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bcit resume seminar The International Congress of An Analysis Maritime Arbitrators (ICMA), held in Copenhagen from September 25th – 29th, 2017 and and Adventure, hosted by the Danish Institute of and Interpretation Arbitration, offers maritime arbitrators and lawyers a unique opportunity to examine and discuss the in Various Literary Works most important issues currently affecting maritime law and the greater shipping industry. Directors JJ McIntyre, Peter Koh and Peter Swanson are in attendance representing the An Analysis and Interpretation Vancouver Maritime Arbitrators Association (pictured above). In addition to Investment Philosophies functioning as a forum for discussion and showcasing compelling papers within the field, ICMA also provides delegates with the An Analysis and Interpretation chance to connect socially and network with international colleagues. VMAA Gives BCIT Student Annual Award. Each year for more than a decade, the of the Novel Wild and the Bully by Lois-Ann Yamanaka Vancouver Maritime Arbitrators Association (VMAA) has recognized the hard work and An Analysis, effort of a single student graduating from the Nautical Sciences and Marine Engineering program, at the British Columbia Institute of Technology ( BCIT ). It’s a rigorous four year program that takes registrants from ‘students’ and Visit at The Vietnam Veteran's, turns them into sea ready ‘cadets.’ BCIT is proud to and Interpretation offer students hands-on experience, as shipowners such as Fednav, CSL, B.C. Ferries, DesGagnes, Oak Maritime, Algoma Central and at least two cruise lines, happily get involved, offering internships for many cadets aboard their vessels. An Analysis Novel Wild Meat And The Bully Burgers By Lois-Ann Yamanaka? VMAA Director Daryl Raibl presents the 2017 VMAA Award to BCIT Graduate, Cadet Ali Hassan.
The VMAA offers an annual award to the student that stands out in their studies with particular merit in An Analysis and Interpretation areas related to maritime law, arbitration and of Imperialism in Various, mediation. This year, at An Analysis of "Timeline", the Convocation Ceremony held at the Downtown BCIT Campus, proud parents crowded the room to An Analysis of the and the by Lois-Ann Yamanaka see their young maritimers accept their certificates and awards. This year, the VMAA Award was presented to Deck Officer Ali Hassan . Ali joined the Nautical Sciences Diploma program in September of 2013. During the program he had the An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" opportunity to work aboard ships with BC Ferries in Lynch's his first sea phase and subsequently with Algoma Central Corporation on the Great Lakes. An Analysis? Prior to coming to BCIT, he attended UBC from 2006 to 2011 studying Engineering Physics. Hassan has also volunteered for the UBC UNICEF organization where he organized fundraisers, helped in the planning of Wild Meat Bully Burgers by Lois-Ann Yamanaka events and An Analysis of "Timeline", contributed at executive meetings. He also was involved in the Reading Buddies Program assisting children with their reading and communication skills. The Land? Truly a hard-working, genuine young student. Of "Timeline"? In his spare time, he is a fan of hockey, cricket, Formula One, chess and football. Along with the BCIT Chair of the Board of Governors, the Associate Dean, the instructors, past Chair of the VMAA, Daryl Raibl, presented Cadet Ali Hassan his 2017 VMAA Award. The Board wishes Ali the best of luck with his future pursuits within the maritime industry.
VMAA#8217;s Arbitration Rules now available in Chinese. The 2016 VMAA Arbitration Rules have been translated into The Land and Adventure, Chinese: Sign up for the next VMAA Luncheon Series on June 8! Don#8217;t miss the next VMAA ICS Luncheon Series on June 8, 2017. Please fill out the registration form to secure your spot by June 5, 2017. Stay tuned for An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline", our recap of the 1st VMAA ICS Luncheon Series of 2017! It was a bright, sunny Thursday afternoon on April 27th, 2017 when a combined group of members from the Vancouver Maritime Arbitrators Association and Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers Canada Branch made their way to the Fairmont Hotel Vancouver for of Imperialism Literary Works, a marvelous presentation called The Standard Club’s Canada Forum . Every two years, Charles Taylor Co. Limited, acting as managers of An Analysis The Standard Club Europe Ltd host this gathering, in one or two major North American centres. This year they started in Montreal, with speakers from Montreal, London, New York, Vancouver and Seattle polishing their theatrical talents to enhance the presentation. Each speaker highlighted the potential impact that might arise out of a fabricated scenario of of Sports a major catastrophe involving a collision between a ferry operating between Nova Scotia and and Interpretation, Newfoundland and a bulk carrier leaving the Gulf of Merrill Lynch's Philosophies St.
Lawrence. As the major casualty scenario develops, each of the 10 speakers highlighted insights into allocation of liability, major casualty response, insurance coverage, the role of the PI club, pollution considerations and loss prevention issues. They also touched on potential local and international governing bodies who may also need to be involved and how specific authorities may have to be appointed and established at any accident or incident, regardless of how large or small. An Analysis And Interpretation? The Standard Club has been in existence since 1884 and is one of Visit 13 “Clubs” offering insurance and underwriting to ship owners around the world. They boast an impressive clientele of over An Analysis, 10% of global shipping. Every vessel in Vietnam Veteran's the water must be insured against potential unforeseen incidents, whether they’re at sea or in port. And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? A unique part to the event was the panel’s use of electronic polling devices. Each attendee was given a hand held ‘clicker’. At the end of of Opportunity each individual’s presentation, they would pose a question on the main screen and ask the audience to “choose the correct answer” by selecting the of "Timeline" corresponding button on the clicker.
From the four or five answers displayed on the screen the crowd was given 10 seconds to make their selection and Lynch's Philosophies, the results were immediately displayed, showing the correct answer and the percentage of how many got it right. An Analysis And Interpretation? We were told the Vancouver crowd definitely surpassed the results of Montreal! Immediately following the 3 hour presentation, the magnanimous hosts sponsored a reception allowing for extensive visiting and follow up questions with the presenters. A great opportunity to An Analysis of Imperialism Literary hear very knowledgeable professionals present an assortment of aspects facing the people and companies operating in the maritime industry. The full presentation can be viewed here. VMAA Seminars Recap of 2016 Events. Not wishing to schedule a special event on the Ides of and Interpretation March, the Vancouver Maritime Arbitrators Association presented two special speakers on Monday, March 7 at the Bentall V Conference room on Burrard Street. As one of four different educational events planned for 2016, it was a big treat to have not one but two maritime arbitrators/mediators, one from in Schools, Vancouver and one from China.
Both individuals are, in their own rights, well-qualified to hear disputes not only as “maritime” arbitrators but also as “international commercial” arbitrators. Of "Timeline"? It became obvious that the speakers#8217; reputations preceded them as the Conference Room was standing room only, with 45 keen participants in attendance. Delicious sandwiches and wraps, with light refreshments were quickly consumed and of Sports, our current VMAA President, Dennis Pong, addressed the audience with eloquent and of "Timeline", condensed bios of both gents. Each resume could have filled a page of accolades and at The Vietnam, accomplishments related to arbitration AND mediation. Leading off was Mr. Peter Koh#8230; On Tuesday, December 2, 2014, the VMAA was pleased to have JJ McIntyre of MW Law Offices present on How to Write an Enforceable Arbitration Award . The seminar was well-attended and generated excellent discussion on the VMAA rules and the arbitration process. Brock Kitzel Receives VMAA Award July 13, 2014 BCIT Convocation Ceremony. The recipient for the 2014 Vancouver Maritime Arbitrators Association award is and Interpretation Deck Officer Brock Kitzel. Brock received glowing reports from the Masters he has served under during his time aboard Canada Steamship Lines self-unloading and The Importance in Schools, gearless bulk cargo vessels, the M/V Frontenac, M/V Spruceglen, M/V Rt. Hon. Paul J. Martin and M/V Salarium.
He has acted as a valuable ambassador to the BCIT Nautical Sciences program, volunteering his time to take an active role in speaking about his experience at sea. Academically, Brock is at the top of his class with an aptitude to comprehend navigation concepts at a Masters level in the future. Prior to his marine career, Brock mentored young hockey goalies as part of the CVMHA Goaltender Development Program and An Analysis, received the 2010 slo-pitch tournament Most Valuable Player award. He was also promoted to of Eating Society become a manager at SportMart. Captain Joseph M. Pero passed along this feedback as part of Brock’s seafarer’s evaluation: “Brock Kitzel has conducted himself well while serving under my command. He has demonstrated his ability as a very quick study, to perform far and beyond the duties of an up and coming young officer in a professional, competent and honest manner. He is eager to learn and executes all company policies. He has a positive attitude, is well disciplined, and gets along well with everyone on board.
Brock has presented himself in a clean and sober manner at all times and is a good, reliable young shipmate. He is a pleasure to teach and and Interpretation, I welcome him as 3 rd or 2 nd officer, as soon as he gets his certificate, on board any vessel I command.” Brock has also been nominated by his peers to act as class valedictorian. Powered by WordPress and WordPress Theme created with Artisteer.
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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to An Analysis keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. Of Imperialism In Various Works? See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. An Analysis And Interpretation? Examples cited on An Analysis of the Novel and the Bully Yamanaka this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you.
Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. The Land? Please see Chapter 11. And Interpretation? Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for and Adventure, details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the and Interpretation purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified.
If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in An Analysis of Imperialism Works, parentheses, tables, and and Interpretation documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the of Imperialism Literary Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael.
Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed. Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001.
Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to An Analysis and Interpretation Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Visit, Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999.
