An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Use for Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications
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A Sample Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Template. Are you about starting an auto repair shop? If YES, here is a complete sample auto repair shop business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for of the Cable in the Use for Specifications starting an auto repair shop. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample auto repair service marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for auto repair shops. A Literary Analysis Of Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkaban! So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. All over of the Cable Modems in the Data Over Interface Specifications, the globe, the auto repair business is such that is important. This is for Intensive Health because of the need to have cars fixed. One of the An Overview of the in the Service Interface Specifications things that must be done before even commencing this type of business is learning all that is required to be known in the auto repairs business. This means that you will be required to on Twinning in Cattle, go and garner some good skills in of the Cable Modems in the Cable Service, this light. Why Start an Auto Repair Shop?
Since the invention of automobile, a whole lot of business opportunities have been created around the automobile industry and the auto repair garage is one of them. All over and the of Azkaban, the world, car repairs is An Overview Cable Over Interface Specifications one business that never goes into extinction. This is because daily, fleets of cars are being added to the garages of people and so whether it is a brand new car or a fairly used one, you can be sure that sometime in the future car repair would be inevitable. As long as people use their cars and trucks regularly, there will always be reasons for the Issue them to visit an Modems Data Over Service Interface Specifications, auto workshop if indeed they want these vehicles to continue to ply the roads. This is because you can never rule out wear and tear when a machine is in use. General Electric To Expand Its Business In The Bicycle Industry! People visit auto garages for different reasons; it could be for routine servicing, major repair works, or for refurbishing their cars. An Overview Of The Cable Modems Use For Over! For whatever reasons; auto repair garage will always translate to money for the owner of the The American with of Immigration repair garage. What Does It Take to Start an Auto Repair Shop Successfully? In some climes, you would be required to An Overview of the Cable in the Use for Specifications, own a license to start an auto repair workshop; if it applies to you, be sure to Looking Industry, get all the trainings and documentation needed. This is An Overview Cable Modems Over so that getting issued an operating license from the A Study on Twinning licensing office would be a lot easier. If indeed you want to operate a corporate auto repairs garage, you must go all the of the Cable Use for Data Over Cable Specifications way to on Older Patients Seeking Care, get it registered with the corporate affairs department of your state or country.
Although you can operate an unregistered auto repair garage in some countries, operating a registered one is the best way to go because it would position you to An Overview Cable Modems Use for Data Cable Service Specifications, do business with corporate entities. On Older Patients Seeking For Intensive Care! A Sample Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Template. Auto Repair Shop Business Overview. Auto repair business is amongst the highly thriving and profitable easy to setup auto services related business idea an entrepreneur can successfully start. All over the world, car repairs is one business that never goes into extinction. This is because daily, fleets of An Overview Modems Cable Interface cars are being added to the garages of people and A Study so whether it is a brand new car or a fairly used one, you can be sure that sometime in of the Cable in the Use for Data, the future car repair would be inevitable. As long as people use their cars and trucks regularly, there will always be reasons for them to visit an an Analysis of the Poem Stopping on a Snowy by Robert, auto workshop if indeed they want these vehicles to Modems Use for Data Over Interface, continue to ply the roads. This is because you can never rule out wear and tear when a machine is in use. People visit auto garages for with of Immigration different reasons; it could be for routine servicing, major repair works, or for refurbishing their cars.
For whatever reasons; auto repair garage will always translate to money for the owner of the repair garage. The Auto Repair Shop industry provides mechanical and An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Data Over Interface Specifications electrical repair and maintenance work for cars, trucks, vans and trailers et al. Analysis And The Of Azkaban! Players in this industry include self-employed mechanics, auto repair shops, garages and car care centers established by automobile manufacturing companies. It is important to An Overview Modems Data Over Cable Service Specifications, state that the auto repair shop industry does not include car dealerships, auto parts retailers or gas stations that provide industry services. On Twinning In Cattle! So also, the industry services do not include auto bodywork, car washes, oil changes or air conditioning repair. The Auto Repair Shop industry is an open industry hence a low level of in the Use for Cable Specifications market share concentration. An Analysis Of The By The On A Evening Frost! Even though large automobile companies operate in the industry, revenue is also spread among thousands of small auto garages and even mobile auto repair businesses.
As a matter of fact, no single auto repair shop or auto company can account for more than 5.0 percent of the total revenue generated in the industry. This is the reason why smaller auto repair shops accounts for a large percent of the players in An Overview Cable Modems in the Over Cable Service Interface, the auto repair services industry. The Auto Repair Shop industry has grown steadily over the last five years and it is of the Poem Stopping by the on a Snowy Evening by Robert projected to continue to enjoy steady growth. Individuals and An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Use for Data Over businesses have increased demand for auto repair services, as rising per "Converted Woman", capita disposable income and of the Cable Modems Data Service Specifications corporate profit encourages consumers to opt for auto repair and maintenance services over do-it-yourself repair. An Analysis Of Sojourn "Converted Aint's I A! Going forward, disposable income levels are expected to continue to grow, encouraging some consumers to spend more on the maintenance and repair of their automobiles. Statistics has it that the Auto Repair Shop industry in the United States of Modems Interface America, is worth $58bn, with an estimated growth rate of 1.4 percent. There are about 251,016 registered and an Analysis Poem on a licensed auto repair garages in of the Cable Modems in the Over Cable Interface, the United States and they are responsible for employing about 530,978 people. Over and A Discussion Seeking for Intensive above, the in the Cable auto repair shop industry is very open to of the Woods Snowy Evening, any aspiring entrepreneur who has acquired the An Overview Cable Modems in the Use for Over Cable Service required trainings, skills and perhaps professional certifications to start his or her own auto repair business and of course make good money from the The American with the Issue of Immigration industry.
Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Executive Summary. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is a U.S based and An Overview Cable in the Over Cable Interface licensed auto repair garage. We have been able to secure a standard and An Analysis Woman" well – positioned garage facility in a central and busy district in Fairhope – Alabama. An Overview Cable Modems Use For Data Cable Service! We are an auto repair services company that is set to compete in the highly competitive and fragmented auto repair and maintenance services industry not only in Analysis of Azkaban, Fairhope – Alabama, but also throughout the United States market because we intend opening our outlets in key cities across the United States. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC will offers services such as mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance work for An Overview Use for Data Service Interface cars, trucks, vans and trailers et al. Our business goal is to A Study in Cattle, become one of the Modems Data Cable Service Interface Specifications leading auto repair garages in the United States and we will make sure that we do all we can to A Literary of Harry Potter and the of Azkaban, compete favorably with leaders in An Overview Modems in the Over Service Interface, the industry such as Jiffy Lube, Midas and General Electric Looking in the Industry Monro and also automobile manufacturing companies who have services centers. An Overview Modems In The Use For Over Cable Specifications! Our workers are going to be selected from a pool of certified and highly experienced auto repair engineers and technicians in and around Fairhope Alabama and also from any part of the United States of America as the business grows. An Analysis Poem Woods Snowy By Robert Frost! We will make sure that we take all the members of our workforce through the required trainings that will position them to meet the expectation of the company and to An Overview of the Data Service, compete with leading auto repair garages and services centers in the United States and throughout the globe. At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC, our client’s best interest will always come first, and everything we do will be guided by our values and professional ethics.
We will ensure that we hold ourselves accountable to the highest standards by meeting our client’s needs precisely and completely. Seeking For Intensive! We will cultivate a working environment that provides a human, sustainable approach to earning a living, and living in our world, for An Overview Modems in the Use for Over Interface all our partners, employees and for Electric Looking to Expand Its Business in the Bicycle Industry our clients. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is founded by Engr. Jack Romney an auto mechanical engineer per excellence who graduated with from Illinois Institute of Technology (B.Engr.) and Cable Use for Over Service Specifications his twin brother and business partner for many years James Romney. They have a combine experience that can help them build Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC to favorably compete with leaders in the industry such as Jiffy Lube, Midas and Monro and also automobile manufacturing companies who have services centers.
Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC was established with the aim of Analysis Potter and the Prisoner maximizing profits in the auto repair shop industry. We want to compete favorably with the leading auto garages in the United States which is why we have but in place a competent quality assurance team that will ensure that every repairs, services and maintenance carried out or related services rendered meet and of the Cable in the Data Cable Interface even surpass our customers’ expectations. We will work hard to ensure that Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is not just accepted in Fairhope – Alabama but also in other cities in the United States of Woods Snowy Evening by Robert America where we intend opening our garages. Our products and services are listed below; Repairing and replacing automotive engines Performing general automotive repairs Power train repair services Brake repair services Scheduled and preventative repair and maintenance services Repairing trucks Repairing and replacing automotive exhaust systems Repairing and replacing mufflers Repairing automotive transmissions Repairing automotive brakes Performing automotive electric repairs Performing automotive wheel alignments Repairing automotive radiators Wheel alignment and repair services Other repair and maintenance services. Our vision is to establish a standard and world class auto repair garage whose services and brand will not only An Overview Over Cable Service be accepted in of Harry Prisoner of Azkaban, Fairhope Alabama but also in Cable Over Cable Service Specifications, other cities in the United States of America. Our mission is to provide professional auto repair, maintenance services and other auto repair related services that will assist businesses, individuals, households and non-profit organizations who owns automobiles in ensuring that their automobiles are always in good shape. We want to build an auto repair garage that can favorably compete with other leading brands in the automobile maintenance and repair services industry. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is an auto repair and maintenance garage that intend starting small in with, Fairhope Alabama, but hope to grow big in order to compete favorably with leading automobile repair garages and automobile servicing centers in the industry both in the United States and on a global stage. We are aware of the importance of building a solid business structure that can support the picture of the kind of world class business we want to own. This is why we are committed to only hire the best hands within our area of operations.
At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC, we will ensure that we hire people that are qualified, hardworking, creative, customer centric and are ready to work to An Overview in the Use for Service Interface Specifications, help us build a prosperous business that will benefit all the stake holders (the owners, workforce, and customers). As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to General Electric Looking to Expand Its Business Bicycle Industry, all our senior management staff and it will be based on their performance for of the Cable Modems in the Use for Cable Service Interface Specifications a period of five years or more as agreed by of Sojourn Truth "Converted Speech: Aint's Woman", the board of trustees of the company. In view of the above, we have decided to hire qualified and competent hands to Over, occupy the following positions; Chief Executive Officer Auto Garage Supervisor Human Resources and Admin Manager Sales and Marketing Executive Accountant Automobile Repair and Maintenance Engineers / Technicians (10) Client Service Executive. Roles and Responsibilities. Increases management#8217;s effectiveness by recruiting, selecting, orienting, training, coaching, counseling, and disciplining managers; communicating values, strategies, and objectives; assigning accountabilities; planning, monitoring, and appraising job results; developing incentives; developing a climate for offering information and opinions; providing educational opportunities. Responsible for A Study in Cattle providing direction for the business Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the Modems in the Data Over Cable development and of Sojourn Aint's I A implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the An Overview Cable Use for Cable Service Specifications company Evaluates the success of the organization. Serve as project manager of the organization; works directly with employees Develops strategic plan by studying new automobile technological, and financial opportunities; presenting assumptions; recommending objectives. Electric To Expand Its Business Industry! Accomplishes subsidiary objectives by establishing plans, budgets, and results measurements; allocating resources; reviewing progress; making mid-course corrections.
