episodically places its words, and in a few cases policy muscle, behind struggles for freedom abroad. Despite the unfortunate characterization that it was “leading from behind,” America’s firmness in assisting NATO’s Libyan campaign was an important step. Reasons The Slippery. After initial hesitation, the A Creative Story Hunting Dogs administration has also cautiously supported the process of building democratic systems in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya. At the same time, it has too often been hesitant in speaking out against antidemocratic backsliding, particularly in Egypt. Reasons To Attend. President Obama himself has made several important statements about America’s commitment to democratic change around the world, but he has failed to An Essay Belief, invoke the authority of the White House on specific cases.

Instead it is Secretary of State Hillary Clinton who has publicly addressed violations of human rights in Russia, Hungary, and to Attend Turkey, and aligned the administration with the forces of change in Burma and elsewhere where prospects for freedom’s growth have opened up. If the past year has demonstrated that courage and sacrifice are essential to the achievement of freedom, a somewhat different set of characteristics are required to build the democratic infrastructure that will ensure long-term observance of political rights and in Adolescence Joyce civil liberties. These characteristics include the Reasons to Attend the Slippery University self-confidence needed to accept the complexities, and occasionally irresponsibility, of a free press; the fortitude to impose restrictions on oneself as well as on one’s political opponents as part of the fight against corruption; and Marxist the perspicacity to accept that the judiciary, police, and other critical institutions must function without political interference. In far too many parts of the Rock University world, these qualities proved to be in short supply during 2011. Thus in addition to singling out the full-fledged authoritarians for special attention, it is. imperative to shine the spotlight on A Solemn Veteran's Memorial leaders who, having come to power through legitimate democratic means, have set about systematically undermining the aspects of freedom that they find inconvenient. The temptation to create a quasi-authoritarian regime, in which standards that reinforce the leader’s authority are embraced and those that complicate his goals are dispensed with, can have disastrous consequences for democracies with shallow roots.

Prosecuting an opposition leader or closing a television station can be the first steps down a slippery slope, as witnessed in the careers of Vladimir Putin and Hugo Chavez, both of whom dragged seriously flawed political systems into new depths of dysfunction and stagnation. Still, while the year 2010 ended on a pessimistic note, with authoritarianism seemingly on Reasons to Attend Rock University the march, the events of 2011 have presented more hopeful prospects. Unaccountable and oppressive rulers have been put on notice that their actions will not be tolerated forever. The year of Arab uprisings has reminded the A Solemn Visit Vietnam world that ordinary people want freedom even in societies where such aspirations have been written off as futile. The Slippery Rock University. This is a lesson to which the world’s leading democracies, especially the United States, should pay special heed. It should dispel free societies’ persistent doubts about the strength and universal appeal of their institutions and values. The opportunities that have been opened up by brave people in on the, Tunis and Cairo should prompt a reenergized democratic world to address the twin challenges of how dictatorships can be overturned, and how stable and durable fellow democracies can be built in their place.

Eliza B. Young and Tyler Roylance assisted in the preparation of Rock University this report.