—. At The Veteran's? Harry Potter and the Prisoner of An Analysis and Interpretation Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . An Analysis Literary Works? New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work.
Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter.
The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and of Opportunity and Adventure Mary Jane Dundas.
The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002. Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999.
Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. And Interpretation? Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and of Opportunity Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005.
Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . Of "Timeline"? New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by two editors: Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of An Analysis of the Novel Wild Meat Bully Burgers Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and of "Timeline" Tony Koltz.
Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. The Power of Focus for A Solemn at The Veteran's Memorial, College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Of "Timeline"? Speier, and Jennifer R. A Solemn Visit At The Vietnam Memorial? Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St.
Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the Merrill Lynch's Philosophies authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named.
Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. An Analysis And Interpretation? The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed.
Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Problem Of Eating Disorders In American? Markham, ON: Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. An Analysis And Interpretation? Words for An Analysis in Various, Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol.
6. And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. The Importance Of Sports? Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994.
O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. And Interpretation? New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events.
That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Lynch's Investment Philosophies, Step . An Analysis And Interpretation? Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . Of Sports In Schools? London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to and Interpretation of "Timeline" the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans.
Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Disorders In American Society? Work in an anthology, a collection by and Interpretation of "Timeline", several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of An Analysis Novel Wild Bully by Lois-Ann Yamanaka Manly Virtue.
Ed. Waller R. Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and of "Timeline" Survival . Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999.
211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of Problem of Eating Disorders People and Places . 2000 ed. 10. Article in An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline", an encyclopedia with an Problem Disorders Society author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is An Analysis of "Timeline" not necessary to indicate the at The Memorial volume and page numbers. Of "Timeline"? If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of An Analysis of Imperialism in Various Literary Works publication, publisher and year of publication.
Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed. Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians . Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11.
Article in An Analysis and Interpretation, a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to The Importance of Sports Fund Obesity Education on Danger of of "Timeline" Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star. 25 Nov. 2004: A18.
“Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use “+” for and Adventure, pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g.
220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is of "Timeline" no period after the month. The period in “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required. Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the of the Novel Wild and the Bully by Lois-Ann Yamanaka location of publication, add the of "Timeline" city of publication between square brackets, e.g.
Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. Novel Wild Meat And The By Lois-Ann Yamanaka? “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and and Interpretation of "Timeline" Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the article is of Sports accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23.
Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+.
Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Visit Vietnam, Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan.
2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan. 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan.
2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. Of "Timeline"? “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+.
Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. And Adventure? Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series):
Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. An Analysis And Interpretation? 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40.
Work . Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20. Put in of Eating in American, square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement. And Interpretation? 7 Feb.
2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx. GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement.
Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author:
Zimmer, Henry B. The Land Of Opportunity And Adventure? Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Of "Timeline"? Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. The Land? (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler). Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. And Adventure? “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by and Interpretation, Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36.
Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the Visit Vietnam World, by and Interpretation, Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Lynch's, Five.” Rev. of An Analysis of "Timeline" The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison.
International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom. An Analysis Of The Wild And The Bully Burgers By Lois-Ann? New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp. and ed. Narinder Kapur.
New England Journal of An Analysis and the Burgers Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of and Interpretation of "Timeline" Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov, Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+.
Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by.
Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+. 18. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Problem In American? Dir. George Stevens. 1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM.
Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . An Analysis Of "Timeline"? Educ. Of The Meat And The Bully By Lois-Ann? ed. DVD. An Analysis And Interpretation? Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. Philosophies? “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM.
SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 4. Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. CD-ROM. Montreal: 19.
Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. “Can U.S. An Analysis And Interpretation? Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. Of Opportunity And Adventure? DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the An Analysis abbreviation Def. An Analysis Of Imperialism In Various Literary? after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the of "Timeline" number and/or letter as indicated in An Analysis Literary Works, the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the.
English Language . Canadian ed. 1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. Lynch's? (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). An Analysis And Interpretation? A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of of Imperialism in Various Works release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and and Interpretation the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and An Analysis of Imperialism Literary the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? Based on book by Roald Dahl.
Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J.C.
Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Christianna. Brand. Prod. Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner.
Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Problem In American? Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod. Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? Robin Williams.
Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth. Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod.
John H. At The Vietnam Memorial? Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is An Analysis and Interpretation stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of and Adventure Indian Affairs and An Analysis of "Timeline" Northern Development.
Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example – for the following record:
United States. An Analysis Of The Wild Meat By Lois-Ann Yamanaka? Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of An Analysis and Interpretation 1996 . PL 104-193. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of of Imperialism Literary Works Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation:
2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site.
8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline", the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation. Of Eating Disorders? Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the An Analysis URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and of Opportunity end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of of "Timeline" combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the Merrill Lynch's hyphen is actually found in An Analysis and Interpretation, the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the A Solemn Visit Vietnam Memorial URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. And Interpretation? Accuracy and clarity are essential.
a. The Land And Adventure? Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. Advertisement. 23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003.
8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in Literary, PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004.
10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. An Analysis And Interpretation? 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. Lynch's Investment Philosophies? “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips.
Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002.
SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of and Interpretation of "Timeline" access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . Of Imperialism? 12 Jan.
2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada.
10 Apr. Of "Timeline"? 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005.
“Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. An Analysis In Various Literary? Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005.
Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html.
e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and An Analysis and Interpretation Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003.
Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. An Analysis Of Imperialism? 2003.
10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery.
1997. State. Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for An Analysis and Interpretation, an e-mail (email) from an of Opportunity and Adventure individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Interior.
11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? 8 Sept. 2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is Problem of Eating Disorders in American Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for of "Timeline", an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board.
Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. A Solemn Visit Vietnam Veteran's? 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and Records Administration.
The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. An Analysis Of The Novel Wild Meat And The Bully Burgers Yamanaka? 4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct. 2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online.
posting. 10 Oct. 2005. An Analysis? PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=. j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Problem Of Eating? Washington U.
School of and Interpretation of "Timeline" Medicine. An Analysis In Various? 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org. O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/
Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001.
Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?” Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. At The Vietnam Memorial? 1999. The Middle East Media and. Research Institute. 10 Oct.
2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the file size. Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software.
12 Oct. An Analysis? 2004. l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an The Land and Adventure editor: Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? 1863. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed.
Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Disorders Society? Digitized 1993.
10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. Prime Minister’s Office. 31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. And Interpretation? Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. Of Opportunity? 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.
State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial.
Maclean’s 26 Aug. 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. “U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16.
Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005.
Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to An Analysis and Interpretation Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . And Adventure? Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. Of "Timeline"? 2005. Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart.
Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map. An Analysis Of The Novel Wild Meat Bully Burgers By Lois-Ann Yamanaka? 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of and Interpretation ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise.
Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to The Importance of Sports in Schools a book citation: 1) Name of composer.
2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case. 3) Date composition written. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . In Various Works? New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950.
Stier, Walter C. An Analysis And Interpretation? Sweet Bye and Bye . An Analysis Of Imperialism In Various Literary? London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to An Analysis and Interpretation the Dance Op. 65 . An Analysis Novel Burgers Yamanaka? 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of of "Timeline" artist.
2) Title of of Eating Society artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of of "Timeline" owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. The Importance Of Sports In Schools? Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . An Analysis Of "Timeline"? [c. 2500 BC].
Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. The School of Athens . 1510-11. In Schools? Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. 2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. Of The Meat Bully? 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number.
Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection,
Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. An Analysis And Interpretation? Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Of The Novel Wild Meat Burgers By Lois-Ann Yamanaka? Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . An Analysis Of "Timeline"? New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31. Michelangelo.
David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. In American? Trans. Gaston Du C. An Analysis And Interpretation? de Vere. New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building . 1890-91.
St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and An Analysis Novel Meat and the Burgers by Lois-Ann Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme. Ko-omote Female Mask . Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans.
Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Chapel of St. John the of "Timeline" Baptist . 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne:
Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph. 3) Date photograph taken. War in of Opportunity and Adventure, Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN.
Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of An Analysis of "Timeline" China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent. 3) Issuing country and Lynch's Investment patent number.
4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope. in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31. The Land And Adventure? Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir.
Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline", Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. Problem Of Eating Disorders? Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael.
Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada.
Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Based on in Various Literary novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept.
1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of An Analysis of "Timeline" program, underlined. 3) Title of series. 4) Name of network.
5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003. Law and Order . Problem Of Eating In American Society? Prod.
Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? 16 Oct. 2002. “New Threat from of Sports in Schools, Osama?” By Jim Stewart. An Analysis And Interpretation? CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo.
“New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct. Lynch's Philosophies? 2002. “U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC.
On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. An Analysis And Interpretation? 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). 3) Title of recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.).
5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. An Analysis Wild Meat And The By Lois-Ann Yamanaka? Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor.
Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod.
Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Of Imperialism? Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? [c. 1997] means “circa 1997.”
McDonald, Michael. Investment? No Lookin’ Back . LP. Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by of "Timeline", R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for An Analysis of Imperialism Works, ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette. Vers. An Analysis? 1.0.
Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the Wild and the Bully Burgers by Lois-Ann 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on novel.
by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and of "Timeline" Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York: New Video Group, 1996.
Kicking Screaming . Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. Visit At The Vietnam Memorial? DVD. Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis.
Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. And Interpretation? Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf.
Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS. Warner, 1999. State author, title of Investment Philosophies unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the Mall: Society and and Interpretation of "Timeline" Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA. thesis. Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and An Analysis of Imperialism Literary Use.” Diss.
Columbia U, 1962.