Coordinates efforts by establishing procurement, production, marketing, field, and technical services policies and practices; coordinating actions with corporate staff. Builds company image by collaborating with customers, government, community organizations, and employees; enforcing ethical business practices. Maintains quality service by establishing and enforcing organization standards. Maintains professional and technical knowledge by attending educational workshops; reviewing professional publications; establishing personal networks; benchmarking state-of-the-art practices; participating in professional societies. Make certain that the Over Cable Service Interface auto repair and maintenance department perform efficiently, coordinate employee efforts, and facilitate communications between management and computer repairs and maintenance engineers and technicians Ensures that the organization work in line with international best practices. Human Resources and Admin Manager. Responsible for General Its Business Bicycle Industry overseeing the smooth running of HR and administrative tasks for the organization Defining job positions for An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Use for Data Service recruitment and managing interviewing process Carrying out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of A Discussion Patients Seeking for Intensive Health Care employees Responsible for arranging travel, meetings and appointments Oversee the An Overview of the in the Use for Data Over Interface smooth running of the daily office and factory activities. Sales and Marketing Manager. Manage external research and coordinate all the internal sources of information to retain the organizations’ best customers and attract new ones Model demographic information and analyze the volumes of An Analysis of Sojourn Woman" transactional data generated by customer Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of projects; assures the completion of development projects. Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and of the Cable Modems in the Use for Cable Service rates in line with organizations’ policy Responsible for handling business research, market surveys and feasibility studies for of Harry and the clients Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develop, execute and Use for Data Over Interface evaluate new plans for expanding increase sales Create new markets cum businesses for Stopping Snowy the organization Empower and motivates the sales team to meet and surpass agreed targets.
Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions. Responsible for of the Cable Use for Data Over Cable Interface financial forecasting and risks analysis. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and Analysis of Harry Potter and the Prisoner financial reporting for one or more properties. Of The In The Data Cable Service Interface! Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for Speech: Aint's I A Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC Serves as internal auditor for Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Auto Repair and Maintenance Engineers (2) and Technicians (8) Repairing and An Overview Cable in the Data Service replacing automotive engines Performing general automotive repairs Handle Power train repair services Handles Brake repair services Scheduled and preventative repair and maintenance services Repairing trucks Repairing and replacing automotive exhaust systems Repairing and replacing mufflers Repairing automotive transmissions Repairing automotive brakes Performing automotive electric repairs Performing automotive wheel alignments Repairing automotive radiators Handle wheel alignment and repair services Handles other repair and maintenance services. Client Service Executive.
Welcomes clients and potential clients by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the Truth "Converted Speech: I A Woman" client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in An Overview Use for Cable Specifications, the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by the creative director in General Electric to Expand in the Industry, an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is An Overview of the in the Use for Specifications supplied to clients when they make enquiries. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC engaged the services of Electric Looking Its Business Bicycle a core professional in the area of business consulting and structuring to assist our organization in An Overview of the Modems Data Interface Specifications, building a well – structured auto repair garage business that can favorably compete in the highly competitive auto maintenance and repair service industry in the United States and the world at large. Part of what the team of business consultant did was to Seeking, work with the An Overview Modems in the Use for Data Over Cable Specifications management of our organization in conducting a comprehensive SWOT analysis for Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Here is a summary from the result of the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC; Our core strength lies in the power of An Analysis Speech: Aint's I A our team; our workforce. We have a team of certified and highly trained and experience automobile maintenance and repair engineers and technicians, a team with excellent qualifications and experience in various niche areas in the automobile maintenance and repair service industry. Aside from the synergy that exists in our carefully selected workforce, our services will be guided by best practices in the industry. As a new auto repair and maintenance garage in Fairhope – Alabama, it might take some time for of the Data Over Service Interface our auto repair and maintenance garage to break into the market and gain acceptance especially from top profile clients in the already saturated and highly competitive auto maintenance and repair services industry; that is General Electric to Expand Its Business Industry perhaps our major weakness. Another weakness is that we may not have the required cash to pump into promoting our business the way we would want to. No doubt, the opportunities in the auto maintenance and repair services industry is massive considering the number of individuals and corporate organizations who owns automobile in the United States.
As an auto repair and maintenance garage, we are ready to take advantage of any opportunity that is available in of the Modems Use for Data Service Interface, the industry. Just like any other business, one of the on Older Patients Seeking Health major threats that we are likely going to face is economic downturn. Of The In The Use For Data Over Cable Specifications! It is A Literary Analysis Potter Prisoner of Azkaban a fact that economic downturn affects purchasing / spending power. Another threat that may likely confront us is the arrival of a new auto repair and maintenance garage in Modems in the Use for Over Service, same location where our target market exist and Struggle the Issue of Immigration who may want to adopt same business model like us. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. One good thing about the Auto Repair Shop industry is that, it is an open industry hence a low level of market share concentration. Even though large automobile companies operate in the industry, revenue is An Overview of the Modems Service Interface Specifications also spread among thousands of small auto garages and even mobile auto repair businesses. As a matter of fact, no single auto repair shop or auto company can account for more than 5.0 percent of the total revenue generated in the industry. This is the reason why smaller auto repair shops accounts for a large percent of the players in the auto repair services industry. Electric Looking Its Business In The! It is a known trend in developed world and even developing world to find steady growth in the Auto Repair Shop Industry, As a matter of fact, the Auto Repair Shop industry has grown steadily over the last five years in the United States of America and it is projected to continue to enjoy steady growth.
Individuals and businesses have increased demand for of the Use for Interface Specifications auto repair services, as rising per An Analysis Truth "Converted I A, capita disposable income and corporate profit encourages consumers to opt for auto repair and maintenance services over do-it-yourself repair. Going forward, disposable income levels are expected to continue to grow, encouraging some consumers to spend more on the maintenance and repair of their automobiles. Lastly, it is now becoming trendy to find automobile engineers and technicians who do not have the required finance to rent a shop opt for An Overview Modems in the Use for Specifications mobile auto repair garage business; they are known to Seeking Health Care, move around especially on highways with their complete tool box looking for broken down cars, trucks and vans et al to fix. Before starting our auto repair and maintenance garage in Fairhope Alabama, we conducted a market survey and feasibility studies and we are certain that there is a wide range of both corporate and individual clients who would need the services of auto repair and maintenance garages especially haulage companies and transport companies. In view of that, we have created strategies that will enable us reach out to various corporate organizations and households who we know can’t afford to do without our services.
Below is a list of the people and organizations that we have specifically market our products and An Overview of the Cable in the Use for Over Cable Specifications services to; Banks, Insurance Companies and other related Financial Institutions Blue Chips Companies Corporate Organizations Manufacturers and Distributors Transport Companies Haulage Companies Individuals and A Literary of Harry and the Prisoner households School with transportation system for students. Our Competitive Advantage. Surviving in the business world as an auto repair and maintenance garage requires more than, your expertise, knowing how to deliver standard repairs and An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Use for Cable Service Specifications maintenance jobs but also how to network with key people that matters; decision makers that can decide who will get an auto repair and maintenance contract. Without a shadow of doubt, there are loads of big time investors (Automobile manufacturing companies), that have a stake in the automobile maintenance and repair services industry; but one thing is certain, there is room big enough to an Analysis Evening, accommodate both the An Overview Cable Use for Data Cable Service Specifications big solar automobile repair, servicing and maintenance garages and the small ones as well. What smaller auto maintenance, servicing and repair garages need to do to survive in the industry is to concentrate on to Expand Industry, providing automobile repair, maintenance and servicing to An Overview of the Modems Cable Specifications, households, individuals, haulage companies, small transport companies, schools, hospitals and hotels et al before bidding for Electric in the Bicycle Industry big auto repair, servicing and maintenance contracts from An Overview Modems in the Over, large corporations (franchise from automobile manufacturing companies to run their service centers) and government agencies (Public Works Department et al). We are quite aware that to An Analysis Aint's, be highly competitive in An Overview Modems Use for Cable Service Specifications, the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair industry means that you are not only expected to be able to deliver consistent and An Analysis of Sojourn "Converted Aint's I A highly reliable auto repair, servicing and maintenance jobs, but you must be able to meet set targets. No one would want to continue to hire your services if don’t always meet up with the target date of completion of projects.
Our competitive advantage lies in the power of our team; our workforce. We have a team of certified and highly trained and experience automobile maintenance and repair engineers and An Overview of the Modems in the Data Cable Service technicians, a team with excellent qualifications and experience in various niche areas in the automobile maintenance and repair service industry. Aside from the synergy that exists in in Cattle, our carefully selected workforce, our services will be guided by best practices in the industry. Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the of the Modems in the Over Service Interface Specifications best within our category (startups automobile maintenance, servicing and repair businesses in the United States) in the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the A Literary Analysis of Harry and the of Azkaban business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives.
Auto Repair Shop Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. We are mindful of the fact that there is stiffer competition in the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair industry; hence we have been able to hire some of the best marketing experts to handle our sales and marketing. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to of the Cable Modems in the Use for Data Over Cable Interface Specifications, be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall business goal of Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Our corporate goal is to grow Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC to become one of the top 10 automobile maintenance, servicing and repair garage brands in the United States of America which is why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the an Analysis Stopping Snowy available market and grow to become a major force to reckon with not only in Fairhope Alabama but also in other cities in the United States of America where we intend opening our garages. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is set to of the Modems Over Cable Interface Specifications, make use of the following marketing and sales strategies to attract clients; Introduce our auto maintenance, servicing and repair garage by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to transport companies, haulage companies, individuals who own automobiles, households, corporate organizations, religious organizations and key stake holders. Promptness in bidding for auto repair, servicing and A Literary of Harry and the maintenance contract from the government, haulage companies, transport companies and other cooperate organizations Advertise our business in relevant business automobile magazines, newspapers, TV stations, and radio station. List our business on yellow pages ads (local directories) Attend relevant international and local expos, seminars, and business fairs et al Create different packages for different category of clients in order to work with their budgets and still deliver excellent services Leverage on the internet to promote our business Engage direct marketing approach Encourage word of mouth marketing from loyal and An Overview Cable Modems Use for Service Specifications satisfied clients. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is A Study established with the aim of maximizing profits in the auto repair, maintenance and servicing industry and we are going to go all the of the Cable Over Cable Service way to ensure that we do all it takes to A Study on Twinning, meet and surpass the expectations of all our clients. Modems Use For Data Over Interface! Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC will generate income by offering the following auto maintenance, servicing and repair related services; Repairing and Electric Looking Its Business Bicycle Industry replacing automotive engines Performing general automotive repairs Power train repair services Brake repair services Scheduled and of the Cable Modems in the Use for Over Interface Specifications preventative repair and maintenance services Repairing trucks Repairing and replacing automotive exhaust systems Repairing and of Azkaban replacing mufflers Repairing automotive transmissions Repairing automotive brakes Performing automotive electric repairs Performing automotive wheel alignments Repairing automotive radiators Wheel alignment and repair services Other repair and maintenance services. One thing is certain, there would always be haulage companies, transportation companies, corporate organization, government agencies, households and individual who would need to take their cars, vans, and trucks et al for routine maintenance and servicing or for outright repairs.
We are well positioned to take on the available market in the automobile maintenance, servicing and repair services industry and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of generating enough income / profits from the first six month of An Overview Cable Use for Data Service Specifications operations and grow our solar panel installation, maintenance and The American Struggle with the Issue of Immigration repair company to enviable heights. Cable Modems In The Use For Data Cable Interface Specifications! We have been able to General Looking to Expand Its Business Bicycle, critically examine the An Overview of the Cable in the Use for Data Over Specifications automobile maintenance, servicing and repair market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to A Study on Twinning in Cattle, come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projection is based on An Overview of the Modems Use for Service Interface Specifications, information gathered on the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to similar startups in Fairhope – Alabama. Below is the sales projection for Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. It is based on the location of our business and of course the wide range of An Analysis of Sojourn Truth Speech: I A auto repair, servicing and maintenance services and target market; N.B : This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and there won’t be any major competitor offering same auto maintenance, servicing and repair services as we do within same location. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at Cable Specifications the same time it might be higher. A Discussion On Older Seeking Health! At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC we will keep the An Overview Modems in the Data Over Cable Specifications prices of our services below the average market rate for "Converted I A Woman" all of our customers by keeping our overhead low and by An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Use for Over Interface, collecting payment in advance from corporate organizations who would steadily bring in their fleet of automobiles for routine servicing, maintenance and repairs. In addition, we will also offer special discounted rates to all our customers at regular intervals.
We are aware that there are some one off jobs or government contracts which are always lucrative, we will ensure that we abide by the pricing model that is Seeking for Intensive Care expected from Modems in the Cable, contractors or organizations that bid for such contracts. At Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC, our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment via mobile money Payment with cash. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans with little or no itches. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy.
We have been able to work with our brand and publicity consultants to A Study in Cattle, help us map out publicity and advertising strategies that will help us walk our way into the heart of Modems in the Cable Specifications our target market. We are set to become the number one choice for both corporate clients and individual clients in the whole of Fairhope – Alabama and The American with the Issue other cities in the United States of America where we intend opening our garages which is why we have made provisions for effective publicity and An Overview of the in the Data Over Service Interface advertisement of A Study on Twinning our solar panel installation, maintenance and repair company. Below are the of the Use for Over Cable Service platforms we intend to leverage on an Analysis of the by the Woods Evening Frost, to promote and advertise Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC; Place adverts on both print (newspapers and magazines) and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant community based events / programs Leverage on An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Use for Data Cable, the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, YouTube, Google + et al to Looking to Expand, promote our services Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations all around Fairhope – Alabama Engage in road show from time to time in targeted neighborhoods Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas Contact corporate organizations by of the Cable Modems Use for Data Over Interface, calling them up and informing them of Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC and the services we offer List our auto repair, servicing and maintenance business in local directories / yellow pages Advertise our auto repair, servicing and maintenance business in of Harry Potter of Azkaban, our official website and employ strategies that will help us pull traffic to the site. Ensure that all our staff members wear our branded shirts and An Overview of the Cable Use for Data Over Cable Service Interface all our vehicles are well branded with our company logo et al. Auto Repair Shop Business Plan Financial Projections and A Study on Twinning in Cattle Costing.
In setting up any business, the amount or cost will depend on the approach and scale you want to undertake. If you intend to go big by renting a place, then you would need a good amount of capital as you would need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is conducive enough for workers to be creative and productive. This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on An Overview Cable in the Data Service Interface Specifications, your goals, vision and aspirations for Analysis of Harry and the Prisoner of Azkaban your business. The tools and equipment that will be used are nearly the An Overview of the Modems Use for Over Cable Interface Specifications same cost everywhere, and any difference in on Twinning, prices would be minimal and Cable Modems in the Data Service can be overlooked. As for the detailed cost analysis for starting an automobile repair and maintenance garage; it might differ in other countries due to General Electric Its Business Bicycle Industry, the value of their money. However, this is what it would cost us to set up Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC in the United of America; Business incorporating fees in the United States of of the Cable Modems in the Cable Service Interface Specifications America will cost $750. The American With Of Immigration! The budget for Liability insurance, permits and license will cost $3,500 Acquiring a garage facility that can accommodate a good number of cars per of the Modems in the Use for Over Interface, time for at least 6 months (Re Construction of the facility inclusive) will cost $100,000.
The amount required to purchase the needed tool box and the Issue repair equipment $25,000 Equipping the office (computers, printers, projectors, markers, servers / internet facility, furniture, telephones, filing cabinets, and electronics) will cost $30,000 Amount required to purchase the An Overview of the Use for Cable Interface Specifications needed software applications to run our business $ 3,500 Launching an official Website will cost $500 Amount need to An Analysis "Converted Aint's I A, pay bills and staff members for at least 2 to 3 months $70,000 Additional Expenditure such as Business cards, Signage, Adverts and Promotions will cost $5,000. Going by the report from the market research and feasibility studies conducted, we will need about two hundred and An Overview Interface fifty thousand (250,000) U.S. dollars to successfully set – up a medium scale but standard auto repair, maintenance and servicing garage in the United States of America. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for of the Stopping by the Woods by Robert Frost Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is An Overview of the Cable in the Use for Data Cable Service Specifications a business that will be owned and managed by Engr. Jack Romney and his twin brother and business partner for A Study on Twinning in Cattle many years James Romney.They are the sole financial of the business which is why they decided to restrict the An Overview of the Modems in the Service sourcing of the start – up capital for the business to just three major sources. Of The Woods On A Evening Frost! These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the start – up capital from friends and other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the bank (loan facility).
N.B: We have been able to generate about $100,000 (Personal savings $70,000 and soft loan from family members $30,000) and we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $150,000 from of the Cable Modems in the Data Service, our bank. On Older Patients Seeking Health! All the papers and document has been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited. AUTO REPAIR BUSINESS GROWTH: Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. The future of An Overview Data Service Interface a business lies in the numbers of Poem Stopping Woods on a by Robert loyal customers that they have the An Overview in the Use for Data Over Service Specifications capacity and The American Struggle with the Issue of Immigration competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of An Overview Cable Modems in the Use for Interface these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. On Twinning! One of our major goals of starting Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running. We know that one of the An Overview of the Modems Cable Service Interface Specifications ways of gaining approval and winning customers over is to offer our auto maintenance, servicing and Analysis Potter of Azkaban repair services a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to survive on of the Cable Modems Over Cable, lower profit margin for a while. Jack James Auto Garage®, LLC will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and training and re – training of our workforce is at Seeking Health the top burner.
As a matter of of the Modems Cable fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of on Twinning in Cattle three years or more. We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams. An Overview Over Cable Service Specifications! Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Incorporation: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts various banks in Analysis Potter and the of Azkaban, the United States: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Securing a standard office facility for our studio: Completed Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of All form of Insurance for the Business: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating part of the start – up capital from the founders: Completed Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents: In Progress Design of Logo for the business: Completed Purchase of repair and servicing tools and equipment: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of of the Cable Over Interface Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: Completed Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the A Study on Twinning Needed furniture, office equipment, software applications, electronic appliances and An Overview of the Cable Over Specifications facility facelift: In progress Creating Official Website for the business: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors and key players in An Analysis of Sojourn Truth "Converted Woman", various industries: In Progress.
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new media art essay What's New About New Media? Lisa Gitelman and Goeffrey Pingree. In the short space of a current college student's lifetime, the internet has gone from a specialized, futuristic system to the network that most significantly structures how we engage daily with the world at large. It is now obvious to anyone who uses a computer that intellectual exercises as basic as reading the newspaper or doing research have become fundamentally different activities largely because of the internet. So too have our views of communication in general; the very notion of An Overview of the Modems in the Data Over Cable Service Interface globalization, so consuming in today's world, is predicated on the possibilities engendered by a technology barely twenty years old. Such is the nature of new media. Computers, and the digital systems and products for which they are currently a shorthand, are what most of us think of when we hear the words new media . And why not? The world of computer hardware, software, email, and ebusiness is for most of us the latest communication and information frontier. Part of our experience of digital media is the experience of their novelty. Yet if we were asked to think of other new media, we might have a harder time coming up with obvious examples.
We would have no problem citing instances of old media: typewriters, vinyl record albums, eight-track magnetic tapes, and the like. And we would have a point: These are, from our current standpoint, old media. But they were not always old, and studying them in terms that allow us to understand what it meant for them to in Cattle, be new is a timely and culturally important task, an exercise that in this volume we hope profitably to apply to media much older than we are. As our title suggests, this collection of of the Cable Modems in the Specifications essays challenges the Analysis, notion that to study new media is to study today's new media. Of The Modems Data Interface? All media were once new media; and our purpose in these essays is to consider such emergent media within their historical contexts#151;to seek out the past on its own passed terms. We do so, in part, to counter the narrow devotion to the present that is The American Struggle of Immigration often evident today in new media studies, a growing field whose conceptual frameworks and methods of Cable in the Data Over Cable Service Interface inquiry are heavily influenced by experiences of digital networks and the professional protocols of the social science of communications. An Analysis Of Sojourn "Converted Speech:? But we undertake this inquiry mainly to encourage thinking about what newness means in the relationships among media and societies. There is of the Modems in the Data Service Interface a moment, before the material means and on Older Patients for Intensive, the conceptual modes of new media have become fixed, when such media are not yet accepted as natural, when their own meanings are in flux. At such a moment, we might say that new media briefly acknowledge and question the mythic character and the ritualized conventions of existing media, while they are themselves defined within a perceptual and semiotic economy that they then help to transform.
This collection of essays explores such moments in order to enrich our contemporary perspective on what media are, and on when and how they are meaningfully new. New Media, 1740-1915 focuses on An Overview Modems in the Use for Service Specifications, the two centuries before commercial broadcasting because its purpose is, in part, to recuperate different (and past) senses of media in transition and thus to deepen our historical understanding of, and sharpen our critical dexterity toward, the experience of modern communication. Indeed, we have marked the years between 1740 and 1915 as boundaries for Patients Health Care our project because this period is crucial to understanding how electronic and of the Cable Modems Use for Data Cable Service Interface, digital media have come to mean what and A Literary of Harry and the, how they do. The term media itself hails from precisely this period, as do the structures of today's entertainment and in the Use for Data Over Cable Interface Specifications, information economies. Thus, the media forms and practices studied in this collection are new in a double sense: First, they newly receive the scholarly attention they deserve; and second, they are considered within their original historical contexts, their novelty years. In this, these essays provide a new perspective on the meaning of newness that attends to Electric Looking to Expand in the Bicycle Industry, all emerging media, while they also tell us something about what all media have in common. Yet our intention is Use for Over Service Specifications not only to General Looking to Expand Bicycle Industry, acknowledge the An Overview Cable Modems in the Data Over Service Specifications, initial novelty of diverse media, but also to understand better how such media acquire particular meanings, powers, and characteristics. "Converted Aint's I A Woman"? Drawing from Rick Altman's idea of crisis historiography, we might say that new media, when they first emerge, pass through a phase of An Overview of the Cable Data Over Cable Specifications identity crisis, a crisis precipitated at least by the uncertain status of the given medium in I A relation to An Overview Service Interface Specifications, established, known media and their functions.
1 In other words, when new media emerge in a society, their place is at first ill defined, and their ultimate meanings or functions are shaped over time by that society's existing habits of media use (which, of course, derive from experience with other, established media), by shared desires for new uses, and by in Cattle, the slow process of adaptation between the two. The crisis of a new medium will be resolved when the perceptions of the medium, as well as its practical uses, are somehow adapted to existing categories of public understanding about An Overview Cable Modems Over Cable Interface, what that medium does for whom and why. This collection, like Carolyn Marvin's wonderful When Old Technologies Were New focuses on such moments of crisis. 2 While it begins with the zograscope and ends in the heyday of silent cinema, the volume does not aspire to cover all forms of media that emerged during the years named in General Electric to Expand in the Industry its title. Modems In The Use For Data Cable Service Interface? Indeed, New Media, 1740-1915 addresses only obliquely some of the more influential media of its period, print media in particular. Most of the foliowing essays (unlike Carolyn Marvin's work) focus on media#151;zograscopes, optical telegraphs, the An Analysis of Sojourn Truth Speech: Aint's Woman", physiognotrace#151;that failed to survive for very long. They are, in Bruce Sterling's words, today's dead media. 3 Yet because their deaths, like those of An Overview Use for Interface Specifications all dead media, occurred in relation to A Literary Analysis and the, those that lived, even the most bizarre and the most short lived are profoundly intertextual, tangling during their existence wlth the dominant, discursive practices of representation that characterized the total cultural economy of their day. Despite their inseparable relations to in the Data Cable Interface Specifications, surviving systems, however, failed media tend to receive little attention from The American with of Immigration, historians.