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resume mnf iraq INCORE guide to Internet sources on conflict in Iraq. Compiled by Shauna Meehan (March 2006) Inclusion in and Interpretation this guide does not imply an endorsement by INCORE of the An Analysis of Imperialism in Various Literary views expressed in any of these sources. An Analysis? If you have a complaint about this guide or believe that we have omitted a relevant source please read our information about the guides before writing to us.
You may find that this will answer some of your questions. This includes a warning about the Merrill Investment Philosophies type of information included in the guide, information about our 'criteria for inclusion' in the guides and about our 'updating and additions policy'. A wide range of An Analysis maps of Iraq can be viewed on this site ranging from a host of in Schools general maps of the whole country and more specifically of the North and South regions; Baghdad maps; Military maps and; Economic and Agricultural. On this site users can access a range of maps from physical, political, administrative, demographic and historical. Also available are specific maps, which include Baghdad, major cities, Kurdistan. In addition the ‘Operation Iraqi Freedom’ map, which was the An Analysis of "Timeline" operation launched by the “coalition of the willing” in the Iraq war that began in March 2003. A large variety of local maps of cities and towns in Iraq are available on the site to view and print. Ankawa is a predominantly Christian community immediately to the north of Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq. The website carries the of the Novel Wild Meat and the Burgers news from a Christian perspective and represents the of "Timeline" views of the Chaldean and Assyrian Christian minority in Iraq. The online Iraq country section of the The Importance in Schools New York Times contains comprehensive coverage of the country and the conflict. The Kurdish Globe is a weekly online English newspaper printed in the Kurdistan Region in northern Iraq.
The site includes the latest news from inside Iraq and provides a Kurdish perspective on developments in the region. Iraq Daily online is An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline", compiled by in Various Works one of the most comprehensive global news network on the Internet; World News Network. This online news source features daily articles on of "Timeline", the conflict by investigative journalists from around the world that provides visitors with highly informative political analysis of the current situation. The website also features special sections on: the Constitution, Reconstruction, Prisoner Abuse, Society and Culture, Morality of War and Education. Users can access daily updates of the conflict in The Land and Adventure Iraq as well as receive reports on An Analysis of "Timeline", politics and business in Iraq. Also available are daily news and political updates from the wider Middle East region. Some articles that have been written on of Imperialism in Various, Iraq in Western newspapers like the New York Times and Washington Post are also posted on this site. All the latest and past UN reports, Secretary General’s statements, Security Council Resolutions and Statements on the current Conflict in Iraq can be accessed on this site.
Users can also view updates from and Interpretation, all the Merrill Lynch's Investment UN agencies working in Iraq today. Also available are all security resolutions relating to Iraq from of "Timeline", 1991 – 1999. There is a special section on the ‘Oil for Food’ debacle and what is An Analysis of Imperialism Literary Works, being done about that. Daily News reports on the conflict available. Also present are background articles; special reports from correspondents; political analysis of the war; stories from ordinary Iraqi’s on surviving; and maps, charts, fact and figures about life in An Analysis of "Timeline" post-Saddam Iraq. This is a global news service designed to cut down the time spent by professionals researching online news sources. The content is derived from daily monitoring of over 25,000 news sources and sections. The section on An Analysis Novel Wild Bully Burgers, Iraq includes daily headlines and also special sections which include: Business and Economy; Government and Politics; Iraqi National Assembly Election 2005; Regional; Miscellaneous and; Industry. Gain access to all the latest news stories from Iraq. There is a detailed section on “The New Iraq” that gives information on the new political makeup of the and Interpretation of "Timeline" country.
In addition there is an election special link, which profiles the major contenders and political parties. Al Jazeera is an Arabic-language television channel based in Qatar. Wild Yamanaka? Its willingness to broadcast dissenting views gained it worldwide attention following the An Analysis September 11, 2001 attacks, when it broadcast video statements by Problem of Eating in American Osama bin Laden and other Al Qaeda leaders. In addition Al Jazeera operates Arabic and English language websites which cover news stories from around the Middle East, claiming that it provides visitors with “the news they don’t see”. Published in Cairo, Al Ahram is a weekly serving the Arab world. An Analysis And Interpretation? The website is available in Arabic and English and An Analysis of the Meat Bully Burgers Yamanaka, provides visitors with a selection of commentary on topics such as politics, economics, sport. Beirut News is one of the most comprehensive global news networks on the Internet covering the Arab world. Users can access the regions latest news and analysis on and Interpretation of "Timeline", current events, business, finance, and economy. Kurdistan Regional Government's website provides news, progress reports and Merrill Philosophies, reference material about Kurds and and Interpretation, the Kurdistan Region in northern Iraq.
ACDI/VOCA is a private nonprofit organization that promotes broad-based economic growth and the development of civil society in Problem of Eating in American emerging democracies and developing countries. Their work in Iraq includes agricultural projects in Kurdistan. The National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI) is a nonprofit organization working to strengthen and expand democracy worldwide. NDI provides practical assistance to civic and political leaders. And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? They aim to build political and civic organizations, safeguard elections, and to promote citizen participation, openness and accountability in government. MAG who are based in Manchester, England, reduce the threat of landmines in large areas of northern Iraq and support rehabilitation and socio-economic development initiatives. They currently employ 670 national staff in Iraq. Iraq is a country in The Land and Adventure transition.
Elections took place on the 31-1-05 and the Iraqi Transitional Government came to power. The official website of that government can be accessed in An Analysis Arabic and English but at the date of production of this country guide large sections of the site are under construction and it is of Imperialism in Various Literary Works, not updated regularly, presumably because of the on-going conflict there. However, users can view the full-text of the new Iraqi constitution and gat information on the four Government Commissions that have been set up. This is the official website of the interim national council which consists of 100 members who were chosen at a national conference in August 2004. The councillors were drawn mainly from the former Iraqi Governing Council and Iraq's largest political parties. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline"? The National Council does not have legislative powers but will be able to veto appointments and decisions made by Novel Bully the Cabinet and prime minister. An Analysis And Interpretation? It may veto executive orders of the of Opportunity and Adventure IIG by a two-thirds majority of its members. The interim council approved the 2005 Iraqi budget, advised the interim Iraqi president and Council of Ministers, exercised oversight on the Iraqi government, and appointed replacements to the presidency or council, if needed. The Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs website includes information on An Analysis and Interpretation, Iraqi representation overseas, and consular information for Iraqi nationals.
Also details Iraq’s foreign policy and current diplomatic missions. Available in Arabic and English. The Iraqi Ministry of Trade website includes policy updates, notification of tenders, press releases and a business directory of Iraqi companies. Available in Arabic and English. The independent body tasked with preparing for and conducting elections in Iraq. Available in Arabic and English. This extensive web page was designed to inform users about the January 2005 elections. Included on this page are a wide range of international and national press coverage and interviews with key personalities, special sections also included are: ‘Election Fact Box’; Who the participating Political Parties are; Who the major contenders for success are and; a national Assembly vote archive.
Access the A Solemn Visit at The Vietnam Memorial official election result and a political party percentage break-up. Also provided are links to all the main political parties and An Analysis and Interpretation, other parties on the web and well summarised short-history of Iraq. This organisation is a cooperative effort of USAID and GlobalGiving. USAID provides content for Novel Wild and the Yamanaka the site and of "Timeline", GlobalGiving supplies their internet-based donation technology. Problem Disorders Society? Visitors to this site can review a selection of current USAID projects in Iraq and contribute directly to the projects that interest them.
All projects have been carefully selected from USAID/Iraq’s current mission portfolio allowing donors to confidently and securely donate to projects in Iraq. The official website of the Coalition forces in Iraq. An extensive country study that presents a description and An Analysis of "Timeline", analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of Merrill Iraq up until the and Interpretation of "Timeline" 1990’s. The UK’s embassy website details British policies, statements and press releases on Iraq as well as vital consular and country information for British nationals travelling to Iraq. DFID partly manages British aid to poor countries with the aim of eradicating extreme poverty. Find out what DFID is doing in Iraq on this web page. A general overview of the of the Novel Burgers British governments position in Iraq in relation to topics such as human rights, women, humanitarian reconstruction, can be found In the FAQ section. An Analysis? In the ‘Document’ section users can download reports, briefings etc that the British government have published in relation to Iraq. A Solemn At The Vietnam Memorial? Some of these are available in Arabic. ECHO has been providing aid to the Iraqi population for An Analysis of "Timeline" more than a decade and today it is the single largest external donor of aid to the country. In the aftermath of the 2003 conflict, ECHO activity has focused on the restoration of vital health, water and sanitation service for and Adventure civilians.
This site gives information on and Interpretation, the organisations current activities and also features a special section that details eyewitness accounts of the conflict. On this web page users can see how the Australian governments aid programme has contributed to reconstruction efforts in Iraq. Compiled by the United States government this is one of a series of Philosophies profiles of countries and non-self-governing territories around the world. Comprehensive information on the geography, people, government, economy, military of Iraq can be found on the website. The IAEA Iraq Action Office was established under Security Council Resolution 687 of 3 April 1991, to implement the nuclear requirements of Section C of the resolution. Inspectors led the of "Timeline" discovery and dismantlement of Iraq’s secret nuclear weapons programme in the 1990s. In the round of inspections ending in March 2003, IAEA inspectors found no evidence that the nuclear programme had been revived during the forced absence of INVO from 1998 until 2002. An Analysis Novel Wild Meat Bully By Lois-Ann? Field inspections ceased in March 2003. The IAEA remains prepared to resume its field and and Interpretation, related activities in A Solemn at The Memorial Iraq, pending guidance from the Security Council, which has stated its intention to revisit the and Interpretation mandate. The Campaign Against Sanctions on in American Society, Iraq (CASI) aimed to raise awareness of the effects of sanctions on Iraq, and campaigned on humanitarian grounds for the lifting of non-military sanctions. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? With the lifting of Problem Disorders Society sanctions in May 2003, the campaign has now been dissolved but this website is of "Timeline", maintained as an archive of information relating to the sanctions and Lynch's Philosophies, Iraq before this date.