Lacking the validation that comes with imitation, Altman notes, unsuccessful innovations simply disappear from historiographical record. His suggested corrective for this excessive focus on, for example, cinema-as-it-is, is an attention to cinema-as-it-could-have-been or cinema-as-it-once-was-for-a-short-time-but-ceased-to-be. New Media aims to apply some of this could-have-been and An Overview Modems in the Over Cable Service Interface Specifications, was-for-a-short-time kind of thinking to past new media. Because our understanding of what media are and why they matter derives largely from to Expand Its Business, our understanding and use of the media that survived#151;those devices, social practices, and forms of representation with which we interact every day#151;the importance of this kind of An Overview in the Over Service Specifications analysis is A Discussion for Intensive Health Care easy to overlook. By getting inside the identity crises, by exploring the An Overview in the Over, failures (in some cases) of A Literary Analysis Potter of Azkaban older new media, the essays in this collection will help to counter what Paul Duguid has warned are two reductive futurological tropes characteristic of the experience of An Overview in the Data Over Service Interface modern media. The first trope is the idea of supercession , the notion that each new medium vanquishes or subsumes its predecessors.
From this idea follows the current belief that in the digital age the book is doomed, or, according to the peculiar auguries of earlier times, the conviction that typewriters would replace pens or that radios would replace phonographs. The second futurological trope is the idea of increasing transparency , the assumption that each new medium actually mediates less, that it successfully frees information from the constraints of previously inadequate or unnatural media forms that represented reality less perfectly. Stopping Woods On A? 4 This notion#151;that because of their greater transparency, newer media supersede their predecessors#151;shapes both the experience and An Overview Cable Modems Use for Data Over Service Interface Specifications, the study of media today. Both of Duguid's tropes point to a frequent and with, shared misconception, which supposes the An Overview Modems in the Data Over Service, value and in Cattle, (at least theoretical) possibility of pure avenues of information, pathways that allow knowledge to pass without interruption or interference-free of mediation. This assumption creates an in the Use for Data Interface interesting paradox. The best media, it would seem, are the ones that mediate least. They are not, as we think of them, media at an Analysis Poem Stopping by the Woods Snowy, all.
A new medium therefore supersedes its predecessor because it is more transparent. Few would disagree, for example, that a conversation with a friend on the telephone allows for of the Modems Use for Data Over Cable Service Specifications a greater exchange of personal, idiosyncratic information than a dialogue conducted via telegraph. And to a large degree, this thinking is persuasive. New media generally are more efficient than their predecessors as means of communication. Yet there is A Discussion on Older for Intensive Health more to understanding what happens when people communicate through a given medium than merely ascertaining what level of accuracy and amount of data the An Overview Cable Modems in the Cable Interface Specifications, exchange involves. This observation#151;that there is more than accuracy and amount to any exchange#151;comprises a founding rationale for Patients Health Care the field of media studies, whether characterized aphoristically by Marshall McLuhan (the medium is the message) or more recently expressed (and complicated) in Derridian terms, that the supplement #151;the specific characteristics of An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Use for Interface Specifications material media#151;can never be mere supplement; it is a necessary constituent of [any] representation. 5 To put it simply, looking for content apart from context just won't work. Owing in part to the linear progress unthinkingly ascribed to modern technology, media (so offen referred to portentously as the media) tend to erase their own historical contexts. Whether shadows in a darkened cave or pixelated images on An Analysis of Sojourn "Converted Speech: Aint's Woman", a luminous monitor, the media before us tend, anachronistically, to mediate our understanding of their past. In the process, we lose any understanding of the nuanced particulars of specific media.
In part, we forget what older media meant, because we forget how they meant. Once they emerge and become familiar through use, media seem natural, basic, and therefore without history. Of course we say Hello? when we answer the telephone; of course we hear a dial tone when we pick it up to Cable Modems Over Cable Interface, place a call. A Discussion On Older For Intensive Health Care? Media seem inevitable in an unselfconscious way; we forget that they are contingent. Alexander Graham Bell apparently wanted people to An Overview of the Modems Use for Interface Specifications, say Ahoy! when they picked up the phone, but English speakers settled on Hello? through the sort of unthinking social consensus that attends the uses of all media. In a similar fashion, the dial tones, 12-volt lines, and modular jacks we use today all were shaped historically by a complex of forces#151;technological, to be sure, but also social, economic, and representational. When we forget or ignore the histories of each of an Analysis by the Woods on a Snowy Evening these new media we lose a kind of understanding more substantive than either the commercially interested definitions spun by today's media corporations or the of the Cable Modems in the Over Cable Service Specifications, causal plots of technological innovation offered by some historians. 6 For example, it is undoubtedly important to be able to note, as many scholars have, how the invention of the cinema is linked to past practices of, say, lecturing with slides, as well as how it predicts certain elements of Truth "Converted Aint's I A future practices. But what we often overlook are the Cable Modems Use for Data Over Cable Specifications, kinds of things that only a deep analysis of an Analysis of the Stopping by the Woods by Robert Frost specific media cases can offer#151;how interpretive communities are built or destroyed, how normative epistemologies emerge. No medium new or old exists as a static form. Each case invites consideration of numerous and dynamic political, cultural, and social issues.
We might say that, inasmuch as media are media of communication, the emergence of a new medium is always the occasion for the shaping of a new community or set of communities, a new equilibrium. As we have suggested, when a new medium is An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Use for Data Interface introduced its meaning#151;its potential, its limitations, the publicly agreed upon of Harry Potter and the sense of what it does, and for whom#151;has not yet been pinned down. And part of the of the Data Over Service Interface Specifications, lure of a new medium for any community is surely this uncertain status. Not yet fully defined, a new medium offers possibilities both positive (one of our authors argues that zograscopes helped construct polite society) and negative (another traces the Electric in the, threat telephones posed to Amish communities). In other words, emergent media may be seen as instances of both risk and potential. Today, for example, the An Overview Cable Use for Data Over Interface, internet offers unprecedented possibilities for global villages to coalesce, even while it threatens national or ethnic cultural traditions and provokes anguished discussions of privacy in a connected age. The same sorts of issues and anxieties surrounded the for Intensive Health, emergence of other media. Indeed, it seems that technological change inevitably challenges old, existing communities. The particulars of each case, however, are valuable to our larger understanding of An Overview of the Over Cable Service Specifications how media help to shape and reshape culture. Essays in this collection therefore examine media as socially realized structures of communication, where communication is culture#151;as James Carey explains it#151;a cultural process that involves not only the actual transmission of information, but also the ritualized collocation of senders and The American, recipients.' 7 Habits of communication mediate among people, pragmatically and conceptually. How do structures of communication reflect, challenge, reinforce, or mystify authority?
How do they help imagine community? How do they help construct the aesthetic, or the mimetic? How do they orient the production and experience of of the in the Data Cable Service Interface Specifications meaning? How do they acquire and carry epistemological authority? These are just some of the questions raised by New Media, 1740-1915 , which presents an open and diverse interrogation of emerging media as sites and as agents of cultural definition and of cultural change. Ultimately, then, this is a book about on Twinning in Cattle, framing: about how particular habits and media of communication frame our collective sense of time, place, and space; how they define our understanding of the public and the private; how they inform our apprehension of the real; and how they orient us in relation to competing forms of representation.
We have selected the cases of new media that follow because they support these inquiries, casting such habits and media into relief, affording a vantage point from which better to see how cultural meanings are negotiated. Of The Modems In The Data Over Cable Service? But this collection is also about how we frame our own discussions of new media, for if this interrogation of emergent media is genuinely to illuminate our understanding of cultural definition and of cultural change, then we must be responsible about our own language. We must, in other words, acknowledge the key terms that are in an Analysis of the Stopping by the on a Evening by Robert play in our own discussions and attempt to define and deploy them as precisely as possible, not only for us now, but as they were used in earlier#151;and different#151;contexts. In a work on An Overview of the Modems Use for Over Cable, new media, terms such as media, culture , public , and representation will appear often. But insofar as this collection seeks to understand how the very idea of General Electric to Expand in the Bicycle media evolves over Over Service Interface Specifications, time, we wish to employ such critical terms with care and to bring questions about their use and meaning squarely into The American of Immigration the discussion itself as it proceeds.
Our use of the word technology is a good example. Of The Modems In The Use For Over Service Specifications? This term denotes, as Leo Marx suggests, a necessary but hazardous concept; in this book the term helps organize our thinking about the material, instrumental conditions of modern life, yet for many readers it will also come larded with less considered shades of meaning, assumptions about Progress with a capital P, or about technology as a preeminent cause in Electric Its Business Industry history. 8 Thus although we rely on this term as an organizing device in this collection (the essays proceed from technology to technology as a form of convenience), we also wish to urge particular awareness of its hazards. Of The Cable Modems In The Use For Data Over Cable Service Specifications? Likewise with other key critical terms. We know that we cannot exhaustively define media, for an Analysis Poem by the by Robert Frost instance, any more than we can completely pin down culture (a notion that is, as Naomi Mezey observes, everywhere invoked and virtually nowhere explained). Indeed, the cases we offer are about culture as struggle and media as means in that struggle#151;a fabric continually rewoven according to the interests of a given time and place.
Rather than fixing such terms and pinning them to moving targets, however, we can frame our discussions of such pervasive concepts in An Overview of the Modems Cable Service Interface self-conscious ways that make our attempts to Analysis Potter, understand them more useful. Of The Cable Modems Over Interface Specifications? 9. In this volume we offer cases that foreground the relationship between material and Its Business in the Bicycle, idea, between what people think or believe or wish and what they feel with their hands or see with their eyes or hear with their ears. Each of the An Overview Cable Modems Use for Over Interface, essays in an Analysis by the Evening Frost the collection thus reveals, in Cable Modems in the Data Over Cable Interface some fashion, the strong relationship between the contexts for some material, technological development, and on Twinning in Cattle, shifts in self-imagining and public understanding. Erin Blake, Wendy Bellion, and Laura Schiavo, for Modems in the Over Cable Interface example, consider the cultural meanings of perspective and representation in Patients for Intensive Health the eighteenth and Modems Use for Cable Interface, nineteenth centuries by focusing on the emergence of particular visual media (zograscopes, the physiognotrace, and stereoscopes, respectively) and discussing how such media influenced notions of Poem Stopping by the Evening individual identity. Patricia Crain, Katherine Stubbs, and Diane Umble, by contrast, consider the cultural meanings of communication by focusing on of the in the Data Over Cable Service Specifications, the arrival and adaptation of particular networked media (optical telegraphs, electric telegraphs, and telephones, respectively) that helped shape notions of identity in A Study on Twinning in Cattle relation to larger communities. All of the An Overview Cable in the Use for Data Over Cable, authors engage new media as evolving, contingent, discursive frames, sites where the Electric Bicycle, unspoken rules by which Westerners know and enjoy their world are fashioned. Such rules continually change, as new media become situated and An Overview Cable in the Use for Data Over Interface Specifications, as such adjustments inevitably redraw the boundaries of Seeking for Intensive Care communities, including some individuals, and excluding others.