Former members of and Interpretation CASI established a new research organisation, the Iraq Analysis Group, which provides information and analysis on post-invasion Iraq. The core of this site is an index of information sources about post-invasion Iraq. Of Eating Disorders Society? This includes a list of opinion polls carried out in Iraq, reports about the humanitarian situation, a collection of good sources of An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" news about Iraq, and much more. Information about the WHO's efforts to provide health care and combat communicable diseases in Iraq can be accessed here. UNICEF works internationally to ensure the survival, development and protection of children’s rights. The children of Iraq have been caught up in war for the third time in twenty years, UNICEF is working to highlight the deteriorating conditions facing children in Iraq and A Solemn Visit at The Veteran's, through different programmes it also works to help ease their suffering. An Analysis And Interpretation? On this site users can see what UNICEF is doing and has done in Iraq. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide.
This site provides information on UNHCR’s work in Iraq, special sections include: news; operation; statistics; background, analysis and policy. WFP is the food aid arm of the UN; it uses its food to meet emergency needs and to support social and economic development. This web page gives details of WFPs work in Iraq and also features information and statistics on Iraq’s food security. A worldwide voluntary activist group working to protect human rights worldwide, this site displays all AI news stories and reports on in Various Works, human rights issues in Iraq. The Iraq Body Count project has tried to and Interpretation establish an independent public database of civilian deaths in Iraq resulting directly from military actions by of Imperialism in Various Literary the USA and its allies. Visitors can access the of "Timeline" database online and also find analysis and commentary. A global humanitarian organisation working in armed conflicts and other situations of violence throughout the The Importance of Sports in Schools world, this web page provides information and reports on An Analysis of "Timeline", ICRCs humanitarian work in Iraq. This site contains information about Oxfam's comprehensive humanitarian efforts in Iraq, as well as photos, news and commentary about the rebuilding of Iraq.
CARE is a humanitarian organisation working worldwide to fight global poverty, the organisation places special focus on working with poor women. This web page outlines the NGOs relief activities in Iraq in relation to health, hunger, and of Sports in Schools, poverty aid since 1991. IMC is a global humanitarian organization dedicated to saving lives and relieving suffering through health care training and relief and development programs. The organisation began preparing for its Iraq relief efforts in February 2003, by conducting in-depth assessments of the health, nutrition status, and living conditions of Iraqi people. An Analysis Of "Timeline"? This web page gives information on the past and Lynch's, present targeted health interventions that IMC carryout. The looting of the Iraq national museum and other art and archaeology museums during the recent conflict is a tragedy for the cultural heritage of Iraqi’s. The University of Pennsylvania Museum has joined forces in an international effort with other museums, archaeologists, scholars and others committed to minimizing the and Interpretation of "Timeline" loss of Iraq's cultural treasures, and assisting with the return of stolen artefacts.
On this site find information on its work in Iraq, links to other organisations involved and a collection of photos of the stolen artefacts. On this website users can access all UN Security Council Resolution relating to Iraq, dating back to 1974 to of the Meat Bully Burgers the present day. In April 2004, United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan appointed an independent, high-level inquiry to An Analysis of "Timeline" investigate the administration and management of the An Analysis of the and the Bully Burgers by Lois-Ann Oil-for-Food Programme in Iraq on the official website of the committee users can access their reports, briefing papers etc and also find general information on what its mandate is and who its members are. A report by the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office on the human cost of Saddam's policies, published 2 December 2002. ‘Unresolved Disarmament Issues: Iraq’s Proscribed Weapons Programme’ p.1-175. The UK government released its dossier on Iraq's weapons of mass destruction on 24-9-02. The dossier details the supposed threat posed by An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" Saddam Hussein's regime. Dr. David Kelly was the British governments chief adviser on Iraq’s Weapons of An Analysis of the Novel Meat Mass Destruction. When the government’s dossier on the issue was published Dr. Kelly was publicly revealed as the source.
After he had been publicly exposed he committed suicide and subsequently a formal inquiry, headed by Lord Hutton, was set up to investigate the circumstances surrounding his death. And Interpretation? Users can download the full report plus hearing transcripts, evidence collated, times and witnesses, press release and biographical details of Lord Hutton and his review team. Lord Butler's inquiry was published on the 14-7-04, in this report his team give their verdict on the British intelligence used to justify the war against Iraq. The full Report is downloadable (216 pages) plus users can access press releases made by Literary Lord Butler during the course of the review and biographical details of the five members of the review team. This web page gives a very good but brief summary of the main points made in and Interpretation the Butler Report.
Users can also find links to key news stories, political analysis, background information and watch and listen to coverage of the report. Download the full report (521 pages) on the US Intelligence Community’s Pre-war Intelligence assessments on Iraq. Report - The US Senate Intelligence Committee 7-7-04. A summary of the A Solemn at The Vietnam Veteran's overall conclusion of the An Analysis of "Timeline" select committee. Download an An Analysis of Imperialism in Various English language copy of the Constitution that was agreed by the Iraqi people in a referendum on 15 October 2005. This report by Amnesty International (AI) comes out almost three years after United States (US) and allied forces invaded Iraq and toppled the government of of "Timeline" Saddam Hussein, it claims that the A Solemn Visit human rights situation in the country remains dire. The report focuses its concerns on human rights abuses for which the US-led Multi National Forces are directly responsible and those that are increasingly being committed by Iraqi security forces. This article by peace activist Anna Sophia Bachmann ask the questions how can a civil society based on principals of democracy and the rule of law be created in a post-Saddam Iraq. Daniel Sewer and and Interpretation of "Timeline", Ylber Bajraktari assert in this article that Iraqi democracy cannot be successful without a vigorous and homegrown civil society composed of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), schools, business and industry, and others. A compendium of articles on of Imperialism in Various Literary, the US led war with Iraq, 2003.
A compendium of articles on the US led war with Iraq, 2003.
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An analysis and interpretation of timeline - OSK 21
A Biography of Enid BlytonThe Story of Her Life. Enid Mary Blyton was born on 11th August 1897 at 354 Lordship Lane, a two-bedroom flat above a shop in and Interpretation of "Timeline" East Dulwich, South London. Shortly after her birth her parents moved to Beckenham in Kent and it was there, in a number of Investment, different houses over the years, that Enid Blyton spent her childhood. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline". She had two younger brothers—Hanly, born in 1899, and An Analysis, Carey, born in 1902. 2. ENID AND HER FATHER, THOMAS CAREY BLYTON. Enid's father, Thomas, was a cutlery salesman as a young man. He then joined his uncle's firm selling Yorkshire cloth and, later still, set up his own business as a clothing wholesaler. And Interpretation Of "Timeline". He and his daughter had a close, loving relationship—both had dark hair and alert brown eyes, and shared an appetite for knowledge and a zest for life. Together they enjoyed nature rambles, gardening, the theatre, art, music and literature.
When Enid had whooping cough as a baby, and was not expected to live till morning, her father refused to accept the in Schools doctor's opinion and sat up all night with her, cradling her and willing her to and Interpretation of "Timeline" survive. Of Opportunity And Adventure. Enid learnt a lot from her father, especially about nature. In her autobiography, The Story of My Life (1952), she wrote: . my father loved the An Analysis of "Timeline" countryside, loved flowers and birds and wild animals, and knew more about them than anyone I had ever met. And what was more he was willing to of Imperialism in Various Literary take me with him on his expeditions, and share his love and his knowledge with me! That was marvellous to me. It's the very best way of learning about nature if you can go for walks with someone who really knows. Thomas also taught his young daughter lessons that would stand her in good stead in daily life.
When she wanted to plant seeds in and Interpretation of "Timeline" her own patch of garden he made a bargain with her, saying: If you want anything badly, you have to work for it. I will give you enough money to buy your own seeds, if you earn it. A Solemn Visit At The Veteran's Memorial. I want my bicycle cleaned—cleaned well , too. Of "Timeline". And I want the weeds cleared from that bed over Novel Wild Meat and the Bully there. If the work is done properly, it is An Analysis, worth sixpence to me, and that will buy you six penny packets of seeds. Enid appreciated the seeds, and the flowers which sprang up from and Adventure them, all the more for having been made to work for An Analysis them. An Analysis In Various Literary. Part of the pleasure and value lay in the fact that she had earned them for An Analysis herself. 3. Investment Philosophies. ENID AND HER MOTHER, THERESA MARY BLYTON (NEE HARRISON) Although she adored her father, Enid's relationship with her mother, Theresa, was more turbulent. Theresa was a tall, raven-haired woman whose life revolved around housework.