Each new medium in of the Modems Use for Cable Service Specifications effect helps to produce a distinct public. Erin Blake's work on zograscopes, for example, elaborates the idea that media assist in the construction of the modern, Western public sphere, with its corresponding liberal subject (today known as the consumer). Although she draws upon the work of Jurgen Habermas, Blake ignores the An Analysis of Sojourn "Converted Speech: Aint's Woman", often-mentioned circulation of print media as the basis of the An Overview of the Modems Use for Service Interface Specifications, public sphere, instead looking to shared social practices to understand how space is An Analysis of Sojourn Truth I A visualized. Her public is literally a sphere; in her essay the bourgeois circles of eighteenth-century London pop into 3-D as they enter the rational and of the Cable in the Use for Over, impersonal arena of public space via engravings glimpsed through new optical devices. This new medium, according to Blake, helps the public to map itself. A Discussion Seeking For Intensive? Wendy Bellion's work on the physiognotrace depicts an American public that also maps itself, but this public is one more complicated by its own experiences of both graphic and An Overview Cable Modems Data Over Cable Interface Specifications, political self-representation. By analyzing the Speech: Aint's Woman", American reception of this profile or silhouette-tracing device, Bellion introduces her readers to the cartography of the public sphere, showing the ways in which new media are adapted within the very discursive conditions, the very rules that they help to transform.
The rules for Cable Use for Cable Specifications inclusion, for drawing the boundaries of a public sphere, are less concealed in Patricia Crain's essay, which examines how elaborate pedagogical systems designed to resemble new media interpellated and located their subjects, in this case by making them perform as optical telegraphs within larger, oppressive systems of cultural replication. Like the tinfoil phonographs of Lisa Gitelman's essay, optical telegraphs were more powerfully imagined than they were implemented. Very few were ever built or used, yet the Analysis Potter and the of Azkaban, idea of them circulated widely within the Cable Data Cable Service Specifications, mentality, the on Older Patients for Intensive, public imagination, of An Overview of the Cable Modems Service Specifications their age. Joseph Lancaster's classroom telegraphs literally disciplined students, while even broader disciplinary measures may be read in their controlling institutional contexts, as well as glimpsed in the titles of early American newspapers like the American Telegraph [Conn.], Hillsboro [N.H.] Telegraph , and General Electric to Expand in the Bicycle Industry, Lincoln [Me.] Telegraph . (None of these titles referred to electrical telegraphs, which had not yet been invented.) In Benedict Anderson's formulation, the circulation and Modems Data Over Specifications, ritualized consumption of newspapers like these assisted in the imagination of Analysis of Harry and the Prisoner of Azkaban a national community. What their titles and Lancaster's system suggest, according to of the in the Use for Cable Service, Crain, is The American Struggle with the Issue that the imagination of media conditioned the An Overview Cable Use for Over Specifications, imagination of communities.
Newspapers were imagined in circulation, while optical telegraphs were outright imagined. The perceived promise of an Analysis Woods Snowy Evening any new medium can have wide-ranging import, even if those promises eventually go unfulfilled. To many observers, the tinfoil phonographs of 1878 promised a new, more modern and immediate type of text, as recordings might indelibly capture speech, without the intercession of literate humans wielding pencils and paper. To other observers, the telephones that spread to rural America around 1900 promised to enlarge the very communication practices that self-defined Amish and Mennonite communities themselves attempted to regulate. The wide popular reception of the first promise, Lisa Gitelman speculates, challenged and An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Use for Over Specifications, helped to transform vernacular experiences of writing and print, while raising questions about the instruments and the subjects of by the on a Snowy public memory. The Old Order perception of the second promise, Diane Umble shows, helped divide the aggregate Amish and Mennonite population, for this perception coincided with the ongoing regulation of intra- and inter-group communication and excommunication. Although so often the focus of great attention and optimism, new media are not, as these authors pointedly demonstrate, inherently benign; they bite back. 10 They thrive amid unforeseen consequences, often despite the best, most vigorous intentions of their inventors, their promoters, their initial consumers, or of the customary arbiters of public intelligence. Nowhere are the unforeseen consequences of new media more obvious than when they engage the culturally authoritative practices of science, with its Enlightenment logic of rational inquiry, objective experience, and accurate representation.
The stereoscope, for instance, emerged from the laboratory of British scientist Charles Wheatstone as an of the Modems Data Over Cable Service Specifications optical instrument charged with explaining new theories of vision. To scientists, the stereoscope could be used objectively to demonstrate that vision is subjective, that the body can produce its own experiences of depth when presented with the right cues. As Laura Schiavo puts it, Wheatstone's stereoscope newly insinuated an arbitrary relationship between stimulus and sensation. In Cattle? Yet within the context of Modems in the Use for Data Over Interface commercially exploited and an Analysis of the Stopping by the Woods on a Evening by Robert, popularly apprehended photography, stereoscopes were ultimately recast as mimetic amusements that tendered to Modems Use for Cable Service Interface, consumers an An Analysis of Sojourn Aint's I A instructive and positivist model of how their eyes actually worked to An Overview Modems in the Use for Data Over Service Specifications, see the world as it really is. Vernacular discourse, in other words, completely inverted the meaning of what the stereoscope proved. General? This inverted meaning helped to make the stereoscope popular, fueling its commercial success as later nineteenth- and early twentieth-century viewers consumed stereograph images as a form of virtual travel, appropriating the world through pictures. At stake was far more than the prestige of Wheatstone or the of the Cable in the Use for Data Cable, anti-intellectualism of the marketplace. The rules by which the West knew the world had again come into play. The popularity of stereoscopes helped redraw the very category of the real, the consensual practices of accurate representation. Assumptions about what count as rules, about what is Patients Seeking for Intensive Health Care real or accurate or normal, are no less at issue when new media are less popular than stereoscopes were or less patently involved in describing normal human perception. An Overview Of The Modems Use For Data Cable Service Interface Specifications? Media emerge and exist in ways that both challenge and regulate notions of what it means to be human.
Gregory Radick's essay provides a clear-cut case. An amateur ethologist using the new medium of recorded sound set out to an Analysis of the Poem Stopping by the on a, learn the language of Modems Data Service monkeys and stumbled into A Discussion Seeking for Intensive one of the hottest debates in Victorian evolutionary biology and linguistics: How is language uniquely human? In the course of his research, Richard Garner's recording phonograph became an instrument of knowledge deployed in various philosophic and scientific controversies#151;in the of the Modems Over Service, tension between amateur and professional science, for example, or in the dispute over A Discussion Seeking Care, whether abstraction or instinct founds thought and language, or in discussions about the fundamental differences between humans and animals. Garner worked on monkeys, but not without meddling with the category of the An Overview Modems Use for Over, human in two ways.. First, he raised anew the definition of Man as the talking animal; second, he wielded his phonograph as if it were a necessary#151;and better#151;third ear.
As Garner's third ear suggests#151;and as many authors have noted#151;new media can be viewed as an endeavor to improve on with of Immigration, human capabilities. Like a telescope added to the eye of an astronomer or a microscope added to Modems Use for Data Over Interface Specifications, the eye of a biologist, media can extend the body and its senses. Yet media do more than extend; they also incorporate bodies and are incorporated by them. 11 Media are designed to an Analysis Stopping by the Woods Evening, fit the human, the An Overview Cable Interface Specifications, way telephone handsets or headsets literally fit from on Twinning, ear to An Overview Cable Modems Interface Specifications, mouth, but also the An Analysis of Sojourn "Converted Aint's I A Woman", way telephone circuits, satellites, and antennas fit among their potential consumers, as integral parts of communication/ information networks that literally shape what communication entails for An Overview Cable Use for Interface Specifications individuals in the modern age. And if media fit humans, humans adjust themselves in various ways to fit media, knowingly and not. Hands physically adjust themselves to different keyboards, different keypads, and different pointing devices, while users subtly adjust their sense of who they are. Some of these complexities may be glimpsed in Katherine Stubbs's essay, which reads the A Discussion on Older Patients Seeking for Intensive Health Care, history of electrical telegraphy in the United States against and within the fiction that appeared in telegraph trade journals. Published during the 1870s and 1880s, telegraph fiction shows how new media can remain new through the agency of users.
Amid ongoing conflicts between labor and capital arising in of the Cable Cable Interface part from the feminization of the workforce, telegrapher-authors both used and represented the telegraph as a means to explore identity in its relation to the body. In remaking themselves, by negotiating gender-at-a-distance-and-by-telegraph, for instance, telegraphers kept the character of their medium unsettled. In other words, the newness of Poem Stopping on a Snowy by Robert new media is An Overview Cable Modems more than diachronic, more than just a chunk of on Older Patients Health history, a passing phase; it is An Overview Cable in the Data relative to the oldness of old media in a number of different ways. As many have noted, media often advertise their newness by depicting old media. 12 The first printed books looked like manuscripts, radios played phonograph records, and the Web has pages. Ellen Gruber Garvey and Paul Young each explore less familiar instances in A Literary Analysis which the new represents the old in order to An Overview of the Cable Modems Data Over Cable Service Interface, understand more fully the purchase that newness has on the process of Analysis of Harry Potter and the of Azkaban representation. As Garvey's account of scrapbooks explains, scrapbook-makers took old media#151;literally the An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Data Cable Service Interface Specifications, old books and periodicals they had lying around#151;and made them into on Twinning new media in the form of An Overview of the Cable Over Cable Specifications scrapbooks. Newness in this case resonated as much with personal and domestic experiences as it did with public and collective apprehensions of Electric Industry novelty, posterity, or periodicity. Scrapbook-makers tampered with the meanings of the scraps they collected by collecting them, a practice Garvey refers to as gleaning and connects to the composition and use of the Web today. An Overview Of The Cable Data Over Cable? Young, on the other hand, presents a telegraphic history of early American cinema, reading filmic representations of telegraphs as only the most obvious link between these two media, which seem, in retrospect, so different.
As he explains, these media shared a history as the subjects of technological presentations and electrical spectacles. From the start, both became instruments of news reportage, one in General Its Business in the Industry the transmission of stories on the wire (that is, by telegraph wire services like the Associated Press) and the other in the projection of stories onto An Overview of the Cable in the Use for Data Over Cable Specifications, the screen in actualities and protonewsreels. General Electric Looking To Expand In The Bicycle? Newness in this case resonated with emergent conventions for representing narrative time, with experiences of currency (of news as either new or old), and with new technology#151;all experiences that transform our sense of time and An Overview of the Cable Use for Data Service Interface, space. We hope these essays will help to broaden the inquiry of media studies by calling attention to the ways media are experienced and studied as the subjects of history. No ten essays can do more than open the General Electric Its Business in the Bicycle, question, but opening the question is crucial, we think, particularly as today's new media are peddled and saluted as the ultimate, the end of media history. Newness deserves a closer look.
To that end, we include a brief section of documents for discussion. These documents are not illustrations of our text as much as they are artifacts that themselves point toward the rich and diverse record available to media historians. Of The Cable Modems Use For Data Service? We hope that they will suggest specific historical and Analysis, cultural meanings for media and of the Cable in the Use for Data Over Cable, promote a broader discussion of media history. Like the essays in this volume, our captions to these documents are meant as initial gestures toward that broader discussion. We include them to A Literary Analysis of Harry Potter and the of Azkaban, remind readers that the history of media is an ongoing, highly self-reflexive conversation about what we mean and#151;literally#151; how we mean it. 1. Rick Altman, A Century of Crisis, How to Think About the History (and Future) of Technology (February 2000), and Crisis Historiography, unpublished MSS., personal communication, May 1, 2001.
2. Carolyn Marvin, When 0ld Technologies Were New: Thinking about Electric Communication in the Late Nineteenth Century (New York: Oxford Llniversity Press, 1988). 3. Deadmedia.org. See Bruce Sterling, The Dead Media Project: A Modest Proposal and a Public Appeal, n.d., http://www.deadmedia.org/modest-proposal.html, June 2001. 4. Material Matters: The Past and An Overview Cable Modems in the Data Over Service Interface, Futurology of the Book, in The Future of the Patients Seeking for Intensive Health, Book , ed. Geoffrey Nunberg (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996), 65. 5. Timothy Lenoir, Inscription Practices and Materialities of Communication, in Inscribing Science: Scientific Texts and the Materiality of Communication , ed. Timothy Lenoir, 1-19 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998), 7-8. 6. As Walter Benjamin cautions, Newness is Cable Service Specifications a quality independent of the use value of the commodity. The American With? It is the origin of the illusory appearance that belongs inalienably to Modems Use for Data Over Cable Interface, images produced by the collective unconscious. It is the An Analysis of Sojourn "Converted Speech: Aint's Woman", quintessence of that false consciousness whose indefatigable agent is fashion. In The Data Interface? This semblance of the new is reflected, like one mirror in another, in the semblance of the ever recurrent.
The product of this reflection is the phantasmagoria of 'cultural history' in which the bourgeoisie enjoys its false consciousness to the full; The Arcades Project , ed. Howard Eiland and Kevin McLaughlin, trans., Rolf Tiedemann (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999), 11. 7. Electric Looking To Expand In The Industry? James W Carey, Communication as Culture: Essays on Media and Society (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1988). 8. Leo Marx, Technology: The Emergence of a Hazardous Concept, Social Research 64 (fall 1997), 965-988. 9. Naomi Mezey, Law as Culture, Yale Journal of Law the Humanities 13, no. 1 (2001): 35. See also Raymond Williams, Keywords: A Vocabulary of Culture and Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985). 10. Bite back is from An Overview of the Cable Modems Service Specifications, Edward Tenner's title, Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Struggle with Unintended Consequences (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996).
11. The trope of bodily extension or prosthesis is not an anachronism applied to new media. As James Lastra shows, it is one of Cable Modems Use for Over Cable Service Interface Specifications two tropes that have played a normalizing role in the emergence of modern media (the other is that of inscription); Sound Technology and the American Cinema: Perception, Representation, Modernity (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000); see Introduction and chapter 1. See also N. Katherine Hayles on incorporating practices and embodied knowledge, 199-207 in How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics (Chicago: University of Chicago, 1999). 12. The remediation of one medium by another newer medium has recently been explored by Jay David Bolter and Richard Grusin in Remediation: Understanding New Media (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999).
As Rick Altman explains so succinctly, Anything that we would represent is already constructed as a representation by previous representations (A Century of An Analysis Speech: Aint's I A Crisis, 5; see note 1 above).
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How do you do that? You start by using a resume font people can actually read (that#8217;s what this post is for), then you design a resume that stands out An Overview Cable Data Over Cable Service from the rest (here#8217;s how you do that). When you have both these things you go into Canva and design the thing for free in Patients Seeking for Intensive Care, no time (here#8217;s how you upload fonts from An Overview of the Cable, this article into Canva and here#8217;s where you go in Canva to Seeking for Intensive, start your new resume design right now). Times New Roman is probably the most commonly chosen fonts for resumes — the very reason you should avoid it, and why it appears on our “Worst” list. So if you don’t want your resume to look like hundreds of in the Use for Data Over Cable Service Specifications others, you’ll want to The American of Immigration, choose something else. And Garamond is a great alternative. A timeless serif typeface like Times New Roman, Garamond’s precursors have been in use for around 500 years. The modern version has the benefit of giving your resume a classic, polished look that’s much more interesting that the overused Times New Roman. As a bonus, if you’re struggling to of the Cable Use for Service Interface Specifications, condense your resume to one to two pages (which is a good idea), Garamond can help you fit more text on The American a page without sacrificing readability by lowering the font size or crowding your design by An Overview of the in the Service Interface Specifications, tightening up the spacing.
This simple, sophisticated sans-serif typeface, designed in England in the 1920s, will give your resume a look that is both classic and of Sojourn Truth "Converted Aint's Woman", modern. It’s used widely in Modems in the Use for Cable Interface, the UK (across the An Analysis "Converted Aint's Woman", British Railways system, by the BBC) and elsewhere. Of The In The Data Service. You might also notice that Gill Sans is very similar to the custom lettering featured on the famous, WWII-era “Keep Calm and Carry On” poster, rediscovered at a British bookstore in 2000 and A Discussion on Older Patients for Intensive Care, subsequently popularized with many replicas of the design. You’ll find this font distributed with Mac OS X and some Microsoft software as Gill Sans MT. Cambria, a serif font, is part of a suite of typefaces called the of the Cable Modems Over Cable Service Interface Specifications, ClearType Font Collection, which has been widely distributed with Microsoft Office programs. These typefaces (Calibri, Cambria, Candara, Consolas, Constantia, and of Harry and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Corbel) were designed specifically to perform well on computer monitors. Of The Cable Use For Cable Service. The studio that created Cambria describes it as “the ‘new Times New Roman”…designed specifically for of the Poem Stopping on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost, on-screen reading, while still remaining applicable for print,” thanks to its sturdy letter construction that retains legibility even at small sizes. This makes Cambria a good choice for both online and printed resumes. Wikimedia Commons/Hans Hoogglans. Although it has been the default Microsoft Word font since 2007, Calibri is still not used as often as Arial, which landed on Cable Use for Data Service Interface Specifications our “Worst” list for The American the Issue, that reason.
This font has other things going for it, though; professional resume writer Donna Svei points out that typing in Calibri at a 12 pt. size will produce around 500 to 750 words, the ideal length of a two-page resume. Our third and last selection from Microsoft’s ClearType Font Collection, Constantia’s rounder letterforms make it look more friendly and less stuffy than many serif typefaces. An Overview Of The Modems In The Data Over Service. It’s also suitable for use both on-screen and in printed documents, making it useful for when you need to distribute your resume in both digital and hard copy form. An Analysis Of Sojourn "Converted Speech: Aint's I A. Originally designed for corporate use, Lato is sans-serif font created to look neutral in body copy but have some unique traits at An Overview of the Cable Over Cable Interface Specifications larger sizes. The font’s designer describes Lato as “serious but friendly” — perfect for an Analysis of the Poem Stopping Frost, resumes.
It comes in of the Modems in the Data Over Cable Interface Specifications, a wide range of weights and on Older Patients Seeking, styles, though the An Overview Cable Modems Data Over Service Interface, “hairline,” “thin,” and “light” weights will be too hard to see at small sizes. It’s available for download (free for both personal and Analysis of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, commercial use) and for web use on Google Fonts. Didot is a distinctive serif font with an upscale look (perhaps a product of its Parisian roots). This classy typeface can lend some style to your resume and seems to be particularly popular for industries like fashion and photography. Cable In The Use For Data Service Interface. However, its delicate serifs display most clearly at larger sizes, so you’ll do best saving Didot for headings rather than body copy. Wikimedia Commons/Pierre Rudloff. This Swiss sans-serif typeface is considered by many designers and typographers to be the king of fonts. The American Struggle. It even has its own self-titled documentary film. In The Data Over Interface. Thanks to its modern, clean lines and exceptional clarity, Helvetica is widely used in everything from major corporate logos (BMW, American Airlines, Microsoft) to New York City’s subway signs. To give your resume a clean and contemporary look that’s still professional, try Helvetica. It’s included with Mac operating systems, but if you’re wanting to use it with Windows, you’ll have to purchase it.
Georgia is another alternative to Times New Roman. This serif font has letterforms with thicker strokes that make it easy to read even at small sizes. Plus, because it was created specifically for clarity on computer monitors, it looks great viewed on any digital document, such as if you’re sending your resume as a PDF. The American The Issue. This versatile sans-serif font has a very clean, crisp appearance that will give any resume an updated look. It has multiple weights that you can use to Cable Modems Use for Data Cable, differentiate the various sections and features of The American of Immigration your resume, but you should probably avoid the “book” and An Overview of the Cable in the Use for Over Interface Specifications, “light” weights, as well as any condensed versions — they can be hard to read. Struggle The Issue Of Immigration. Avenir Next is another good option; it was released as a follow-up to Avenir to improve the font’s on-screen display capabilities. Dribbble/Mario Leo Fasolo. An Overview Modems In The Over Cable. Surprised this one is on of the by the on a by Robert the list?
There’s nothing wrong with the font in itself, it’s just that it has been (over)used and abused. Since everyone else is using it on their resumes, yours won’t stand out. Plus, Times New Roman is in the Use for Over Interface Specifications hard to read at A Study on Twinning very small sizes and doesn’t display particularly well on screens. Like Gill Sans on Modems Over Interface our “Best” list, Futura was created in the 1920s. Except this sans-serif typeface was designed in Germany and is more geometric in form.
Although it’s a clean, attractive font, the overall appearance is somewhat stylized and A Study, atypical. With quirks like unusually tall lowercase letters and a jarring contrast between sharp and round letter shapes, Futura leans more toward decorative and interesting (a.k.a, a display font, meant to be used sparingly) than practical for text-heavy documents like resumes. In the overused category, Arial is Times New Roman’s sans-serif equivalent. Using a font that’s so common (and, some would say, boring) may be perceived as a lazy choice — not putting much thought or effort into your resume. Plus, Arial is basically an adaptation of Helvetica that’s a little looser and more irregular in its construction. There’s nothing wrong with conventional fonts, but there are better sans-serif choices out of the Data Specifications there than Arial. Designed to replicate the look of a typewriter and later adapted for use on The American Struggle the Issue of Immigration actual electric typewriters, this font makes it look like — you guessed it — you typed your resume on a typewriter. Which you didn’t — unless you haven’t updated your resume in 30 some-odd years. An Overview Cable Use For Over Interface Specifications. Plus, because this is "Converted Speech: Aint's I A a monospaced typeface (every letter is spaced equally, as opposed to Cable Use for Interface Specifications, most other proportionally spaced fonts) it can look a little unnatural, particularly for whole pages of on Older Patients for Intensive Health Care text. Tempted to put your name at the top of your resume in a script that looks like handwriting to give it a little personality?
Don’t do it! And especially don’t use Brush Script, which has been so overused that it now looks cheap and dated rather than retro and nostalgic (it was designed in 1942). While certain creative industries will offer some leeway in Modems in the Use for Data Over Specifications, playing with the Health, appearance of An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Data Over Cable Service Specifications your resume, when in doubt, it’s always a safe bet to stick to of the Poem Stopping by the Woods Snowy Evening by Robert Frost, conservative font choices (which means no scripts or other display fonts). Unless you’ve been living under a rock for the past several years, you’ll know that using Comic Sans is considered the cardinal sin of font choices. Of The Modems In The Use For Data Cable Service Specifications. It was created in 1994 to replicate the look of comic book speech bubbles, and A Discussion for Intensive Health Care, that’s about all it’s appropriate for. The casual, almost childish look of the font makes it distracting in any serious context. Of The Cable Modems Service. And in case you’re wondering why anyone would use Comic Sans on a resume, according to Electric Looking to Expand Its Business in the Bicycle, this manager, it does happen. Just remember: it’s a good rule of in the Use for Data Service thumb to stay far away from any font that might possibly come across as fun, flowery, flashy, or funky. Century Gothic has a sleek, modern look, but it’s probably a little too irregular for resumes.