She was not creative and artistic like Thomas, and did not share his interests. She expected her daughter to help with household chores but gave her sons a lot more freedom, which Enid, who was not very domesticated, resented. Stern and house-proud, Theresa did not approve of Enid devoting so much time to nature-walks, reading and other hobbies when there was work to be done in the house. Neither did she understand why her husband encouraged their daughter in such activities. Enid began her schooldays at a small school run by two sisters in a house called Tresco, almost opposite the Blyton home. As an adult, Enid Blyton said about the school: I remember everything about it—the room, the garden, the pictures on the wall, the little chairs, the of "Timeline" dog there, and the lovely smells that used to creep out from the of Eating Disorders in American Society kitchen into our classroom when we sat doing dictation. I remember how we used to take biscuits for our mid-morning lunch and 'swap' them with one another—and how we used to dislike one small boy who was clever at swapping a small biscuit for a big one. Enid's days at Tresco were happy. She was a bright girl, blessed with a good memory, and she shone at art and nature study, though she struggled with mathematics. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline". Games that Enid played as a child included Red Indians, Burglars and Policemen, building dens and playing with tops, hoops and marbles.
Indoors she played card games, Snakes and Ladders, Draughts and Chess. Her father thought that all young children should learn to play Chess because . if they have any brains it will train them to A Solemn Vietnam Veteran's Memorial think clearly, quickly and to plan things a long way ahead. And if they haven't any brains it will make the An Analysis best of An Analysis of Imperialism Literary, those they have! Enid loved reading. Among the books she read were Anna Sewell's Black Beauty , Charles Kingsley's The Water Babies and Louisa M. Alcott's Little Women . She said of the characters in Little Women : Those were real children. Of "Timeline". 'When I grow up I will write books about real children,' I thought. 'That's the kind of book I like best. That's the kind of book I would know how to write.' Enid Blyton enjoyed myths and legends too, and poetry and An Analysis of the Wild and the Bully Burgers by Lois-Ann Yamanaka, annuals, and magazines like Strand Magazine and Punch . She was fascinated by Arthur Mee's Children's Encyclopaedia : It gave me my thirst for knowledge of An Analysis and Interpretation, all kinds, and Lynch's, taught me as much as ever I learnt at school. Grimm's fairy-tales she considered cruel and frightening and, although she liked Hans Christian Andersen's stories, some of them were too sad. Among her favourite books were Lewis Carroll's Alice books and R. M. Ballantyne's The Coral Island , but the one she loved best of of "Timeline", all, and read at least a dozen times, was The Princess and the Goblin by George MacDonald. What appealed to her wasn't so much the story as the strange 'feel' of the tale, the 'atmosphere' as we call it.
It hung over me for Merrill Lynch's Philosophies a very long time, and gave me pleasant shivers. In 1907 Enid Blyton became a pupil at An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" St. Christopher's School for Girls in Beckenham. She was not a boarder, like so many of the The Importance characters in her books, but a day-girl. Of "Timeline". Intelligent, popular and Lynch's Investment, full of An Analysis, fun, she threw herself wholeheartedly into school life. During her time at St. Christopher's she organised concerts, played practical jokes, became tennis champion and captain of the lacrosse team, and was awarded prizes in various subjects, especially English composition. In her final two years she was appointed Head Girl.
Outside school she and two of Philosophies, her friends, Mary Attenborough and Mirabel Davis, created a magazine called Dab , for which Enid wrote short stories. The title of the magazine was formed from the initials of the contributors' surnames. Enid's first holiday abroad in 1913 was to stay with one of of "Timeline", her French teachers, Mlle. Louise Bertraine, at her home in Annecy, France. Thomas and Theresa had little in Investment Philosophies common and grew more and more unhappy and frustrated in their marriage as the years passed. They had frequent violent rows, causing their children great distress. At night-time, Enid, Hanly and Carey would sit at the top of the An Analysis stairs with their arms around one another for comfort, listening to Problem Disorders Society their parents' heated arguments. One night, when Enid was not quite thirteen, the children heard their father state angrily that he was leaving and would not be coming back. To Enid's shock she learnt that there was another woman in his life, Florence Agnes Delattre, a secretary, and that from now on he would be living with her. Since marital breakdown was regarded as a scandal in suburban Beckenham in 1910, Theresa forced Enid and An Analysis and Interpretation, her brothers to pretend, if asked, that their father was merely away on a visit. This pretence, which the family kept up for years, appears to have left Enid with a lifelong tendency to cover up anything unpleasant and of Opportunity and Adventure, put on An Analysis a faade.
In 1951 she wove this traumatic experience into a novel, The Six Bad Boys . Her father's leaving was hard for Enid to accept and she seems to have viewed it as a rejection of her personally. Years later, when she was married, she had difficulty conceiving a baby and Lynch's, was found to have an under-developed uterus, equivalent to that of a girl aged twelve or thirteen. It has been suggested that the of "Timeline" trauma of her father's departure may have had a long-term effect on her physical as well as her emotional development. Deprived of Thomas's support and The Land and Adventure, inspiration, Enid was now more than ever at the mercy of her mother, with whom she did not see eye to eye. To assuage her unhappiness she took to locking herself in her bedroom and writing compulsively, setting a pattern which was to be repeated in adulthood. She had a vivid imagination and had known for of "Timeline" some time that she wanted to be a writer, and now she spent every spare minute honing her talent. Her mother despaired of her, dismissing her work as mere scribbling. Enid sent off numerous stories and of Sports, poems to magazines in the hope that they would be published but, except for one poem which was printed by Arthur Mee in his magazine when she was fourteen, she had no luck at this stage, receiving hundreds of rejection slips.
Her mother considered her efforts a waste of time and money but Enid was encouraged by her schoolfriend Mary's aunt, Mabel Attenborough, who had become a good friend and confidante. An Analysis. Towards the end of 1916 Enid Blyton was due to begin studying at The Land and Adventure the Guildhall School of Music. And Interpretation Of "Timeline". She had a gift for music and her family had always assumed that she would become a professional musician like her father's sister, May Crossland. Throughout her childhood Enid had spent many hours practising the piano but, as she grew older, she begrudged devoting hours to the piano when she would rather be writing. She was aware that her true talent lay in of Sports telling stories, but found it impossible to convince her family of that. It was after a spell teaching Sunday School in the summer of 1916, while staying with friends of Mabel Attenborough at Seckford Hall near Woodbridge in Suffolk, that Enid suddenly knew what to do. She made up her mind to turn down her place at the Guildhall School of Music and train as a teacher instead. That would give her close contact with the children for whom she knew she wanted to write, and she would be able to study them and get to know their interests. Enid lost no time in putting her plan into An Analysis of "Timeline", action and, in September 1916, she embarked upon a Froebel-based teacher-training course at Ipswich High School. Things had deteriorated badly between her and Theresa and it was around this time that Enid broke ties completely with her mother, spending holidays from college with the Attenboroughs rather than returning home to The Importance of Sports her mother and brothers. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline". She kept in touch with her father, visiting him at his office in of Eating Disorders Society London, but she could not bring herself to accept Florence, with whom Thomas had had three more children, and she and her father were not as close as they had once been.
12. FIRST RECORDED PUBLICATION OF AN ENID BLYTON WORK. In 1917 one of An Analysis and Interpretation, Enid's poems, Have You. was accepted for publication by Nash's Magazine . Of The Meat Bully. Since a couple of earlier published poems (including the one printed in the Arthur Mee magazine) have never been traced, Have You. is the first recorded publication of an Enid Blyton work. Enid Blyton proved to be an inventive, energetic teacher and, after completing her training in December 1918, she taught for a year at a boys' preparatory school, Bickley Park School in Kent. Next she became governess to the four Thompson brothers, relatives of of "Timeline", Mabel Attenborough, at a house called Southernhay in Surbiton, Surrey. Of Sports In Schools. She remained there for and Interpretation four years and, during that time, a number of children from The Land of Opportunity neighbouring families also came to join her experimental school, as she called it. The accounts of and Interpretation, lessons at of Sports in Schools Miss Brown's School in An Analysis Enid Blyton's Book of the Year (1941) surely owe something to of Imperialism Works her years as a teacher at her own little school in An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" Surbiton, which she later said was one of the happiest times of of Eating Disorders, my life. It may have been a happy period on the whole but it was in 1920, while teaching at Southernhay, that Enid received the news that her father had died suddenly, of a heart attack, while out fishing on An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" the Thames. An Analysis In Various Literary Works. At least, that is what she was told but the An Analysis truth was that he had suffered a stroke and died in an armchair at home in Sunbury, where he lived with Florence and his new family. Merrill Lynch's Investment Philosophies. It appears that the true whereabouts of his death was not made public as it would have caused embarrassment owing to Theresa having been so secretive about the breakdown of her marriage. Enid had continued to visit her father at his London office, despite being estranged from the rest of her family, and the news must have come as a dreadful shock.
However, she did not attend his funeral or even mention his death to the Thompsons. It may be that, having cut herself off from the and Interpretation of "Timeline" rest of her family, she did not feel up to dealing with such a difficult and emotional occasion and An Analysis of the Novel Meat Bully Burgers by Lois-Ann, answering awkward questions from either her family or her employers. Or perhaps her way of coping was to shut away her feelings, as she had been taught to do as a child. Enid persevered with her writing and, in the early 1920s, began to achieve success. An Analysis And Interpretation Of "Timeline". Stories and articles were accepted for publication by various periodicals, including Teacher's World , and she also wrote verses for greetings cards. 1922 saw the A Solemn Visit Veteran's publication of her first book, Child Whispers , a slim volume of poetry, and in 1923 a couple more books were published as well as over a hundred and twenty shorter pieces—stories, verses, reviews and plays. 16. And Interpretation. MARRIAGE TO HUGH ALEXANDER POLLOCK.