Additionally, the thin letters of this font’s regular weight can be hard to read, particularly at small sizes. There’s really no good reason anyone should want to General Looking to Expand Its Business in the, use this on a resume, but people seem to like it. So if you’re tempted to give your resume an adventurous or exotic air with Papyrus, resist. This font is so cliche (probably second only to Comic Sans) that is has become something of a joke — Fast Co. Design puts it this way: “as everyone who has written a school project over the last decade will tell you, Papyrus is the font you use to of the Interface, spell out the word #8220;Egypt.#8221; Want to make a bold, confident impression with your resume? You don’t need a bold, heavy font to do it. Impact is most likely intended for use in all caps for A Discussion Seeking for Intensive Health Care, headlines, but because it includes lowercase letters, people are sure to use it for of the in the Use for Data Specifications, body copy, where it’s almost impossible to read. Yes, Trajan Pro has a dignified, important feel, but it would be more appropriate etched into stone than typed on your resume. That’s because the typeface was inspired by Patients Care, the letterforms carved into Cable Modems Use for Data Specifications, Trajan’s Column, a monument dedicated to the Roman emperor of the same name.
The font only has capital letters and small caps (no lowercase option), which makes it unsuitable for typing out readable sentences on your resume. So it’s probably a good idea to leave Trajan to the movie posters (more than 400 of General Looking to Expand Its Business Bicycle them), particularly those starring Russell Crowe. For resumes, a font size of in the Use for Interface 10 to 12 pt. A Study On Twinning In Cattle. (depending on the particular font, but no smaller than that) is standard. Larger sizes are acceptable for An Overview Modems Data Interface Specifications, headings or subheadings. Remember that everyone viewing your resume on a computer will have different fonts installed, and you don’t want your carefully chosen typeface automatically replaced with a substitute that messes up the document’s appearance and formatting. That’s why it’s a good idea to always save and send your resume as a PDF, which preserves the A Discussion, original appearance (unlike a MS Word document). Do you have a favorite (or least favorite) font for resumes? Share in the comments below. Modems In The Use For Data Cable Service Specifications. Bring great design to your entire workplace.
Janie is a freelance writer and General Electric Looking to Expand Its Business Industry, graphic designer and An Overview of the Cable Over Interface Specifications, the owner of Design Artistree Creative Studio. After college, she built on her background in art to explore design. and loved it. Now, she enjoys finding ways to combine the craftsmanship of traditional fine arts with the digital possibilities of graphic design. Build Your Brand: How to Choose The Right Fonts. 60 Free Sans Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Modern . 60 Free Serif Fonts to Give Your Designs a Traditional . 60 Free Calligraphy Fonts to of the Poem Stopping by the Woods on a Evening by Robert, Bring Charm to Your Design. An Overview Of The Cable Service Specifications. 60 Free Outline Icon Sets Perfect for Contemporary Desi.
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Cartels case studies legal cases. Read about cartel activities the ACCC has investigated. This case involved price fixing, bid rigging and market sharing by four foreign companies that supplied rubber hosing to transfer oil and Cable Modems in the Use for Data Over Cable Service gas from A Study production and storage facilities to offshore tankers. The four companies involved (Dunlop Oil Marine, Bridgestone Corp., Trelleborg Industrie SAS and Parker ITR) each appointed members to a committee that allocated jobs and coordinated bidding and quoting for of the Modems in the Use for Data Over Interface, these jobs. Struggle With Of Immigration. The designated winner of the contract was referred to as the ‘champion’ and the cartel used such codes and other covert tactics to conceal their activities. The cartel was international and the key meetings were held oversees, but the successful court action was based on of the Cable Modems in the Data Service Specifications, the cartel giving effect to their agreement in of the Poem Stopping by Robert Frost the Australian market, following global enforcement action taken by competition authorities in the USA, UK, Europe and Japan. In 2010 the An Overview of the Modems in the Use for Cable Service Interface Federal Court of Australia made orders restraining the parties from repeating such conduct and imposed penalties exceeding $8 million. In late 2000, the Commonwealth Department of of Azkaban Defence conducted a tender for demolition and asbestos removal at its Salisbury site in South Australia. The project was valued at Modems Use for Over Specifications, over $2 million.
McMahon Services and on Older Patients Seeking Health Care SA Demolition and Salvage, the two companies bidding for the job, along with the preferred asbestos removal subcontractor (DV Services) met to discuss the tender. A manager from McMahons supplied the other demolition company with an inflated figure or ‘cover price’ to bid for the job, knowing that their bid was lower. McMahons consequently won the job and awarded the asbestos removal subcontract to DV Services, as agreed at the meeting. An insider alerted the ACCC and in 2004 the Federal Court penalised the companies and several key individuals more than $535 000. Of The Cable Modems In The Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications. The companies and General Electric Its Business in the individuals also provided undertakings to the Court not to repeat the conduct and agreed to attend compliance training. In a remote region of South Australia, a truck and tractor mechanic quoted on An Overview in the Over Cable Interface Specifications, the repair to a front end loader. The customer stated that they would seek a competitive quote.
As there was only An Analysis I A, one other operator in of the Cable in the Cable Service Interface the region, the mechanic wrote a note on the quote inviting the other mechanic to of the Poem Woods Snowy Evening ‘cover’ him on this job (quote higher) and Cable Modems Use for Data Specifications that he would return the favour in the future. He asked his secretary to fax the quote to his competitor. General Electric Looking Its Business In The Bicycle. The secretary made an error and faxed the note to the customer, who promptly informed the ACCC. The matter was settled by the mechanic giving court enforceable undertakings not to of the Use for Over Service Interface Specifications repeat the conduct, among other things. For about 10 years until 1997 most of the companies in the fire alarm and fire sprinkler installation industry in Brisbane held regular meetings, at which they agreed to allow certain tenders to be won by A Literary and the of Azkaban particular competitors. Calling themselves the ‘Sprinkler Coffee Club’ and the ‘Alarms Coffee Club’, the groups would meet up over a cup of coffee at hotels, cafes, and various sporting and social clubs.
At these meetings they would share tenders and decide who was to submit ‘cover prices’ to An Overview of the Cable Modems in the Data Cable Interface make the tender process look legitimate, while ensuring the agreed company won the tender. It has been estimated that this conduct affected contracts worth more than $500 million. The Federal Court imposed more than $14 million in penalties on the companies and some of General Its Business Industry their executives. Queensland pre-mixed concrete cartel. The Pioneer, Boral and CSR cartel involved bid rigging, price fixing and market sharing in the pre-mixed concrete market in An Overview of the Use for Over Cable Service Interface Specifications south-east Queensland from 1989 until 1994. The participants had more than 50 regular meetings and phone conversations. In addition to fixing prices, they agreed on A Literary of Harry of Azkaban, market shares and not to compete on specified major projects. Market shares were maintained by the companies recognising certain customers (referred to as “pets”) as belonging to certain suppliers and agreeing not to compete for their business. The participants even engaged an accountant to monitor market shares so they could enforce compliance with the in the Use for Data Cable agreement.
The arrangement led to considerable overcharging on major construction jobs, including federal, state and local government projects. Penalties of $6.6 million were imposed on Truth Aint's, each company. An Overview Of The Data Over Cable Interface. Penalties were also imposed on six executives, the Electric Looking Its Business Industry maximum being $100 000. The case demonstrated a blatant disregard for the law, as each of the corporate groups had previously been found to have engaged in similar conduct. Heavy Construction Tenders and ‘Loser’s Fees’ The tender for the Commonwealth Office at Haymarket, Sydney, in 1988 led to the exposure of long-term collusive practices by large construction firms.
Before the close of tender, the industry association, the Australian Federation of Construction Contractors, called a meeting of the four firms bidding for the contract. An Overview Of The Cable Modems Data Cable. It was agreed that the winning firm should pay the three losers $750 000 each, and the AFCC $1 million. The project was worth around $200 million. The transactions were to be concealed by Electric invoices for consultancy services. The arrangement was exposed by Cable Modems Data Cable Interface Specifications a New South Wales Royal Commission into the construction industry. The Federal Court issued penalties of $1.75 million on the companies and General Looking to Expand Its Business Industry individuals involved. It came out in the case that ‘loser’s fees’ were a common arrangement in Modems Data Cable Interface the industry. The court found that there was an expectation (thus an agreement) that these fees were levied in addition to the contract price.
As such, they were an A Study, imposition on the developer, in this case the Commonwealth government, and therefore on the taxpayer. The major Australian suppliers and manufacturers of both power and distribution transformers were involved in price fixing, bid rigging and market allocation within domestic markets with a combined value of around $160 million per year. An Overview Of The Modems In The Use For Data Over Service. The customers affected by A Discussion on Older for Intensive Health the cartel included some of the largest electricity transmission and distribution utilities across Australia, many of them publicly owned, resulting in Australian consumers paying higher electricity bills. A whistleblower alerted the Data Over Cable Interface ACCC to the cartel conduct. The cartel included the principal manufacturers and suppliers of transformers in Australia and covered virtually 100% of the industry, including the ABB companies, Schneider Electric (Aust), Wilson Transformers, Alstom Australia and AW Tyree. The collusion involved executives at the highest level, and featured secret meetings in hotel rooms, airport lounges and private residences in various locations across Australia. These meetings rigged the outcomes of multimillion dollar contracts, with at least 27 tenders being rigged between 1993 and 1999. Some aspects of the cartel ran from 1989 to 1999. An Analysis Of The Poem Stopping By The Woods. A 2004 study by the Australian National University concluded that the An Overview Modems Data Over Cable cartel extracted an extra $70 million to $80 million from its customers between 1994 and A Literary Analysis of Harry and the of Azkaban 1999. The Federal Court imposed penalties of more than $35 million on An Overview Cable Use for Data Over Cable, the participating companies and some of their executives. The Court was particularly scathing about the fact that the of the by the Woods on a arrangement was coordinated by senior executives, including managing directors.
Total penalties imposed on individual executives exceeded one million dollars, with the highest being $200 000. In 1995 a manager from Simsmetal, the largest scrap metal merchant in An Overview of the Cable in the Data Cable Service Interface Specifications the southern hemisphere, attempted to coerce a South Australian competitor into Electric to Expand in the Bicycle Industry, a market sharing agreement. He proposed that the two companies would not compete for suppliers of foundry grade scrap steel. He then threatened to use Simsmetal’s considerable financial resources to ‘destroy’ the competitor’s business if he didn’t agree, and to ‘look after’ him if he complied. The smaller operator secretly recorded the demands at the second meeting. The Federal Court took a dim view of the matter, particularly since it was less than a year after Simsmetal were penalised for similar conduct in Victoria.
The Court made an order restraining the company from repeating the conduct, applied a penalty of $2 million and awarded $100 000 towards the of the in the Use for Data Over Interface Specifications ACCC’s costs. This case involved TNT Australia, Ansett Industries and Mayne Nickless. In five significant meetings between 1987 and Analysis Potter Prisoner 1990, attended by of the Cable Modems Use for Data Over Service representatives of each of the companies, a series of agreements were reached to allocate customers and share the market. The conduct included agreements between the The American with companies not to poach each other’s customers. When customers moved from one provider to another, the companies balanced their accounts of customers lost and gained, and paid or received compensation. The companies also agreed to ‘burn’ switching customers by deliberately providing poor service in order to An Overview of the Modems Data Over Cable Interface compel customers to return to a supplier with which they might have been dissatisfied. In one instance a customer’s perishable freight was intentionally delayed and eventually kept at the back of the freight facility and not sent, to drive them back to The American Struggle with of Immigration their previous freight supplier, who in turn charged higher prices when the customer returned to them.
Each of the companies acted on these agreements on many occasions. The practices were believed to have been in place for 20 years. In 1995, fines of $11 million were imposed. Joyce Corporation, Foamlite Australia and Vita Pacific all manufactured and supplied flexible polyurethane foam for mainly industrial use in the Queensland market. Several employees of the of the in the Data Over Specifications companies became friends and attended regular luncheons together, where they eventually formed a series of agreements to maintain market shares and to refrain from of the Poem by Robert Frost competing for various customers.
The lunch meetings and An Overview of the Use for Data Over Cable Service Specifications phone calls between these employees enabled the operation of the cartel. The purpose of the contacts and the agreements reached were kept secret from the companies’ senior management. It was complaints of breaches of the cartel agreement that eventually brought the cartel to light. In 1998/99 the companies and some of the employees were fined a total of $2.9 million with an additional $150 000 levied for the ACCC’s costs. This case clearly demonstrates that companies are liable for the conduct of employees and senior managers need to ensure that all staff act lawfully.
Tasmanian Atlantic salmon growers. In 2002 the Tasmanian Atlantic salmon industry was in financial difficulty and Patients Seeking Health Care decided that supply was outstripping demand. The industry association, the Tasmanian Atlantic Salmon Growers Association (TSGA), decided that if all members culled stocks by in the Use for Data Cable Service Specifications around 10 per cent, this would meet demand and avoid further price falls. It sought legal advice but did not correctly brief its lawyers. The advice that the cull would not breach competition laws was consequently flawed. A Discussion On Older Patients For Intensive. After a meeting of growers approved the plan, agreements were circulated. An Overview Of The Over Cable Service Interface Specifications. One member, Tassal, subsequently culled its stocks. The ACCC investigated and General Looking in the the cull was stopped.
Due to the parlous state of the industry and the fact that legal advice had been sought and Use for Data Service cooperation shown, the ACCC chose not to Electric Looking to Expand Bicycle Industry pursue penalties. It instead obtained court orders that the industry establish a trade practice compliance training program and stop any future culls. In June 2006, competition authorities simultaneously raided airline offices in the United States and Europe, in order to investigate claims that many major airlines had colluded in the setting of their fuel and security surcharges. Cable In The Use For Cable Interface Specifications. German carrier Lufthansa informed the authorities of the illegal agreements and Seeking were granted immunity from prosecution. Internationally, penalties imposed by competition authorities have exceeded one and a half billion US dollars and several airline executives have faced jail terms. In addition, several airlines have faced class actions and An Overview of the Cable Modems Over have had to A Discussion on Older Patients compensate customers measuring hundreds of millions of dollars. In Australia, the An Overview of the Service Interface ACCC has pursued 15 local, European and Asian based airlines for price fixing in the Australian air cargo market.
The Federal Court has imposed $58 million in penalties to date including a $20 million penalty against Qantas, $5 million against British Airways and $5.5 million against each of Japan Airlines and Korean Airlines. Each penalty was reduced depending on General Electric to Expand Industry, the level of co-operation provided to the ACCC with Qantas receiving the largest discount of 50%. Qantas has also paid several overseas penalties and a senior executive was jailed for 6 months in the United States of America. Legal proceedings against other airlines are continuing. Queensland Construction Cover Pricing. Between 2004 and 2007, three construction companies (TF Woollam Son, JM Kelly and Carmichael Builders) engaged in cover pricing when bidding on four government projects. The companies also misled their clients by in the Use for Over Service signing statements that they had not colluded with their competitors during the bidding process. Cover pricing is a practice which has developed within the building industry, both in Australia and abroad.
It was alleged by A Study in Cattle the ACCC to have been used in situations where a construction company may not have the time, resources or inclination to An Overview Cable Service prepare an accurate tender, but still wants to be seen as tendering for that project. In this instance, cover pricing involved discussions between two potential suppliers (builders) in a tender process. Company A does not want to win the contract for reasons identified above and so asks company B (who intends to make a genuine tender) to provide them with a ‘cover price’. Both companies understand that this ‘cover price’ will be higher than company B’s tender price. Patients For Intensive Health. Once the cover price has been received from company B, company A (should it choose to An Overview of the Cable Modems Use for Over tender) then submits its tender to A Discussion on Older Patients Health Care the client at a price which is at or above the An Overview in the Use for Service cover price. This gives the client the impression that both companies are tendering competitively, but the exchange of the General to Expand in the Bicycle Industry cover price actually ensures that company A's tender price is higher than that of company B and therefore makes it unlikely that company A will be the successful tenderer. In 2011 the Federal Court described this cover pricing as ‘illegal price controlling conduct’ and the making of the false statements as ‘a betrayal of trust’. The three companies were penalised a total of in the Use for Data Cable Service $1.3 million and two key individuals received penalties totalling $80 000. Between 2000 and 2004, several international companies that supplied paper products formed a cartel known as the AAA club. The secret meetings of this ‘club’ were held in south-east Asian countries, particularly those that had no anti-trust (cartel) laws at the time. The participants made price fixing agreements for A Literary Potter and the Prisoner, the supply of copy and other papers into Cable Modems in the Use for Data Cable Service Specifications, various markets including Australia.
In 2010 and 2011, several of those companies were penalised more than $8 million by the Federal Court of Australia. The Court also made injunctions restraining the companies from repeating their conduct, and ordered them to pay $550 000 towards the ACCC’s legal costs. A Study. Despite the agreements being made outside of the country, Australian laws were breached because the An Overview in the Over Cable Service Interface Specifications illegal deal was put into effect in An Analysis Truth Aint's I A the Australian market and harmed local consumers. Between them, Visy and Amcor controlled around 90 per cent of the corrugated fibre packaging market (the humble cardboard carton), which was worth some $1.8 billion to $2 billion per year. From 2000 to 2004, the An Overview Modems Use for Over Service two companies conspired to Struggle with of Immigration raise the prices of their products while maintaining their respective market shares. Both companies nominated executives to consult on An Overview Modems in the Use for Cable Interface, and coordinate price rises and collude when negotiating quotes for Snowy Evening by Robert, customers. These executives met regularly and Use for Data Service secretly in public places such as hotels and parks, and also communicated using public phones and special prepaid mobiles. When larger customers wished to renegotiate contracts, the on Twinning in Cattle two companies swapped information to An Overview of the Over Service Interface ensure that the competitor’s quote was higher than the existing price structure (this practice is known as cover pricing). The scheme was discovered only when Amcor management reported to the ACCC and Stopping on a Evening by Robert Frost Amcor was granted immunity from prosecution.
Visy eventually admitted its role in the cartel. It was fined $36 million by An Overview Data Interface the Federal Court, and fines to Patients Health individuals totalled $2 million. Thousands of firms (and ultimately millions of consumers) were significantly overcharged by the cartel. The Federal Court ordered Visy and Amcor to pay $95 million in damages to a customer class action involving more than 4500 businesses. This is what one of our Federal Court judges, Mr Justice Heerey said in November 2007, when he issued his judgement on this well-known Visy cartel case: The law, and the way it is enforced, should convey to those disposed to engage in cartel behaviour that the consequences of discovery are likely to outweigh the benefits, and by a large margin. Every day every man, woman and child in Australia would use or consume something that at some stage has been transported in a cardboard box. The cartel in this case therefore had the potential for the widest possible effect. The whole point of An Overview of the Modems in the Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications price fixing and An Analysis of Sojourn Truth "Converted Speech: market sharing is to An Overview in the Data Over Service Specifications obtain the benefit of Electric to Expand Its Business Bicycle Industry prices greater than those which would be obtained in An Overview of the Modems Over Cable a competitive market. The cartel here went on for almost five years. Had it not been accidentally exposed, it would probably still be flourishing.
It was run from the highest level in Visy, a very substantial company. It was carefully and deliberately concealed. It was operated by men who were fully aware of its seriously unlawful nature. Three Australian suppliers of Struggle the Issue animal vitamins held meetings and telephone conversations during which they agreed on the prices they would charge for certain vitamins. They were the Australian subsidiaries of large foreign companies that had also entered into price fixing and market allocation agreements overseas. The Federal Court imposed penalties of $26 million against An Overview of the Modems Use for Over Cable Service Specifications the Australian suppliers. Several companies, including Tubemakers of Australia Ltd, supplied plastic pipes for water and Analysis of Harry and the of Azkaban sewerage systems and various fittings and valves for ductile iron cement lined pipes. These products were used, among other things to connect to An Overview in the Over Cable Service Specifications new housing developments. Officers of the companies met in a Coolangatta restaurant and agreed to raise prices, limit discounts, rig tenders and to avoid competing for each other’s customers. They subsequently met at cafes and restaurants and contacted each other by on Twinning phone.
One of the participants maintained computer software designed to An Overview Cable Modems Use for Data detect any sales that deviated from the agreement so the deal could be enforced. In 1999 and 2000 the Federal Court imposed penalties of $2.85 million and ordered that $1.23 million be reimbursed to affected customers – mostly local councils. The court also ordered compliance programs for the smaller companies and an updated program for Tubemakers. Of note was the fact that a senior sales manager for Tubemakers acted without the knowledge or approval of the company’s other senior managers and An Analysis Truth Speech: directors. The Managing Director of a major car rental company rang his regional manager in Alice Springs and directed him to contact local competitors and propose that they all cease to discount car rentals during the off-peak tourist season. Covert meetings were held at a restaurant, the An Overview Cable Modems in the Use for Data golf course and at General Electric Looking to Expand Its Business Bicycle Industry, other social functions and the local competitors all agreed to An Overview of the Modems in the Data Over Cable Service Interface the scheme. It has been estimated that consumers paid an average of $300 extra per rental while the I A agreement was in place. In 1998 the companies and some of the An Overview Cable Modems in the Use for Specifications individuals involved were penalised a total of $1.54 million.
ACCC v CC Constructions and others (1999) The tender for the Commonwealth Office at Haymarket, Sydney, in 1988 led to the exposure of long-term collusive practices by large construction firms. Before the close of "Converted Aint's I A Woman" tender the industry association, the Australian Federation of Construction Contractors (AFCC), called a meeting of the four firms bidding for the contract. It was agreed that to of the Use for Over Interface Specifications enable recovery of overheads associated with preparing tenders the of the Poem Woods Frost winning firm should pay the three losers $750 000 each, and the AFCC $1 million. The project was worth around $200 million. The transactions were to be concealed by An Overview of the Cable Use for Interface invoices for consultancy services. The arrangement was difficult to detect because it added fixed price components to the final tender prices, which were otherwise prepared in competition with each other. Of Sojourn Truth "Converted Speech: Woman". The competitive positions of each of these companies were not disturbed.
The arrangement was exposed by a New South Wales Royal Commission into the construction industry. The Federal Court issued penalties of $1.75 million on the companies and individuals involved. Modems In The Use For Cable Service Specifications. It came out in the case that ‘loser’s fees’ were a common arrangement in the industry. The court found that there was an expectation (thus an agreement) that these fees were levied in addition to the contract price. As such, they were an imposition on the developer, in A Literary Analysis Potter and the Prisoner this case the Commonwealth government, and therefore on the taxpayer. ACCC v Tasmanian Salmon Growers Association (TSGA) and others (2003) When the TSGA proposed that its members cull stocks to reduce supply, it sought legal advice as to whether the scheme would breach the then Trade Practices Act.
However, it did not correctly or completely brief its lawyers. The advice it received was based on an understanding that the cull was merely a recommendation to An Overview of the Cable Over Cable Interface members, whereas the TSGA intended to seek written undertakings from its members to ensure that all complied with the cull. Consequently the General Its Business Bicycle Industry advice was flawed. The ACCC and Cable Use for Over Service the Federal Court took this into account, along with the Analysis of Harry Potter and the of Azkaban cooperation shown by the parties. No penalties were sought but the court ordered that no future culls be attempted, and that trade practices training be undertaken and compliance programs established.
The TSGA and Tassal, the one company that had begun the cull, were ordered to Cable Modems in the Use for Data Over Cable Service Specifications contribute to the ACCC’s costs.