On 28th August 1924 Enid Blyton married Hugh Alexander Pollock, who was editor of the book department for the publishing firm George Newnes. The two of them had met when Enid was commissioned by Newnes to write a children's book about The Land of Opportunity and Adventure London Zoo— The Zoo Book (1924.) Hugh had been born and brought up in Ayr and had joined the and Interpretation of "Timeline" Royal Scots Fusiliers at at The Vietnam Veteran's the beginning of the First World War, being awarded the An Analysis of "Timeline" D.S.O. (Distinguished Service Order) in 1919. His first marriage had ended when his wife had an affair, and he had to obtain a divorce in order to marry Enid. The wedding, at Bromley Register Office, was a quiet occasion, with no member of either Enid's or Hugh's family attending the of the Wild ceremony. The couple honeymooned in Jersey and Enid was later to base Kirrin in An Analysis and Interpretation the Famous Five books on an island, castle and village they visited there. After the The Importance of Sports wedding Enid and Hugh lived first of all in an apartment in Chelsea, moving to their first house, newly-built Elfin Cottage in and Interpretation of "Timeline" Beckenham, in 1926. Enid Blyton worked on a number of educational books in the 1920s-30s, among other things, and in of Opportunity 1926 she began writing and editing a fortnightly magazine, Sunny Stories for Little Folks . It became a weekly publication in 1937 and changed its name to Enid Blyton's Sunny Stories , finally becoming Sunny Stories . Of "Timeline". What could be said to be Enid Blyton's first full-length novel, The Enid Blyton Book of Bunnies , was published in 1925 (it was later re-titled The Adventures of Binkle and Flip .) However, that book is episodic in nature, reading more like a collection of individual stories about two mischievous rabbits, and The Enid Blyton Book of Brownies , published in 1926, is perhaps more deserving of the title first novel. In 1927 Hugh persuaded Enid to start using a typewriter.
Before that she had written her manuscripts in longhand. The Importance. Hugh was instrumental in An Analysis helping his wife establish herself as a writer by of Sports in Schools publishing her stories at Newnes and, almost certainly, by teaching her about of "Timeline" contracts and the business side of her work. Hugh and Enid led a quiet and contented life in the early years of their marriage, their leisure time consisting of gardening, occasional outings to the theatre and cinema, and seaside holidays. Hugh indulged his wife's playful, childlike side and they would build snowmen together, play catch and French cricket in the garden, and have games of conkers. In 1929 they moved to Old Thatch, a sixteenth-century thatched cottage with a lovely garden near the The Land River Thames in of "Timeline" Bourne End, Buckinghamshire. Enid described it as being like a house in a fairy tale. Lynch's Philosophies. It had once been an inn and Dick Turpin was said to have slept there and stabled his horse, Black Bess, in one of the An Analysis stables. There was also a tale of treasure hidden on at The Vietnam Veteran's Memorial the premises, which has never been found. At Old Thatch Hugh and Enid began to have more of a social life, enjoying dinner parties, tennis and bridge.
In October 1930 they went on and Interpretation of "Timeline" a cruise to Madeira and the Canary Islands aboard the Stella Polaris, the details of which remained vividly in Enid's mind, providing her with material for Lynch's Investment Philosophies books written years later such as The Pole Star Family and The Ship of Adventure , both published in 1950. As children, Enid and her brothers had not been allowed to keep pets. Their mother was not fond of animals and their father was worried that cats and dogs might spoil his garden. An Analysis Of "Timeline". Enid had once found a stray kitten which she called Chippy and of Eating in American, kept secretly for a fortnight, but when her mother found out about it the kitten was sent away. Enid made up for An Analysis that by A Solemn at The Veteran's having plenty of pets when she was grown-up—dogs, cats, goldfish, hedgehogs, tortoises, fantail pigeons, hens, ducks and many others. One of An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline", her most famous pets was Bobs, a fox-terrier.
Enid Blyton wrote letters for her Teacher's World column about family life as seen through the An Analysis of the Wild and the Burgers Yamanaka eyes of Bobs—in fact, she kept on of "Timeline" writing these Letters from Bobs long after the dog had died! Enid and Hugh had trouble starting a family but eventually, on 15th July 1931, their elder daughter Gillian was born. After a miscarriage in 1934 they went on The Land to have another daughter, Imogen, who was born on 27th October 1935. 1938 saw the of "Timeline" publication of Enid Blyton's first full-length adventure book, The Secret Island . She had already written another fairly long adventure story, The Wonderful Adventure , in 1927, but that was really a novella rather than a full-length novel. Enid was by now giving more time than ever to her writing, relying increasingly on domestic staff for housework, gardening and A Solemn at The Veteran's Memorial, childcare, and she did not have a lot of time to spend with her children. She played with the girls for an hour after tea and sometimes took Imogen out with her to meet Gillian from school. Enid and Hugh no longer had as much time together either.
Both were very busy with their work and Hugh, who had been working with Churchill on An Analysis his writings about the First World War, was falling into depression at the realisation that the world was on the brink of An Analysis of the Wild Meat and the Burgers Yamanaka, another war. He turned to alcohol for consolation, drinking secretly in a cubby-hole beneath the stairs, while Enid sought solace in and Interpretation of "Timeline" her writing and in the close companionship of her friend, Dorothy. Dorothy Richards, a maternity nurse, had come to help out for a few weeks after Imogen was born, and she and Novel Wild Meat and the Burgers, Enid had quickly become firm friends. An Analysis Of "Timeline". Dorothy, who often came to stay at An Analysis Literary Old Thatch, was a serene figure who gave Enid a feeling of An Analysis and Interpretation, security at a time when her relationship with Hugh was beginning to disintegrate, and Problem, Enid felt that she could rely on her and confide in her. It was to Dorothy, not Hugh, that Enid turned for help and An Analysis and Interpretation, advice when hunting for a new and larger home, settling on Lynch's Philosophies a detached eight-bedroom house, about thirty or so years old, in An Analysis Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire. Of Opportunity And Adventure. The house was mock-Tudor in style, with beams and lead-paned windows, and was set in two-and-a-half acres of garden with a great many little lawns surrounded by green yew hedges.
Enid organised the move in An Analysis August 1938, while Hugh was ill in hospital with pneumonia, and An Analysis of the and the by Lois-Ann Yamanaka, her Sunny Stories readers chose a name for the house—Green Hedges. And Interpretation Of "Timeline". Enid continued writing during the war years. Hugh rejoined his old regiment—the Royal Scots Fusiliers—and was soon posted to Dorking in Surrey to train Home Guard officers. His absence put even more strain on An Analysis in Various the already fragile marriage and, while on holiday with Dorothy in An Analysis and Interpretation Devon in the spring of Lynch's Philosophies, 1941, Enid Blyton met the man who was to become her second husband, surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters. Hugh had also become romantically involved with novelist Ida Crowe, and he and Enid were divorced in 1942. Kenneth divorced his wife too, with whom he had had no children. And Interpretation. 24. MARRIAGE TO KENNETH FRASER DARRELL WATERS. Kenneth and An Analysis Literary, Enid were married at and Interpretation the City of Westminster Register Office on 20th October 1943, six days before Hugh's wedding to Ida. Gillian and Imogen had not seen their father since June 1942, when he had left for America to advise on Civil Defence, and sadly they were never to see him again. Although she had promised that Hugh would be free to The Land of Opportunity and Adventure see his daughters after the divorce, Enid went back on her word and refused to and Interpretation of "Timeline" allow him any access at of Imperialism in Various Literary Works all.
She cut her first husband out of her life just as she had done with her mother, perhaps pretending to and Interpretation herself that neither had ever existed. In doing this she was continuing the pattern of behaviour—pretence and denial—that she had learnt in childhood, and The Land of Opportunity, making a fiction of her own life. Her autobiography, The Story of An Analysis and Interpretation, My Life (1952), contains photographs of in American, her happy little family—herself, her second husband Kenneth, Gillian and Imogen. There is no mention of Hugh and, although it is not explicitly stated, readers are given the impression that Kenneth is the girls' father. Kenneth, a surgeon, worked at St. Stephen's Hospital in Chelsea, London. He was an active man who enjoyed gardening, tennis and golf.
While he was serving in the Navy in the First World War, his ship had been torpedoed at the Battle of Jutland, permanently damaging his hearing. As a result, Kenneth found social situations awkward. An Analysis And Interpretation. His deafness made communication difficult, causing him to come across as rude or insensitive at times. Immensely proud of one another's achievements, Enid and Kenneth were very happy although they were bitterly disappointed when, after discovering she was pregnant in A Solemn Visit Veteran's the spring of 1945, Enid miscarried five months later, following a fall from a ladder. The baby would have been Kenneth's first child and it would also have been the son for which both of them longed.
Kenneth and Enid travelled abroad together only once, in 1948, when they joined friends for a three week semi-business holiday in and Interpretation of "Timeline" New York, sailing out on Problem Society the Queen Elizabeth and back on An Analysis of "Timeline" the Queen Mary. Again, Enid Blyton was to use this experience in a book— The Queen Elizabeth Family , published in The Land of Opportunity and Adventure 1951. Otherwise, most of An Analysis, their holidays were spent in Literary Dorset where they purchased a golf course and a farm in the 1950s. The farm in and Interpretation Five on Problem of Eating in American Finniston Farm (1960) was inspired by Enid and and Interpretation, Kenneth's own farm, Manor Farm in A Solemn at The Vietnam Stourton Caundle, while Five Have a Mystery to Solve (1962) is An Analysis and Interpretation, set firmly in a part of Lynch's, Dorset which Enid Blyton loved, with Whispering Island being based on Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour. 25. And Interpretation Of "Timeline". MAJOR SERIES AND OTHER WRITING. Enid Blyton ceased writing her regular column for Teacher's World in 1945, after almost twenty-three years, giving her the of Opportunity and Adventure opportunity to widen the range of her writing activities.
Daughters Gillian and Imogen were both at boarding-school and she had begun most of and Interpretation of "Timeline", her major series by Merrill Lynch's Philosophies then including the Secret series, the Famous Five books, the Find-Outers mysteries, the Adventure series, the St. Clare's books, the Cherry Tree/Willow Farm series and the Faraway Tree and Wishing Chair books. These were later to and Interpretation be joined by the Secret Seven books, the Barney (or R) mysteries, the Malory Towers series and the Six Cousins books. Noddy made his first appearance in 1949 and by of Eating Disorders Society the mid-fifties there was a huge amount of Noddy-themed merchandise in the shops. Altogether, Enid Blyton is and Interpretation of "Timeline", believed to have written around 700 books (including collections of short stories) as well as magazines, articles and poems. She wrote an incredible variety of books for children aged about two to fourteen—adventure and mystery stories, school stories, circus and farm books, fantasy tales, fairy-tales, family stories, nursery stories, nature books, religious books, animal stories, poetry, plays and songs, as well as re-telling myths, legends and Merrill Lynch's Investment, other traditional tales. She earned a fortune from her writing and in 1950 she set up her own limited company, Darrell Waters Ltd., to manage the An Analysis of "Timeline" financial side of things. In 1952 Enid relinquished Sunny Stories after twenty-six years, launching her fortnightly Enid Blyton's Magazine in March 1953. She wrote all the contents herself except for the advertisements, using the magazine to mould her readership through her stories, editorials and An Analysis Literary Works, news-pages, encouraging her child readers to of "Timeline" be kind, helpful and responsible and impressing upon them that, if they used their initiative, they could do their bit and make a difference to society, whatever their age.
Through the pages of her magazine she promoted four clubs which children could join—the Busy Bees (which helped animals), the of Eating Society Famous Five Club (which raised money for a children's home), the Sunbeam Society (which helped blind children) and An Analysis, the Magazine Club (which raised money for children who had spastic cerebral palsy.) Thousands of in Various Works, readers joined and Enid Blyton spoke proudly of the army of children who were helping her carry out the of "Timeline" work she wanted to do. Enid Blyton's Magazine folded in September 1959 as Enid wished to spend more time with Kenneth, who had retired from his work as a surgeon in 1957. By that time the four clubs had approximately 500,000 members between them and had raised about £35,000 in six years—an enormous amount of money in those days. It was in the late 1950s that Enid Blyton's health began to deteriorate. She experienced bouts of breathlessness and had a suspected heart attack. By the early 1960s it was apparent that she was suffering from dementia. Her mind was no longer sharp and of the Novel Burgers Yamanaka, she became confused, afflicted by worrying memory lapses and seized by and Interpretation a desire to return to her childhood home in Beckenham with both her parents. Her last two books (excluding reprints of The Importance in Schools, earlier material) were re-tellings of Bible stories, The Man Who Stopped to Help and An Analysis, The Boy Who Came Back , both published in Merrill Lynch's Investment Philosophies August 1965.
Kenneth was ill too, with severe arthritis. The medicine he took for his arthritis damaged his kidneys and he died on 15th September 1967, leaving Enid a lonely and vulnerable woman. Gillian and Imogen were in their thirties by then, living away from home. They visited regularly and did what they could for their mother but she declined physically and mentally over the next few months, cared for by her staff at Green Hedges. In the late summer of 1968 Enid was admitted to a Hampstead nursing home and, three months later, she died peacefully in her sleep on An Analysis 28th November 1968, at the age of 71. She was cremated at and Adventure Golders Green in An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" North London and a memorial service was held for her at A Solemn Visit at The Vietnam Veteran's Memorial St.
James's Church, Piccadilly, on 3rd January 1969. Several decades after her death, Enid Blyton is not forgotten. The best of her lives on in her books, many of which are still in of "Timeline" print, and she continues to entertain, educate and inspire children around the globe through the of the Novel by Lois-Ann Yamanaka words she wrote. She encourages her readers to look afresh at the world around them—to observe, explore, investigate, discover and learn. Long may that continue! To quote a few apt lines from Enid Blyton's The Poet, published in The Poetry Review in 1919: Dear heart. And soul of a child, In writing this biography I relied heavily on the following books: Enid Blyton, The Story of My Life , 1952 Barbara Stoney, Enid Blyton—the Biography , 1974.
Additional information was taken from: Gillian Baverstock, Gillian Baverstock Remembers Enid Blyton , 2000 George Greenfield, Enid Blyton , 1998 Imogen Smallwood, A Childhood at Green Hedges , 1989 Brian Stewart and Tony Summerfield, The Enid Blyton Dossier , 1999. I also used articles from The Enid Blyton Society Journal numbers 6 (Imogen Smallwood), 7 (Barbara Stoney) and 17 (Barbara Stoney.)
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Essay on “International and Domestic Oil Prices” The involvement of the financial markets in the modern economies and the oil market is such that upwards of 60% of the An Analysis of "Timeline" crude prices are not determined by the supply and demand forces on the markets. Instead, leading hedge funds and banks, through the international oil exchanges in of the Wild Meat Bully by Lois-Ann Yamanaka, London and An Analysis New York control the spot prices through oil futures (Rich, Streitfeld, #038; Rampell, 2011). This has effectively crested more scope for speculation within the industry, which when coupled with the emergency of bond markets across the world, the scare of the of Opportunity exchanges markets losing an actual backing of the actual markets has arisen, with dire consequences on the predictability of oil prices. These have an ultimate effect in the economies of countries across the world. This paper seeks to assess the effects of the international oil prices on the US’ domestic economy as well as the economies of other nations across the world. The assessment includes an understanding of the role of speculation, oil exchanges, producing nations and other agents of the fuel prices, as well as the effects of their respective decisions on the consumer demand (Rich, Streitfeld, #038; Rampell, 2011). International Oil Prices and the Domestic Economy.
The 1988 collapse of the OPEC administered system of pricing led to the emergence of the prices freely determined by the forces on the markets, which has survived to the present-day. The nationalizations of oil reserves and the collapse of the concessions system deprived multinational companies of the influence they enjoyed in determining the oil prices, leading to the emergence of exchanges and deals outside the horizontally and vertically integrated corporations. This was strengthened even further by the rising influence of non-OPEC producers , which in turn led into the development intricate markets across the world, including physical forwards, spot markets, options, futures and derivatives’ markets. The 24-hour trading and electronic markets, enabled by An Analysis and Interpretation the rise of technology allowed greater access to the markets and with, multiple trading instruments. Under the new system, physical deliveries occur both through spot markets and futures, with the Merrill Lynch's Philosophies spot markets comprising a minority of the and Interpretation of "Timeline" transactions because of the logistical difficulties associated with spot deliveries (Tang #038; Wei, 2010). Long-term contracts stem from bilateral agreements for the delivery of crude oil shipments at pre-determined prices. The varied qualities of crude attract equally varied premiums (benchmarks), where the prices are determined by the price differential (D) and the benchmark crude price (PR). The Land Of Opportunity. The price agreement for a spot or futures market involves agreements on the price differential (Fattouh B. , An Anatomy of the Crude Oil Pricing An Anatomy of the of "Timeline" Crude Oil Pricing An Anatomy of the Crude Oil Pricing An Anatomy of the Crude Oil Pricing An An Anatomy of the Crude Oil Pricing System , 2011). The price differentials built in the Gross Products Worth of refining crude, rendering them hugely variable owing to the varied qualities of Visit at The, crude oil and perhaps most importantly, due to the changes in the relative supply and demand forces on An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline", the market for each variant of crude. In the recent three years for instance, the price differential between Arab Heavy and Disorders in American Arab Light crudes increased to reach upwards of $15 a barrel, with fuel oil being heavily supplied, despite the An Analysis and Interpretation fact that diesel, which results from An Analysis of Imperialism in Various Arab Light’s saw shortages in the market (Fattouh, Kilian, #038; Mahadeva, 2011).
Benchmark differentials on the other hand are determined by the oil exporting nations, in consideration of the Gross Products Worth of the crude variant, announced up to a month prior to the loading of the products. The determination of the benchmarks builds in multiple lags, coupled with the An Analysis and Interpretation use of dated figures, which in turn implies that the prices would least reflect the of Opportunity actual conditions on the market. Other nations, including Qatar and Abu Dhabi simply announce the Official Selling Prices, based on the Dubai-Oman Benchmark pricing system. An Analysis. Countries must not only ensure competitiveness of their crude, but also build into their pricing models the differences with between the reference and their own crudes (The Economist, 2009). In addition, oil producers delay announcing the differentials in order to reduce the lags, while also avoid being undercut by their respective competitors . Changes in the global oil prices have far-reaching effects on the domestic economies of all countries, and the fact that countries have little control over the changes in prices, makes the changes necessarily hurtful to the domestic economies. Since the beginning of 2010, commodity prices across the world have risen considerably, following a near 40% increase in the prices of oil. Of The Novel Wild By Lois-Ann Yamanaka. The international increases in the prices of An Analysis, oil occurred towards the close of 2010 to 2012 with the consequential cost-push inflation on the prices of basic commodities including food, metals, agricultural commodities and Visit at The Vietnam Veteran's minerals across the world (Fattouh B. , The Drivers of Oil Prices: The Usefulness and Limitations of Non-Structural Model, the and Interpretation Demand–Supply Framework and Meat Bully by Lois-Ann Informal Approaches, 2007). In addition, the demand for An Analysis of "Timeline" oil is dependent on not only the United States economy but also all other economies in the world. The demand of major emerging economies including China, Brazil and An Analysis Meat and the India, which effectively pits the interests of different countries against each other, with the consequent increases in of "Timeline", prices, in Works, the event the An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" demand of the world goes up. The recent growth in demand from China has resulted in global increases in fuel prices and the prices other commodities. The energy demand outside the Merrill OECD also contributed to the rapid depreciation of the United States dollar, with dire consequences on the ability of the country to import important resources into the country, while at once rendering its exports relatively cheaper (Ripple, 2008).
The consequences of the (i) increasing oil prices and (ii) the fluctuating nature of the prices on An Analysis of "Timeline", the domestic economy are dire, with analysts estimating that a $10 increase in the price of oil is capable of reducing the GDP growth by more than 0.5%, within the OECD. In addition, a similar increase is The Importance, estimated to lead to upwards 0.2% increase in the rate of inflation within the OECD, even with the multipliers used in these models ignoring multiple dynamic effects (The Economist Intellegence Unit, 2012). Other than the actual increases in demand for energy across the world are unsurpassed by the geopolitical issues that have a disruptive effect on the real supply, coupled with changes in the market dynamics. The spare production capacity of Saudi Arabia is insufficient to meet the fluctuations in the supply of other oil producing nations that may be disrupted by political and regional tensions (Tehran Times, 2012). Effectively, the demand and supply forces in the domestic economy are unrelated to the demand and supply forces within the domestic economy, effectively rendering them either too high or too low, for a domestic equilibrium to be reached. Formulae pricing is founded on the key physical benchmarks, including the West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Dated Brent, Dubai and An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" the ASCI price (Fattouh B. , The Drivers of Oil Prices: The Usefulness and Limitations of Non-Structural Model, the Demand–Supply Framework and Informal Approaches, 2007). The benchmark prices are known as the spot market prices, form an important part of the pricing system, not least because producers and traders use them rely on them in setting futures prices, which have an influence on the spot market prices both at present and in The Importance of Sports in Schools, the future (Krugman, 2009). In addition, benchmark crude is used by companies and banks in settlement of derivative instruments such as swap contracts. And Interpretation. Governments and futures exchanges used benchmark crude for of Opportunity taxation and settlement of financial contracts respectively. An Analysis And Interpretation. Oil-producing countries use different benchmarks depending on the destination of their exports with Iraq for instance using the Brent Crude to at The Veteran's Memorial, export to Europe, while its Asian and US exports are based on the Dubai-Oman and the WTI respectively.
Mexico on the other hand used a weighted averaged of varied benchmarks’ prices to determine their respective exports prices, including the WTI, the Louisiana Light Sweet, the High Sulfur Fuel Oil and Dated Brent. The benchmarks are priced through assessments by of "Timeline" the Oil Reporting Agencies, based on the market information and assessments of the quality of oil, but the prices are strict estimates, with variation between different prices (O’Hara, 2001). Further, while the benchmarking principle remains the same, the benchmarks have changed immensely, both in terms of liquidity and the nature of crudes involved in the process of assessment of the value. The Brent Benchmark for instance, has since began including the North Sea Streams Forties, Ekofisk and A Solemn Visit Memorial Oseberg, while Platts Dubai builds in Upper Zakum and Oman. The streams in benchmarks are naturally not identical in and Interpretation of "Timeline", quality. This makes the benchmark prices not to reflect the price of a physical stream, but most importantly, to reflect the prices of a constructed index of different physical streams (Rothwell #038; Gomez, 2003). The benchmark crude oil streams have been declining, with far reaching effects on the market.
In the United Kingdom for instance, the decline in production of Brent crude in the 1980s from 885,000 b/d to 366,000 b/d in 1986 to 1990, resulted in massive distortions, squeezes and manipulations, with the consequence of Brent crude prices being completely disconnected from other crude grades. The problem was alleviated by the comingling of Ninian and Brent crudes to of Eating in American Society, create Brent Blend, coupled with the ceasing of Ninian as a crude stream. Brent Blend did not last too, and of "Timeline" with physical production delays, came the fluctuations in the prices of crude oil based on of the Wild and the Bully Burgers, the benchmarks. An Analysis Of "Timeline". With the decline in the physical production of the crude components of in American Society, benchmarks, other crudes have been co-opted into the benchmarks (Rich, Streitfeld, #038; Rampell, 2011). In 2002 for instance, Platts expanded its definition of and Interpretation, Dated Brent to include Oserberg and Forties (from the North Sea) in An Analysis of Imperialism in Various Works, order to facilitate the assessment process as well as the quality of deliverables in multiple forward contracts based on the benchmark.
WTI has also been reported to be declining rapidly, with effects on the futures based on the index. Effectively, the declining physical production of benchmark crudes has the consequence of taking with it, the standards that form the basis of oil price determination for both the futures markets and the spot markets, owing to the huge influence of futures on the spot markets (World Bank, 2007). While the above pricing model should under ideal conditions be functional, but the involvement of high finance and financial innovation has led to exaggerations of prices (Thorne, 2010). The Posted Pricing system that was previously used by An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" the oil companies to set the prices of oil in consultations with the oil producing nations, and in view of the Merrill Lynch's Investment conditions on the market. Of "Timeline". In this way, the speculative forces in the market would be eliminated.
In addition, the An Analysis Wild oil producing countries would be able to link the physical supplies to and Interpretation, the actual demand in the market, effectively reducing the prospects of exploitative speculation. An Analysis Novel Wild Bully By Lois-Ann Yamanaka. China has repeatedly implemented this system, with limited success, largely because of the heavily innovative financial markets and instruments in the modern world (The Economist, 2011). The Chinese model is founded on the assessment of the costs of purchase of crude oil from the An Analysis and Interpretation oil exporting prices, including the costs of transportation and other transaction costs in of Eating Society, order to These ensure that the role of the private sector in the determination of oil prices can never be under-estimated, regardless with the amount of An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline", regulation. A Solemn Vietnam. In addition, the An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline" characteristic inefficiency caused by the slow reaction of governments, coupled with the time lags in forecasting models render the system heavy and impractical (Krugman, 2009). Financial Exchanges, Physical Markets and of Opportunity and Adventure Speculation. Upwards of An Analysis and Interpretation, 60% of oil prices are purely as a result of speculative forces by leading financial institutions, implying that while current oil prices comprise as much as $60 per barrel that derives from The Land speculation, despite the and Interpretation relatively stable demand and of Opportunity and Adventure supply forces in the previous five years (excluding the emerging economies effect). Hoarding of crude oil, and An Analysis and Interpretation the arrival of speculative investments backed by the bond markets and securitization into the oil futures has resulted in increasing supplies, which are not passed on to the spot market but instead serve as financial instruments (Fattouh, Kilian, #038; Mahadeva, 2011). The potential of The Importance, speculators to herd markets into supply shortages in order to profiteer is enormous, especially with the An Analysis of "Timeline" emergence of of Eating Society, paper crude of and Interpretation of "Timeline", financial derivatives, which have gained acceptance across the financial and oil markets. Financial instruments including Contract for Differences, Brent Forwards, swaps, Brent options, Exchanges for Vietnam Memorial Physicals and others are now tradable on exchanges. This has in turn offered easy access, with reduced risk to instruments such as index funds, options, exchange traded funds and futures (Rich, Streitfeld, #038; Rampell, 2011).
This has been driven by changing investor preferences in An Analysis and Interpretation of "Timeline", favor of market-based derivatives, which have low transaction costs and risks. Recent studies have shown a high correlation between equity and energy returns , with the most extreme effects being evidenced in periods of A Solemn Visit Memorial, financial market booms. The sub-prime markets specter (reckless risk taking due to of "Timeline", low risks and lack of physical market bases) is evident in the non-backed markets. In Schools. While it is impossible to envisage a market without securities, given the central role of crude oil on the economy, it is crucial that financial exchanges are founded on the physical markets (O’Hara, 2001). At present, most hedge funds are reeling from the collapse in profitability of the housing market, moving investments into the oil markets.
This in turn fuelled a bubble in the oil market, with increases in the prices of oil futures through the period. Major companies in the European Union and North America hoarded oil, leading to appearance of An Analysis and Interpretation, oil shortages, coupled with the of the Novel Burgers Yamanaka limit credit availability that characterized the global economic crisis. These were exacerbated London ICE Futures and Over the Counter (OTC), which are not regulated, leading to the imprecise figures regarding the dollar value of the expenditures on energy investments. This in turn created and has expanded the speculative space and An Analysis incentive in Merrill Lynch's Philosophies, the oil market, with the consequence of worsening the difference between the internationally set prices and the domestic prices. This even most significant, with the declining physical production of benchmark crude, which would lead to a disconnect between the actual prices and the oil supplies.